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Risk Assessment Database

Risk assessments are an important tool in the battle against invasive species; and can be used to inform prevention, prioritization, and response.

These assessments are conducted by many organizations and departments (both government and non-government) across North America and the globe to address regional invasive species threats. 

 

Risk Assessment Database

The aim of this database is to provide a record of completed risk assessments relevant to the Great Lakes Region of North America. The database currently includes information on risk assessments completed by a range of government and non-government organizations (see 'Included Organizations' below. As more agencies are contacted and information is gathered, the information collected will be added to the database. 

Exotic and non-native species have been compiled into a list that indicates whether a full risk assessment or shortened version of a risk assessment (i.e. Ecological Risk Screening Summaries from USFWS and Categorizations from CFIA) have been completed. The list is sorted by aquatic, wetland, and terrestrial species first and then alphabetically by Latin name. Hyperlinks to specific risk assessments are included where available. 


Included Organizations:

Ontario Ministry of Natural Resources and Forestry (OMNRF) 

Canadian Food Inspection Agency (CFIA)

Department of Fisheries and Oceans (DFO)

Natural Resources Canada (NRCan)

U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (USFWS)

U.S. Department of Agriculture  (USDA)

Canadian Council of Forest Ministers (CCFM)

European Commission

New York Invasive Species Information (NY)

Indiana Invasive Species Council (IN)


Please report any inaccuracies to the Invasive Species Centre at info@invasivespeciescentre.ca 




Records - of 586

Species

Common
Name

Environment

Full Risk
Assessment

Categorization/
Summary
Assessment

Assessing
Body

Link

 Acipenser ruthenus White sturgeon, Sterlet  Aquatic



 Alosa aestivalis Blueback herring   Aquatic        
 Alosa pseudoharengus Alewife  Aquatic    Yes USFWS  

https://www.fws.gov/fisheries/ans/erss/highrisk/Alosa-pseudoharengus-WEB-8-18-2014.pdf

 

 Anguillidae Anguillidae non-indigenous Aquatic         
 Anodonta woodiana  Asian freshwater mussel  Aquatic        
 Anubias barteri Anubias barteri  Aquatic  Yes   USDA  

https://www.aphis.usda.gov/plant_health/plant_pest_info/weeds/downloads/wra/Anubias%20barteri%20WRA.pdf

 Bacopa australis  Bacopa australis  Aquatic  Yes   USDA   

https://www.aphis.usda.gov/plant_health/plant_pest_info/weeds/downloads/wra/Bacopa_australis_WRA.pdf

 Bithynia tentaculata  Faucet snail  Aquatic    Yes USFWS  

https://www.fws.gov/fisheries/ans/erss/highrisk/Bithynia-tentaculata-ERSS-revision-July2015.pdf

 Butomus umbellatus  Flowering rush  Aquatic        
 Bythotrephes longimanus (Bythotrephes cederstroemii)  Spiny water flea  Aquatic    Yes NY  http://www.nyis.info/user_uploads/94b0a_Bythotrephes%20cederstroemi%20Ecological.pdf
 Cabomba caroliniana  Fanwort  Aquatic  Yes  Yes OMNRF, CFIA, European Commission, NY 

http://www.inspection.gc.ca/plants/plant-pests-invasive-species/diseases/sudden-oak-death/summary/eng/1327588394994/1327589076065

 
https://circabc.europa.eu/faces/jsp/extension/wai/navigation/container.jsp?FormPrincipal:_idcl=FormPrincipal:_id1&FormPrincipal_SUBMIT=1&id=ecfbb8d1-d23f-4947-b157-3e435d6c84c1&javax.faces.ViewState=UWgbOQAb54PkidIxBi8O0bDDEZrBmjUvpstXh0lrecUf7ZtApMX4DXmmUtzbDXCFjsDwgKep1TVKcdYAQNb6ntf7MhoMsGDNusV4y0z9ImZUCi2M5WptN6%2B6D8SX8RDu8gCXFO0bC6VH7GTqHTavbP4%2BY5ZVluGax8r%2B6Q%3D%3D, http://www.nyis.info/user_uploads/69673_Cabomba.caroliniana.NYS.pdf
 Carassius auratus  Goldfish  Aquatic    Yes NY  http://www.nyis.info/user_uploads/abbe9_Carassius%20auratus%20Ecological.pdf
Carex acutiformis   European lake sedge  Aquatic        
 Cercopagus pengoi  Fish hook water flea  Aquatic        
 Channa argus  Northern snakehead  Aquatic  Yes   DFO  

http://www.dfo-mpo.gc.ca/csas-sccs/Publications/ResDocs-DocRech/2005/2005_075-eng.htm

 Cherax destructor Common Yabby  Aquatic   Yes  Yes OMNRF, USFWS  

 

https://www.fws.gov/injuriouswildlife/pdf_files/Cherax_destructor_WEB_9-15-2014.pdf

 

 Cherax tenuimanus Marron   Aquatic        
 Cipangopaludina chinensis  Chinese mystery snail Aquatic         
 Corbicula fluminea  Asiatic clam  Aquatic   Yes  USFWS  

https://www.fws.gov/fisheries/ans/erss/highrisk/Corbicula-fluminea-ERSS-revision-July2015.pdf

 Ctenopharyngodon idella  Grass carp  Aquatic  Yes  Yes DFO, USFWS, NY  

http://www.dfo-mpo.gc.ca/csas/Csas/DocREC/2004/RES2004_103_E.pdf, http://www.nyis.info/user_uploads/302bd_Ctenopharyngodon%20idella%20Ecological.pdf

 Cyprinella lutrensis  Red shiner  Aquatic        
 Cyprinus carpio  Common carp, koi  Aquatic    Yes USFWS, NY  

https://www.fws.gov/fisheries/ans/erss/highrisk/Cyprinus-carpio-WEB-09-10-2014.pdf, http://www.nyis.info/user_uploads/f9c07_Cyprinus%20carpio%20Ecological.pdf

 Daphnia lumholtzi  Water flea  Aquatic    Yes NY  http://www.nyis.info/user_uploads/9eb43_Daphnia%20lumholtzi.ecological.pdf
 Didymosphenia geminata Rock snot   Aquatic  Yes   CFIA   
 Dikerogammarus villosus  Killer Shrimp  Aquatic  Yes   OMNRF  
 Dreissena polymorpha  Zebra Mussel Aquatic     Yes USFWS, NY  

https://www.fws.gov/fisheries/ans/erss/highrisk/Dreissena-polymorpha-ERSS-July2015.pdf, http://www.nyis.info/user_uploads/6299f_Dreissena%20polymorpha.ecological.pdf

 Dreissena rostriformis bugensis  Quagga Mussel  Aquatic    Yes USFWS, NY  

https://www.fws.gov/fisheries/ans/erss/highrisk/Dreissena-rostriformis-bugensis-ERSS-revision-June2015.pdf, http://www.nyis.info/user_uploads/833c9_Dreissena%20rostriformis%20bugensis.ecological.pdf

 Echinodorus uruguayensis  Uruguay sword plant  Aquatic  Yes   USDA  

https://www.aphis.usda.gov/plant_health/plant_pest_info/weeds/downloads/wra/Echinodorus_uruguayensis_WRA.pdf

 Egeria densa  Brazilian Elodea  Aquatic  Yes   OMNRF  
 Eichhornia crassipes  Water hyacinth  Aquatic        
 Eriocheir sinensis  Chinese mitten crab  Aquatic  Yes   DFO  http://www.dfo-mpo.gc.ca/csas-sccs/Publications/ResDocs-DocRech/2008/2008_041-eng.htm
 family Clariidae  Walking catfish  Aquatic        
 Fundulus diaphanus diaphanus  Eastern banded killifish  Aquatic        
 Gambusia affinis  Western mosquitofish  Aquatic        
 Gambusia holbrooki  Eastern mosquitofish  Aquatic      Yes NY  http://www.nyis.info/user_uploads/3465d_Gambusia%20holbrooki%20Ecological.pdf
 Gasterosteus aculeatus aculeatus  Three spine stickleback  Aquatic        
 Glyceria maxima  Rough manna grass  Aquatic        
 Gymnocoronis spilanthoides  Senegal tea plant  Aquatic  Yes   USDA  

https://www.aphis.usda.gov/plant_health/plant_pest_info/weeds/downloads/wra/Gymnocoronis_spilanthoides_WRA.pdf

 Hemimysis anomala  Bloody red shrim Aquatic   Yes   DFO  

http://www.dfo-mpo.gc.ca/csas-sccs/publications/resdocs-docrech/2009/2009_107-eng.htm

 Hydrilla virticillata  Hydrilla  Aquatic  Yes   OMNRF  
 Hydrocharis morsus-ranae  European Frog-bit  Aquatic     Yes IN, NY  http://www.nyis.info/user_uploads/c6668_Hydrocharis%20morsus-ranae.NYS.pdf
 Hygrophila corymbosa  Temple plant  Aquatic  Yes   USDA  

https://www.aphis.usda.gov/plant_health/plant_pest_info/weeds/downloads/wra/Hygrophila-corymbosa.pdf

 Hygrophila difformis  Water wisteria  Aquatic  Yes   USDA  

https://www.aphis.usda.gov/plant_health/plant_pest_info/weeds/downloads/wra/Hygrophila-difformis.pdf

 Hygrophila pinnatifida  Fern hygrophila  Aquatic  Yes   USDA  

https://www.aphis.usda.gov/plant_health/plant_pest_info/weeds/downloads/wra/Hygrophila-pinnatifida.pdf

Hygrophila polysperma   Miramar weed  Aquatic  Yes   USDA  

https://www.aphis.usda.gov/plant_health/plant_pest_info/weeds/downloads/wra/Hygrophila-polysperma.pdf

 Hypophthalmichthys harmandi  Largescale silver carp  Aquatic        
Hypophthalmichthys molitrix  Silver carp  Aquatic  Yes   Yes DFO, NY  

http://www.dfo-mpo.gc.ca/csas/Csas/DocREC/2004/RES2004_103_E.pdf, http://www.nyis.info/user_uploads/1a2f4_Hypophthalmichthys%20molitrix.ecological.pdf

Hypophthalmichthys nobilis  Bighead carp Aquatic  Yes    Yes DFO, NY  

http://www.dfo-mpo.gc.ca/csas/Csas/DocREC/2004/RES2004_103_E.pdf, http://www.nyis.info/user_uploads/0ed07_Hypophthalmichthys%20nobilis.ecological.pdf

 Iris pseudacorus  Yellow iris  Aquatic        
 Lates calcarifer Barramundi   Aquatic  Yes   OMNRF  
 Lepomis microlophus  Redear sunfish  Aquatic        
 Leptochilus pteropus  Java fern  Aquatic  Yes   USDA  

https://www.aphis.usda.gov/plant_health/plant_pest_info/weeds/downloads/wra/Leptochilus_pteropus_WRA.pdf

 Leuciscus idus  Ide, Orfe  Aquatic    Yes USFWS  

https://www.fws.gov/fisheries/ans/erss/uncertainrisk/Leuciscus-idus-ERSS-revision-June-2015.pdf

 Limnobium laevigatum  South American spongeplant  Aquatic  Yes   USDA

https://plants.ifas.ufl.edu/wp-content/uploads/files/caip/pdfs/WRA-Limnobium-laevigatum.pdf

 
 Limnoperna fortunei  Golden Mussel  Aquatic  Yes   OMNRF  

https://www.fws.gov/injuriouswildlife/pdf_files/Limnoperna_fortunei_WEB-7-24-2014.pdf

 Lythrum salicaria  Purple loosestrife  Aquatic        
 Misgurnus anguillicaudatus  Japanese weatherfish, Weather loach  Aquatic  Yes  Yes OMNRF, USFWS

https://www.fws.gov/fisheries/ans/erss/highrisk/Misgurnus-anguillicaudatus-WEB-8-21-12.pdf

 
 Morone americana  White perch  Aquatic    Yes USFWS  

https://www.fws.gov/midwest/alpena/documents/Lake-Erie-Report-2013-2015-Final-3-18-16.pdf

 Morone saxatilis  Striped bass  Aquatic  Yes   OMNRF  
Mylopharyngodon piceus  Black Carp  Aquatic  Yes   DFO  

http://www.dfo-mpo.gc.ca/csas/Csas/DocREC/2004/RES2004_103_E.pdf

Myocastor coypus  Nutria  Aquatic        
 Myriophyllum aquaticum  Parrotfeather  Aquatic  Yes   Yes OMNRF, NY  http://www.nyis.info/user_uploads/b53a8_Myriophyllum.aquaticum.NYS.pdf
 Myriophyllum spicatum  Eurasian watermilfoil  Aquatic     Yes NY  http://www.nyis.info/user_uploads/5cdc8_Myriophyllum.spicatum.NYS.pdf
 Myxocyprinus asiaticus  Chinese hi-fin banded shark  Aquatic        
 Neogobius fluviatilis fluviatilis  Monkey goby  Aquatic         
 Neogobius melanostomus  Round goby  Aquatic  Yes  Yes DFO, USFWS  

http://www.dfo-mpo.gc.ca/csas-sccs/Publications/ResDocs-DocRech/2007/2007_038-eng.htm

 Neptunia oleracea  Water mimosa  Aquatic  Yes   CFIA  
 Nitellopsis obtusa  Starry stonewort  Aquatic        
 Nymphoides cristata  Crested floating hear  Aquatic  Yes   USDA  

https://www.aphis.usda.gov/plant_health/plant_pest_info/weeds/downloads/wra/Nymphoides_cristata_WRA.pdf

 Nymphoides indica  Water snowflake  Aquatic  Yes   USDA  

https://www.aphis.usda.gov/plant_health/plant_pest_info/weeds/downloads/wra/Nymphoides_indica_WRA.pdf

 Nymphoides peltata  Fringed water-lily  Aquatic  Yes  Yes CFIA, USDA  

https://www.aphis.usda.gov/plant_health/plant_pest_info/weeds/downloads/wra/Nymphoides_peltata_WRA.pdf

 Orconectes rusticus  Rusty crayfish  Aquatic    Yes USFWS  

https://www.fws.gov/fisheries/ans/erss/highrisk/Orconectes-rusticus-ERSS-revision-June2015.pdf

 Oreochromis aureus  Blue Tilapia  Aquatic    Yes USFWS  

https://www.fws.gov/fisheries/ans/erss/highrisk/Oreochromis-aureus-ERSS-revision-July-2015-with-GCC-projections.pdf

 Oreochromis mossambicus Mozambique Tilapia   Aquatic    Yes USFWS  

https://www.fws.gov/fisheries/ans/erss/highrisk/Oreochromis-mossambicus-ERSS-revision-July-2015.pdf

Oreochromis niloticus Nile Tilapia   Aquatic    Yes USFWS  

https://www.fws.gov/fisheries/ans/erss/highrisk/Oreochromis-niloticus-ERSS-revision-July-2015.pdf

Oreochromis sp.  Tilapia sp.  Aquatic   Yes   OMNRF  
 Osmerus mordax  Rainbow smelt  Aquatic        
 Perca fluviatilis European perch   Aquatic    Yes USFWS  

https://www.fws.gov/injuriouswildlife/pdf_files/Perca_fluviatilis_WEB_9-15-14.pdf

 Petromyzon marinus  Sea lamprey  Aquatic     Yes NY  http://www.nyis.info/user_uploads/871ee_Petromyzon%20marinus%20Ecological.pdf
 Phalaris arundinacea  Reed canarygrass  Aquatic     Yes IN  https://www.entm.purdue.edu/iisc/pdf/plants/Phalaris_arundinacea.pdf
Phoxinus phoxinus   Eurasian minnow  Aquatic    Yes USFWS  

https://www.fws.gov/injuriouswildlife/pdf_files/Phoxinus_phoxinus_WEB_9-15-14.pdf

 Phragmites australis australis European common reed   Aquatic     Yes IN, NY  https://www.entm.purdue.edu/iisc/pdf/plants/Phragmites_australis.pdf, http://www.nyis.info/user_uploads/a27a2_Phragmites.australis.NYS.pdf
 Pistia  Water lettuce  Aquatic        
 Potamogeton crispus Curly-leaved pondweed   Aquatic        
 Potamopyrgus antipodarum  New Zealand mudsnail Aquatic  Yes   Yes DFO, USFWS  

http://www.dfo-mpo.gc.ca/Library/344229.pdf  

https://www.fws.gov/fisheries/ans/erss/highrisk/Potamopyrgus-antipodarum-ERSS-revision-June2015.pdf

 Procambarus clarkii Red swamp crayfish   Aquatic        
Pseudorasbora parva   Stone moroko  Aquatic  Yes  Yes OMNRF, USFWS  

https://www.fws.gov/injuriouswildlife/pdf_files/Pseudorasbora_parva_WEB_9-15-2014.pdf

 Rhodeus sericeus
 Bitterling  Aquatic     Yes USFWS  

https://www.fws.gov/fisheries/ans/erss/uncertainrisk/Rhodeus-sericeus-ERSS-June2015.pdf

 Rotala wallichii  Whorly rotala  Aquatic  Yes   USDA  

https://www.aphis.usda.gov/plant_health/plant_pest_info/weeds/downloads/wra/Rotala-wallichii.pdf

 Sagittaria pygmaea  Sagittaria pygmaea  Aquatic    Yes CFIA  
 Salvelinus alpinus  Arctic char  Aquatic        
 Sander lucioperca
 Zander  Aquatic  Yes  Yes OMNRF, USFWS, NY  

https://www.fws.gov/injuriouswildlife/pdf_files/Sander_lucioperca_WEB_9-15-2014.pdf, http://www.nyis.info/user_uploads/cfd81_Sander%20lucioperca%20Ecological.pdf

 Sarotherodon melanotheron  Blackchin Tilapia  Aquatic    Yes USFWS  

https://www.fws.gov/fisheries/ans/erss/highrisk/Sarotherodon-melanotheron-WEB-10-01-12.pdf

 Silurus glanis  Sheatfish / Wels Catfish  Aquatic  Yes  Yes OMNRF, USFWS  

https://www.fws.gov/injuriouswildlife/pdf_files/Silurus_%20glanis_WEB_9-15-2014.pdf

 Stratiotes sp.  Water soldier  Aquatic  Yes   OMNRF  
 Thymallus arcticus  Arctic grayling  Aquatic        
 Tilapia mariae  Spotted Tilapia  Aquatic    Yes USFWS  

https://www.fws.gov/fisheries/ans/erss/highrisk/Tilapia-mariae-WEB-10-1-12.pdf

 Tilapia sparrmanii  Banded Tilapia  Aquatic    Yes USFWS  

https://www.fws.gov/fisheries/ans/erss/highrisk/Tilapia-sparrmanii-ERSS-revision-June-2015.pdf

 Tilapia zillii

 

 Redbelly Tilapia  Aquatic    Yes USFWS  

https://www.fws.gov/fisheries/ans/erss/highrisk/Tilapia-zillii-WEB-8-21-2014.pdf

 Tinca tinca  Tench  Aquatic    Yes USFWS, NY  

https://www.fws.gov/fisheries/ans/erss/uncertainrisk/Tinca-tinca-WEB-09-05-2014.pdf, http://www.nyis.info/user_uploads/f9c78_Tinca%20tinca%20Ecological.pdf

 Trachemys scripta elegans  Red-eared slider with a carapace (top shell) length of < 4 inches  Aquatic         
 Trapa natans  European water chestnut  Aquatic  Yes   Yes OMNRF, CFIA, NY  http://www.nyis.info/user_uploads/61a2d_Trapa%20natans%20NYS.pdf
 Ulva lactuca  Sea lettuce  Aquatic    Yes CFIA  
 Xenopus laevis  African clawed frog  Aquatic        
   Watermoss-Salvana species
 Aquatic        
   Eurasian and northern milfoil cross  Aquatic        
 Arundo donax  Giant reed  Wetland  Yes   USDA  
 Crassula helmsii  Swamp stonecrop  Wetland  Yes   USDA  

https://www.aphis.usda.gov/plant_health/plant_pest_info/weeds/downloads/wra/Crassula_helmsii_WRA.pdf

 Isachne globosa  Swamp millet  Wetland    Yes CFIA  
 Ludwigia prostrata  Heusenkraut  Wetland    Yes CFIA  
 Luziola subintegra  Tropical American watergrass  Wetland  Yes Yes  USDA/CFIA  https://www.aphis.usda.gov/plant_health/plant_pest_info/weeds/downloads/wra/Luziola_subintegra_WRA.pdf
 Lygodium japonicum  Japanese climbing fern  Wetland  Yes   Yes CFIA  
 Pachira aquatica  Malabar chestnut  Wetland    Yes CFIA  
 Sesbania exaltata  Coffeeweed  Wetland    Yes CFIA  
 Urochloa fasciculata  Browntop signalgrass  Wetland    Yes CFIA   
 Urochloa panicoides  Panic liverseed grass  Wetland  Yes Yes  CFIA   
 Abies homolepis  Nikko fir  Terrestrial     Yes CFIA  
 Acalypha australis  Asian copperleaf  Terrestrial  Yes   USDA  https://www.aphis.usda.gov/plant_health/plant_pest_info/weeds/downloads/wra/Acalypha%20australis%20WRA.pdf
 Acanthospermum australe  Paraguayan starburr  Terrestrial     Yes CFIA  
 Acanthospermum hispidum  Bristly starbur  Terrestrial   Yes   USDA  https://www.aphis.usda.gov/plant_health/plant_pest_info/weeds/downloads/wra/Acanthospermum-hispidum.pdf
 Acer negundo  Manitoba Maple  Terrestrial         
Acer platanoides   Norway Maple  Terrestrial      Yes IN, NY  https://www.entm.purdue.edu/iisc/pdf/plants/Acer_platanoides.pdf, http://www.nyis.info/user_uploads/aa4a6_Acer.platanoides.NYS.pdf
 Achillea santolina  Achillea santolina  Terrestrial     Yes CFIA  
 Achyranthes aspera Prickly chaff flower   Terrestrial     Yes CFIA  
Achyranthes japonica  Japanese chaff flower  Terrestrial   Yes   Yes USDA, IN, NY  https://www.aphis.usda.gov/plant_health/plant_pest_info/weeds/downloads/wra/Achyranthes%20japonica%20WRA.pdf, https://www.entm.purdue.edu/iisc/pdf/plants/Achyranthes_japonica.pdf, http://www.nyis.info/user_uploads/f5e32_Achyranthes.japonica.NYS.pdf
 Acroceras zizanioides  Oat's grass  Terrestrial     Yes CFIA
Actinoscirpus grossus  Giant bulrush  Terrestrial     Yes CFIA  
 Adelges abietis (Linnaeus)  Eastern spruce gall adelgid  Terrestrial         
 Adelges piceae (Ratzeburg)  Balsam woolly adelgid  Terrestrial   Yes   CFIA  
 Adonis aestivalis  Summer pheasant's-eye  Terrestrial    Yes CFIA   
 Aegopodium podagraria   Bishop's goutweed  Terrestrial      Yes NY  http://www.nyis.info/user_uploads/d23fe_Aegopodium.podagraria.NYS.pdf
 Agrilus sulcicollis Lacordaire  European oak borer Terrestrial   Yes   CFIA  
 Agrilus planipennis Fairmaire  Emerald Ash Borer  Terrestrial   Yes   CFIA, CCFM  http://www.ccfm.org/pdf/Emerald%20ash%20borer%20-%20risk%20analysis%20-%20NFPS%20-%20EN%20-%20FINAL.pdf
 Agrostis stolonifera  Creeping bentgrass  Terrestrial  Yes   USDA  
 Agrostis stolonifera (GE herbicide resistant)  Creeping bentgrass  Terrestrial  Yes   USDA  https://www.aphis.usda.gov/plant_health/plant_pest_info/weeds/downloads/wra/agrostis_stolonifera.pdf
Ailanthus altissima   Tree of Heaven   Terrestrial     Yes NY  http://www.nyis.info/user_uploads/36162_Ailanthus.altissima.NYS.pdf
 Aira elegantissima  Lace hairgrass  Terrestrial 
 
Yes
CFIA  
 Aldus glutinosa  European or Black Alder  Terrestrial         
 Alliaria petiolata  Garlic mustard  Terrestrial      Yes IN, NY  https://www.entm.purdue.edu/iisc/pdf/plants/Alliaria_petiolata.pdf, http://www.nyis.info/user_uploads/92019_Alliaria.petiolata.NYS.pdf
 Alstroemeria aurea  Peruvian-lily  Terrestrial    Yes  CFIA  
 Althaea armeniaca  Marshamallow  Terrestrial   Yes   USDA  https://www.aphis.usda.gov/plant_health/plant_pest_info/weeds/downloads/wra/Althaea%20armeniaca%20WRA.pdf
 Amaranthus deflexus  Low amaranth  Terrestrial     Yes CFIA  
 Amaranthus graecizans  Tumbleweed  Terrestrial     Yes CFIA  
Amaranthus muricatus  African amaranth  Terrestrial     Yes CFIA  
Amblyopyrum muticum  Amblyopyrum muticum  Terrestrial     Yes CFIA  
Ammi majus  Bishop's flower  Terrestrial     Yes CFIA  
 Ammi visgnaga  Bisnaga  Terrestrial     Yes CFIA  
 Andropogon gayanus  Gamba grass  Terrestrial     Yes CFIA  
Annona muricata  Soursop  Terrestrial     Yes CFIA  
Anoplophora glabripennis (Motschulsky)  Asian longhorned beetle    Terrestrial      Yes NY  http://www.nyis.info/user_uploads/86d31_Anoplophora%20glabripennis%20Ecological.pdf
 Anthemis pseudocotula  Common chamomile  Terrestrial     Yes CFIA  
Apera spica-venti  Common windgrass  Terrestrial     Yes CFIA  
 Araujia sericifera  Cruel plant  Terrestrial   Yes   USDA  https://www.aphis.usda.gov/plant_health/plant_pest_info/weeds/downloads/wra/Araujia%20sericifera%20WRA.pdf
 Ardisia crenata  Coralberry ardisia  Terrestrial   Yes   USDA  https://www.aphis.usda.gov/plant_health/plant_pest_info/weeds/downloads/wra/Ardisia_crenata_WRA.pdf
 Artemisia austriaca  Austrian wormwood  Terrestrial     Yes CFIA  
 Artemisia japonica  Japanese wormwood  Terrestrial     Yes CFIA  
 Asparagus asparagoides  Bridal creeper  Terrestrial     Yes CFIA  
Asphodelus fistulosus  Onion weed  Terrestrial     Yes CFIA  
 Astragalus membranaceus  Huang Qi  Terrestrial   Yes   USDA  https://www.aphis.usda.gov/plant_health/plant_pest_info/weeds/downloads/wra/Austroderia_richardii_WRA.pdf
 Austroderia richardii  New Zealand pampass grass  Terrestrial   Yes   USDA  https://www.aphis.usda.gov/plant_health/plant_pest_info/weeds/downloads/wra/Austroderia_richardii_WRA.pdf
 Austroeupatorium inulifolium  Austroeupatorium inulifolium  Terrestrial     Yes CFIA  
 Avena strigosa  Lopsided oat  Terrestrial     Yes CFIA  
 Bassia prostrata  Forage kochia  Terrestrial  Yes  Yes  CFIA  
Berberis thunbergii   Japanese barberry   Terrestrial      Yes NY  http://www.nyis.info/user_uploads/30d9c_Berberis.thunbergii.NYS.pdf
 Berkheya rigida  African thistle  Terrestrial     Yes CFIA   
 Bidens pilosa  Black-jack  Terrestrial   Yes
CFIA  
 Bidens subalternans Greater beggar's ticks  Terrestrial     Yes CFIA  
 Bituminaria bituminosa  Arabian pea  Terrestrial     Yes CFIA  
Blainvillea acmella  Para cress flower  Terrestrial     Yes CFIA  
 Blainvillea dichotoma  Blainvillea dichotoma  Terrestrial     Yes CFIA  
 Blumea lacera  Kakondra  Terrestrial     Yes CFIA   
 Boerhavia diffusa  Red spiderling  Terrestrial  Yes  Yes  CFIA  
 Bothriochloa ischaemum  King ranch bluestem  Terrestrial   Yes Yes  CFIA  
 Bothriochloa laguroides  Silver beardgrass  Terrestrial     Yes CFIA  
Bothriocline laxa  Kapanthi  Terrestrial   Yes   USDA  https://www.aphis.usda.gov/plant_health/plant_pest_info/weeds/downloads/wra/Bothriocline-laxa.pdf
Brachypodium distachyon Purple false brome  Terrestrial   Yes  Yes CFIA  
Brachypodium sylvaticum  False brome  Terrestrial     Yes CFIA  
Brassica carinata  Ethiopean mustard  Terrestrial   Yes Yes  CFIA, USDA  https://www.aphis.usda.gov/plant_health/plant_pest_info/weeds/downloads/wra/Brassica-carinata.pdf
 Brassica tournefortii  Asian mustard Terrestrial     Yes CFIA   
Brenneria salicis (Day)  Watermark disease of willow  Terrestrial         
Bromus madritensis  Compact brome  Terrestrial     Yes CFIA   
Bromus pectinatus  Bromus pectinatus  Terrestrial     Yes CFIA   
 Buddleia davidii  Summer lilac  Terrestrial     Yes CFIA   
 Bulbostylis hispidula  Beard of the lion  Terrestrial   Yes   USDA  https://www.aphis.usda.gov/plant_health/plant_pest_info/weeds/downloads/wra/Bulbostylis-hispidula.pdf
Cajanus cajan  Pigeon pea  Terrestrial     Yes CFIA   
Calendula officinalis  Pot marigold  Terrestrial   Yes   CFIA  
Callipogon relictus Semenov  Asian Callipogon longhorn beetle  Terrestrial   Yes   CFIA  
Camelina microcarpa  Littlepod false flax  Terrestrial     Yes CFIA  
Camelina rumelica Graceful false flax  Terrestrial     Yes CFIA   
 Camelina sativa  Gold-of-pleasure  Terrestrial     Yes CFIA  
Campuloclinium macrocephalum   Pompom weed  Terrestrial     Yes CFIA  
Campylopus introflexus  Heath star moss  Terrestrial     Yes CFIA  
Cardiospermum grandiflorum  Balloon vine  Terrestrial   Yes   USDA  https://www.aphis.usda.gov/plant_health/plant_pest_info/weeds/downloads/wra/Cardiospermum_grandiflorum_WRA.pdf
Carex breviculmis  Short-stem sedge  Terrestrial   Yes   USDA  https://www.aphis.usda.gov/plant_health/plant_pest_info/weeds/downloads/wra/Carex_breviculmis_WRA.pdf
 Carex pendula  Pendulous sedge  Terrestrial   Yes   USDA  https://www.aphis.usda.gov/plant_health/plant_pest_info/weeds/downloads/wra/Carex_pendula_WRA.pdf
 Carlina vulgaris  Carline thistle  Terrestrial   Yes   CFIA  
 Carthamus tenuis  Slender safflower  Terrestrial     Yes CFIA  
 Cassinia arcuata  Drooping cassinia  Terrestrial     Yes CFIA  
 Celastrus orbiculatus   Oriental bittersweet  Terrestrial       Yes IN, NY  https://www.entm.purdue.edu/iisc/pdf/plants/Celastrus_orbiculatus.pdf, http://www.nyis.info/user_uploads/9b927_Celastrus.orbiculatus.NYS.pdf
 Celtis sinensis  Chinese hackberry  Terrestrial     Yes CFIA   
 Cenchrus echinatus  Southern sandspur  Terrestrial   Yes   CFIA  
 Centaurea iberica  Iberian Starthistle  Terrestrial   Yes   CFIA  
 Centaurea phrygia  Wig knapweed  Terrestrial   Yes   CFIA  
 Centaurea solstitialis  Yellow star thistle  Terrestrial     Yes CFIA  
 Centaurea virgata Squarrose knapweed  Terrestrial     Yes CFIA  
 Centrapalus pauciflorus  Vernonia  Terrestrial     Yes CFIA  
 Cerambyx cerdo (Linné)  Great Capricorn beetle  Terrestrial         
 Ceratocystis fagacearum (Bretz) Hunt  Oak wilt          
 Ceratocystis polonica (Siemaszko) C. Moreau  Sap stain   Terrestiral         
 Ceratopteris thalictroides  Water sprite  Terrestrial     Yes CFIA  
 Cestrum elegans  Purple cestrum  Terrestrial     Yes CFIA  
 Cestrum laevigatum  Inkberry  Terrestrial   Yes Yes  CFIA, USDA  https://www.aphis.usda.gov/plant_health/plant_pest_info/weeds/downloads/wra/Cestrum_laevigatum_WRA.pdf
 Chalara fraxinea  Ash dieback pathogen  Terrestrial     Yes CFIA  
 Chloris pycnothrix  Spiderweb chloris  Terrestrial     Yes CFIA  
Choleostephus myconis   Corn marigold  Terrestrial   Yes  Yes CFIA  
Choristoneura murinana (Hübner)  Silver fir shoot tortricid  Terrestrial         
Chrysanthemoides monilifera  Boneseed; Bitou bush  Terrestrial   Yes   USDA  https://www.aphis.usda.gov/plant_health/plant_pest_info/weeds/downloads/wra/Chrysanthemoides_monilifera_WRA.pdf
Chrysomyxa abietis (Wallr.) Unger Spruce needle cushion rust  Terrestrial         
Chrysopogon aciculatus Golden false beardgrass   Terrestrial   Yes   USDA  https://www.aphis.usda.gov/plant_health/plant_pest_info/weeds/downloads/wra/Chrysopogon_aciculatus_WRA.pdf
Chrysopogon zizanioides  Vetiver  Terrestrial     Yes CFIA   
 Cirsium palustrum  European swamp thistile  Terrestrial        
 Coleophora serratella (Linnaeus)  Birch casebearer  Terrestrial         
 Coleophora laricella (Hubner)  Larch casebearer  Terrestrial         
Colophospermum mopane  Mopane  Terrestrial   Yes   USDA   https://www.aphis.usda.gov/plant_health/plant_pest_info/weeds/downloads/wra/Colophospermum_mopane_WRA.pdf
Commelina benghalensis
Benghal dayflower   Terrestrial     Yes CFIA   
Commelina diffusa
Climbing dayflower   Terrestrial     Yes CFIA   
Consolida regalis  Forking larkspur   Terrestrial     Yes CFIA  
Contarinia baeri (Prell)  European pineneedle midge  Terrestrial         
Cordia curassavica  Black sage  Terrestrial   Yes   USDA  https://www.aphis.usda.gov/plant_health/plant_pest_info/weeds/downloads/wra/Cordia_curassavica_WRA.pdf
 Cortaderia jubata Jubata grass   Terrestrial   Yes Yes  CFIA/USDA  https://www.aphis.usda.gov/plant_health/plant_pest_info/weeds/downloads/wra/Cortaderia_jubata_WRA.pdf
Cortaderia richardii
Toetoe   Terrestrial     Yes CFIA   
Cortaderia selloana   Pampas grass  Terrestrial   Yes   USDA  
Cosmos sulphureus   Sulfur cosmos  Terrestrial     Yes CFIA   
Cotoneaster dammeri   Bearberry cotoneaster  Terrestrial     Yes CFIA  
 Cotoneaster horizontalis Rock cotoneaster   Terrestrial     Yes CFIA  
Crambe abyssinica Abyssinian kale   Terrestrial     Yes CFIA  
Crassocephalum crepidioides   Ebolo  Terrestrial   Yes Yes  CFIA  
Cronartium ribicola J.C. Fisch. White pine blister rust  Terrestrial         
Crotalaria juncea
 Brown hemp  Terrestrial     Yes CFIA  
 Crupina vulgaris Bearded creeper   Terrestrial   Yes   CFIA  
 Cryphonectria parasitica (Murrill) Barr Chestnut blight  Terrestrial         
 Cryptococcus fagisuga Lindinger  Beech scale  Terrestrial      Yes NY  http://www.nyis.info/user_uploads/0078e_Cryptococcus%20fagisuga.ecological.pdf
Cryptodiaporthe populea (Sacc.) Butin   Dothichiza canker of poplar  Terrestrial         
Crypturgus pusillus (Eichhoff)   Bark beetle  Terrestrial         
 Cuphea hybrid  Large firecracker plant  Terrestrial   Yes   CFIA  
Cuphea hyssopifolia   False heather  Terrestrial     Yes CFIA  
 Cuphea ignea Cigar plant   Terrestrial    Yes CFIA  
 Cuphea llavea  Bat faced cuphea  Terrestrial     Yes CFIA   
 Cuphea procumbens  Creeping waxweed  Terrestrial     Yes CFIA  
 Cuscuta approximata Alfalfa dodder   Terrestrial   Yes  Yes CFIA  
 Cuscuta australis  Australian dodder  Terrestrial     Yes CFIA  
 Cuscuta cassytoides  African dodder  Terrestrial     Yes CFIA  
 Cuscuta chinensis Semen cuscutae   Terrestrial   Yes Yes  CFIA  
Cuscuta epilinum  Flax dodder   Terrestrial   Yes Yes  CFIA   
 Cuscuta epithymum  Clover dodder  Terrestrial     Yes CFIA  
Cuscuta europaea   European dodder  Terrestrial   Yes  Yes CFIA  
Cuscuta japonica
 Japanese dodder  Terrestrial     Yes CFIA   
Cuscuta monogyna  Yellow dodder   Terrestrial     Yes CFIA   
Cuscuta reflexa   Giant dodder  Terrestrial     Yes CFIA  
Cuscuta suaveolens
Fringed dodder   Terrestrial   Yes Yes  CFIA  
 Cussonia spicata Spiked cabbage tree   Terrestrial     Yes CFIA   
Cyamopsis tetragonoloba
Guar  Terrestrial     Yes CFIA   
 Cyanotis axillaris Creeping cradle plant   Terrestrial     Yes CFIA   
Cynanchum louiseae Black swallow-wort  Terrestrial      Yes IN, NY  https://www.entm.purdue.edu/iisc/pdf/plants/Cynanchum_louiseae.pdf, http://www.nyis.info/user_uploads/6c8ef_Cynanchum.louiseae.NYS.pdf
Cynanchum rossicum Dog-strangling vine  Terrestrial      Yes IN, NY  https://www.entm.purdue.edu/iisc/pdf/plants/Cynanchum_rossicum.pdf, http://www.nyis.info/user_uploads/0f96d_Cynanchum.rossicum.NYS.pdf
Cynoglossum lanceolatum  Hound's tongue forget-me-not   Terrestrial     Yes CFIA   
Cyperus exaltatus  Giant sedge  Terrestrial     Yes CFIA   
Cyperus flavidus  Yellow flatsedge   Terrestrial     Yes CFIA  
Cyperus rotundus  Nut grass  Terrestrial   Yes   CFIA  
Dactyloctenium aegyptium  Egyption crowfoot grass  Terrestrial     Yes CFIA   
Delairea odorata  Cape ivy   Terrestrial   Yes   USDA  https://www.aphis.usda.gov/plant_health/plant_pest_info/weeds/downloads/wra/Delairea_odorata_WRA.pdf
Dendroctonus ponderosae  Mountain pine beetle  Terrestrial    Yes   NRCan, CCFM http://cfs.nrcan.gc.ca/pubwarehouse/pdfs/35406.pdf

Dendroctonus armandi (Tsai & Li) Large pitch tube bark beetle  Terrestrial         
Dendroctonus micans (Kugelann) Great spruce bark beetle  Terrestrial         
Dendrolimus sibiricus (Tschetverikov) Siberian coniferous silk moth
 Terrestrial         
Dendrolimus superans (Butler)  Siberian silk moth
 Terrestrial         
Desmostachya bipinnata   Halfa grass  Terrestrial     Yes CFIA   
Dicksonia antarctica Australian tree fern  Terrestrial     Yes CFIA   
Digitaria abyssinica   African couchgrass  Terrestrial     Yes CFIA   
Digitaria ciliaris   Southern crabgrass  Terrestrial     Yes CFIA  
Digitaria ternata   Crabgrass  Terrestrial     Yes CFIA   
Digitaria velutina   Velvet fingergrass  Terrestrial     Yes CFIA   
Dioscorea polystachya Chinese yam   Terrestrial   Yes   Yes CFIA, IN  https://www.entm.purdue.edu/iisc/pdf/plants/Dioscorea_polystachya.pdf
Diprion similis (Hartig)
Introduced pine sawfly Terrestrial          
Discula destructiva Redlin  Dogwood anthracnose  Terrestrial          
Dittrichia graveolens
Stinkwort  Terrestrial    Yes   USDA https://www.aphis.usda.gov/plant_health/plant_pest_info/weeds/downloads/wra/Dittrichia_graveolens_WRA.pdf 
Dolichandra unguis-cati   Cat's-claw  Terrestrial   Yes   USDA  https://www.aphis.usda.gov/plant_health/plant_pest_info/weeds/downloads/wra/Dolichandra_unguis-cati_WRA.pdf
Dreyfusia nordmannianae (Börner)   Silver fir woolly adelgid  Terrestrial         
Dryocosmus kuriphilus   Chestnut gall wasp  Terrestrial     Yes CFIA   
Echinochloa colonum  Jungle rice   Terrestrial   Yes   CFIA  
Echinochloa pyramidalis  Antelope grass   Terrestrial   Yes   USDA  https://www.aphis.usda.gov/plant_health/plant_pest_info/weeds/downloads/wra/Echinochloa_pyramidalis_WRA.pdf
Echium plantagineum   Purple viper's bugloss  Terrestrial  Yes    CFIA  
 Elaeagnus angustifolia  Russian olive  Terrestrial      Yes NY  http://www.nyis.info/user_uploads/9637b_Elaeagnus.angustifolia.NYS.pdf
Elaeagnus umbellata   Autumn olive  Terrestrial     Yes IN, NY  https://www.entm.purdue.edu/iisc/pdf/plants/Eleagnus_umbellata.pdf, http://www.nyis.info/user_uploads/128ee_Elaeagnus.umbellata.NYS.pdf
Eleusine coracana   Finger millet  Terrestrial     Yes CFIA  
Eleusine indica   Indian goosegrass  Terrestrial     Yes CFIA  
Eleutherococcus senticosus   Siberian ginseng  Terrestrial     Yes CFIA  
Emex australis  Devil's thorn  Terrestrial     Yes CFIA   
Emex spinosa   Devil's thorn  Terrestrial     Yes CFIA  
Eragrostis tef   Williams lovegrass  Terrestrial     Yes CFIA  
Erigeron bonariensis   Flax-leaf Fleabane  Terrestrial   Yes Yes  CFIA  
Eriochloa villosa  Woolly cup grass  Terrestrial   Yes   CFIA  
Erucaria hispanica  Spanish pink mustard   Terrestrial     Yes CFIA  
 Euonymus alatus  Winged Euronymus  Terrestrial      Yes IN  https://www.entm.purdue.edu/iisc/pdf/plants/Euonymus_alatus.pdf
 Euonymus europaeus  European spindletree  Terrestrial      Yes NY  http://www.nyis.info/user_uploads/b3c3d_Euonymus.europaeus.NYS.pdf
 Euphorbia esula  Leafy spurge  Terrestrial      Yes IN  https://www.entm.purdue.edu/iisc/pdf/plants/Euphorbia_esula.pdf
Euphorbia hirta  Asthma plant   Terrestrial     Yes CFIA  
Euphorbia lagascae  Euphorbia lagascae  Terrestrial     Yes CFIA  
Falcaria vulgaris  Sickleweed   Terrestrial   Yes Yes  CFIA, USDA   https://www.aphis.usda.gov/plant_health/plant_pest_info/weeds/downloads/wra/Falcaria_vulgaris_WRA.pdf
Fargesia rufa   Fountain bamboo  Terrestrial     Yes CFIA   
 Fenusa pusilla (Lepeletier)  Birch leafminer   Terrestrial         
 Ficaria verna Fig buttercup   Terrestrial   Yes   USDA https://www.aphis.usda.gov/plant_health/plant_pest_info/weeds/downloads/wra/ficaria-verna.pdf 
 Fuirena ciliaris  Umbrella grass  Terrestrial     Yes CFIA   
Fumaria parviflora  Fineleaf fumitory   Terrestrial   Yes Yes  CFIA   
 Galega officinalis  French lilac  Terrestrial   Yes Yes  CFIA, IN, NY  https://www.entm.purdue.edu/iisc/pdf/plants/Galega_officinalis.pdf, http://www.nyis.info/user_uploads/e8c7b_Galega.officinalis.NYS.pdf
 Galium verrucosum  Warty bedstraw Terrestrial      Yes CFIA   
Geosmithia morbida  M. Kolarík, E. Freeland, C. Utley & Tisserat   Thousand Canker Disease  Terrestrial      Yes IN  http://www.nyis.info/user_uploads/d1e38_Geosmithia%20morbida.ecological.pdf
 Geranium dissectum  Cut-leaved Crane's-bill  Terrestrial     Yes CFIA  
Geranium lucidum  Shining cranesbill   Terrestrial   Yes   USDA  
Gevuina avellana   Chilean hazel  Terrestrial     Yes CFIA  
Gilpinia hercyniae (Hartig)  European spruce sawfly  Terrestrial          
Gladiolus undulatus   Large painted lady  Terrestrial   Yes Yes  CFIA, USDA   https://www.aphis.usda.gov/plant_health/plant_pest_info/weeds/downloads/wra/Gladiolus_undulatus_WRA.pdf
Glyceria maxima   Reed or giant manna grass Terrestrial       Yes NY  http://www.nyis.info/user_uploads/e59b0_Glyceria.maxima.NYS.pdf
 Glycine max  Soybeans  Terrestrial   Yes   USDA https://www.aphis.usda.gov/plant_health/plant_pest_info/weeds/downloads/wra/Glycine-max.pdf 
 Glycine max (GE herbicide resistant) Soybeans (GE herbicide resistant)   Terrestrial   Yes   USDA  https://www.aphis.usda.gov/plant_health/plant_pest_info/weeds/downloads/wra/Glycine-max.pdf
Gnaphalium affine  Jersey cudweed   Terrestrial     Yes CFIA   
Gremmeniella abietina var. Eu (Lagerberg) Morele Scleroderris canker, European strain   Terrestrial   Yes   CFIA   
Gundelia tournefortii   Galgal  Terrestrial     Yes CFIA   
Gynandropsis gynandra   Shona cabbage  Terrestrial   Yes Yes  CFIA   
Gypsophila paniculata  Baby's breath  Terrestrial         
Hakea gibbosa   Hairy hakea  Terrestrial   Yes Yes  CFIA,
USDA
https://www.aphis.usda.gov/plant_health/plant_pest_info/weeds/downloads/wra/Hakea_gibbosa_WRA.pdf 
Hakea salicifolia  Willow-leaved hakea   Terrestrial   Yes Yes  CFIA,
USDA
 https://www.aphis.usda.gov/plant_health/plant_pest_info/weeds/downloads/wra/Hakea_salicifolia_WRA.pdf
Hakea sericea   Needlebush  Terrestrial   Yes Yes  CFIA, USDA   https://www.aphis.usda.gov/plant_health/plant_pest_info/weeds/downloads/wra/Hakea_sericea_WRA.pdf
 Halogeton glomeratus  Saltlover Terrestrial   Yes   CFIA  
 Hedra helix  English ivy  Terrestrial      Yes NY  http://www.nyis.info/user_uploads/14a3b_Hedera.helix.NYS.pdf
Hedychium gardnerianum   Kahili ginger lily  Terrestrial   Yes   USDA  https://www.aphis.usda.gov/plant_health/plant_pest_info/weeds/downloads/wra/Hedychium_gardnerianum_WRA.pdf
Hedysarum coronarium French honeysuckle   Terrestrial    Yes CFIA  
 Heliotropium europaeum  European heliotrope  Terrestrial   Yes   USDA  https://www.aphis.usda.gov/plant_health/plant_pest_info/weeds/downloads/wra/Heliotropium_europaeum.pdf
Heracleum mantegazzianum   Giant hogweed  Terrestrial   Yes  Yes CFIA, IN, NY  https://www.entm.purdue.edu/iisc/pdf/plants/Heracleum_mantegazzianum.pdf, http://www.nyis.info/user_uploads/2575f_Heracleum.mantegazzianum.NYS.pdf
Hesperis matronalis  Dame's rocket       Yes IN, NY  https://www.entm.purdue.edu/iisc/pdf/plants/Hesperis_matronalis.pdf, http://www.nyis.info/user_uploads/ff2f5_Hesperis.matronalis.NYS.pdf
Hibiscus cannabinus  Kenaf   Terrestrial     Yes CFIA  
Hippophae rhamnoides  Common sea-buckthorn   Terrestrial     Yes CFIA, IN   https://www.entm.purdue.edu/iisc/pdf/plants/Rhamnus_cathartica.pdf
Holcus mollis   Creepins soft grass  Terrestrial   Yes  Yes CFIA  
Hordeum vulgare spontaneum  Wild barley  Terrestrial   Yes Yes  CFIA  
 Hylesinus varius (Fabricius)  Ash bark beetle  Terrestrial         
Hylurgops palliatus  Lesser spruce shootbeetle   Terrestrial   Yes   CFIA  
 Hylurgus ligniperda  Red-haired pine bark beetle  Terrestrial   Yes   CFIA  
 Hypochaeris glabra  Smooth cat's ear  Terrestrial     Yes CFIA  
 Ibicella lutea  Devil's claw  Terrestrial     Yes CFIA  
Impatiens glandulifera  Himalayan balsam   Terrestrial      NY  http://www.nyis.info/user_uploads/f36a7_Impatiens.glandulifera.NYS.pdf
 Impatiens parviflora  Smallflower touch-me-not  Terrestrial   Yes   USDA  https://www.aphis.usda.gov/plant_health/plant_pest_info/weeds/downloads/wra/Impatiens_parviflora_WRA.pdf
 Imperata cylindrica  Blady grass  Terrestrial   Yes  Yes CFIA   
Inula britannica   British yellowhead  Terrestrial   Yes Yes  CFIA  
 Ipomoea biflora  Bell vine  Terrestrial   Yes   USDA  https://www.aphis.usda.gov/plant_health/plant_pest_info/weeds/downloads/wra/Ipomoea-biflora.pdf
 Ipomoea hederacea  Ivy-leaved morning glory  Terrestrial     Yes CFIA   
Ipomoea lacunosa  Whitestar potato   Terrestrial     Yes CFIA   
 Ips hauseri (Reitter) Hauser's engraver  Terrestrial          
 Ips sexdentatus (Boerner) Six-spined engraver beetle   Terrestrial         
 Ips subelongatus  Larch bark beetle  Terrestrial         
 Ips typographus L.  European spruce bark beetle  Terrestrial         
 Iris pseudacorus  Yellow flag iris  Terrestrial   Yes   USDA   https://www.aphis.usda.gov/plant_health/plant_pest_info/weeds/downloads/wra/Iris_pseudacorus_WRA.pdf
Ischaemum muticum   Bamboo grass  Terrestrial     Yes CFIA   
Jasminum humile   Italian jasmine  Terrestrial   Yes   CFIA  
 Jatropha curcas  Barbados nut  Terrestrial   Yes Yes  CFIA, USDA   https://www.aphis.usda.gov/plant_health/plant_pest_info/weeds/downloads/wra/Jatropha-curcas.pdf
 Jatropha gossypiifolia  Bellyache bush  Terrestrial    Yes CFIA   
 Jatropha podagrica Buddha belly plant  Terrestrial     Yes CFIA   
 Jovellana punctata Tea cup flower   Terrestrial     Yes CFIA  
 Kyllinga polyphylla  Navua sedge  Terrestrial     Yes CFIA   
 Kyllinga pulchella  Kyllinga pulchella  Terrestrial     Yes CFIA   
 Lablab purpureus  Hyacinth bean  Terrestrial     Yes CFIA   
 Lachnellula willkommii (Hartig) Dennis  European larch canker  Terrestrial   Yes   CFIA  
 Lactuca orientalis Split-leaf lettuce   Terrestrial     Yes CFIA  
 Leptochloa panicea  Mucronate sprangletop  Terrestrial   Yes   CFIA  
 Lespedeza cuneata  Chinese bushclover  Terrestrial   Yes  Yes CFIA, IN  https://www.entm.purdue.edu/iisc/pdf/plants/Lespedeza_kummerowia_spp.pdf
Leucanthemum paludosum  Snowland oxeye daisy  Terrestrial     Yes CFIA  
 Leucas martinicensis  Whitewort  Terrestrial     Yes CFIA  
 Leucojum aestivum  Summer snowflake  Terrestrial     Yes CFIA  
 Leymus arenarius   Lyme-grass  Terrestrial         
Ligustrum obtusifolium   Border privet  Terrestrial     Yes CFIA, IN  https://www.entm.purdue.edu/iisc/pdf/plants/Ligustrum_spp.pdf
 Ligustrum sinense  Chinese privet  Terrestrial   Yes   Yes USDA, NY  https://www.aphis.usda.gov/plant_health/plant_pest_info/weeds/downloads/wra/Ligustrum_sinense_WRA.pdf, http://www.nyis.info/user_uploads/28f33_Ligustrum.sinense.NYS.pdf
 Ligustrum vulgare Privet   Terrestrial      Yes IN, NY  https://www.entm.purdue.edu/iisc/pdf/plants/Ligustrum_spp.pdf, http://www.nyis.info/user_uploads/1fb8a_Ligustrum.vulgare.NYS.pdf
 Limnanthes alba  White meadowfam  Terrestrial   Yes  Yes CFIA   
 Linaria dalmatica  Balkan toadflax  Terrestrial 
Yes  CFIA   
 Linaria genistifolia  Broomleaf toadflax  Terrestrial   Yes Yes  CFIA   
 Linaria repens  Striped toadflax  Terrestrial     Yes CFIA  
 Linaria vulgaris  Common toadflax  Terrestrial     Yes CFIA   
 Linum bienne  Pale flax  Terrestrial    Yes  CFIA   
 Linum decumbens  Linum decumbens  Terrestrial     Yes CFIA   
 Linum setaceum  Linum setaceum  Terrestrial     Yes CFIA   
 Linum stelleroides  Linum stelleroides  Terrestrial     Yes CFIA   
 Linum strictum  Upright flax Terrestrial      Yes CFIA   
 Liriope muscari  Big blue lilyturf  Terrestrial     Yes CFIA   
 Lolium rigidum  Rigid ryegrass  Terrestrial   Yes Yes  CFIA   
 Lonicera japonica  Japanese honeysuckle  Terrestrial      Yes IN, NY  https://www.entm.purdue.edu/iisc/pdf/plants/Lonicera_japonica.pdf, http://www.nyis.info/user_uploads/854e3_Lonicera.japonica.NYS.pdf
 Lonicera maacki  Amur honeysuckle  Terrestrial      Yes IN, NY  https://www.entm.purdue.edu/iisc/pdf/plants/Lonicera_maackii_morrowii_tatartica_xbella.pdf, http://www.nyis.info/user_uploads/e4b40_Lonicera.maackii.NYS.pdf
 Lonicera morrowi  Morrow's honeysuckle  Terrestrial         
 Lonicera tatarica  Tatarian honeysuckle  Terrestrial      Yes IN  https://www.entm.purdue.edu/iisc/pdf/plants/Lonicera_maackii_morrowii_tatartica_xbella.pdf
 Lonicera xbella  Bell's honeysuckle  Terrestrial         
 Lupinus luteus  Annual yellow-lupin  Terrestrial     Yes CFIA   
 Lymantria dispar (Linnaeus)  Gypsy moth  Terrestrial      NY  http://www.nyis.info/user_uploads/9ccc3_Lymantria%20dispar%20Ecological.pdf
 Lymantria mathura Moore  Rosy (pink) gypsy moth  Terrestrial         
 Lymantria monacha  Nun moth  Terrestrial         
Malacosoma neustria (Linné)   European tent caterpillar  Terrestrial         
Malva nicaeensis  Bull mallow  Terrestrial     Yes CFIA   
Megathyrsus maximus  Guinea grass  Terrestrial     Yes CFIA   
 Melampsora larici-populina Kleb.  Poplar leaf rust  Terrestrial         
Melianthus comosus  Honey flower  Terrestrial     Yes CFIA   
 Melilotus alba  White sweet clover  Terrestrial      IN  https://www.entm.purdue.edu/iisc/pdf/plants/Melilotus_spp.pdf
 Melilotus officinalis   Yellow sweet clover  Terrestrial     IN  https://www.entm.purdue.edu/iisc/pdf/plants/Melilotus_spp.pdf
Microciturs australasica  Citrus australiasica  Terrestrial     Yes CFIA   
Microstegium viminium  Japanese silt grass  Terrestrial   Yes   CFIA  
Mikania micrantha  Bitter vine  Terrestrial   Yes Yes  CFIA, USDA   https://www.aphis.usda.gov/plant_health/plant_pest_info/weeds/downloads/wra/Mikania_micrantha_WRA.pdf
Milum vernale   Spring millet grass  Terrestrial   Yes   CFIA  
Mimosa pudica   Sensitive plant  Terrestrial   Yes   USDA  https://www.aphis.usda.gov/plant_health/plant_pest_info/weeds/downloads/wra/Mimosa_pudica.pdf
Miscanthus giganteus  Giant Chinese silver grass  Terrestrial   Yes   CFIA  
 Mollugo pentaphylla  Five leaved carpetweed  Terrestrial     Yes CFIA   
 Monochamus sartor (Fabricius)  Monochamus sartor  Terrestrial         
 Monochamus urussovi (Fischer) Black fir sawyer beetle   Terrestrial         
Mucuna pruriens   Velvet bean  Terrestrial     Yes CFIA   
 Myoporum laetum  Mousehole tree  Terrestrial     Yes CFIA  
 Nassella charruana  Lobed needlegrass  Terrestrial     Yes CFIA   
 Nassella hyalina Cane needlegrass   Terrestrial     Yes CFIA   
 Nassella leucotricha  Texas wintergrass  Terrestrial     Yes CFIA  
 Nassella megapotamica  Purple needlegrass  Terrestrial     Yes CFIA   
 Nassella neesiana  Chilean needlegrass  Terrestrial   Yes Yes  CFIA, USDA   https://www.aphis.usda.gov/plant_health/plant_pest_info/weeds/downloads/wra/Nassella_neesiana_WRA.pdf
 Nassella tenuissima Mexican feather grass   Terrestrial   Yes   CFIA   
 Nassella trichotoma  Serrated tussock  Terrestrial   Yes   CFIA   
 Neodiprion sertifer (Geoffroy) European pine sawfly   Terrestrial         
Neonectria faginata (Lohman et al.) Castl.   Beech bark disease  Terrestrial         
 Nepeta sibirica  Catmint  Terrestrial     Yes CFIA   
Notobasis syriaca   Syrian thistle  Terrestrial     Yes CFIA   
 Oberea linearis (Linné)  Hazelnut longhorned beetle  Terrestrial         
 Oberea oculata (Linné) Eyed longhorn beetle   Terrestrial         
 Olea europaea  Olive  Terrestrial     Yes CFIA   
Oplismenus hirtellus undulatifolius  Wavyleaf basketgrass  Terrestrial   Yes  Yes CFIA,USDA, NY  https://www.aphis.usda.gov/plant_health/plant_pest_info/weeds/downloads/wra/Oplismenus_hirtellus_spp_undulatifolius_WRA.pdf, http://www.nyis.info/user_uploads/d4723_Oplismenus.hirtellus.NYS.pdf
 Opuntia stricta Erect prickly pear   Terrestrial   Yes   CFIA   
 Orchestes fagi  Beech leaf-mining weevil  Terrestrial   Yes  Yes CFIA  
 Orgyia antiqua (L.)  Rusty tussock moth  Terrestrial        
 Oryza sativa  Asian rice  Terrestrial     Yes CFIA   
 Ottochloa nodosa  Slender panic grass  Terrestrial     Yes CFIA   
Oxalis articulata  Pink-sorrel   Terrestrial     Yes CFIA   
 Oxalis latifolia  Garden pink-sorrel  Terrestrial     Yes CFIA   
Oxalis perdicaria   Citrino  Terrestrial     Yes CFIA   
 Oxygonum sinuatum Oxygonum sinuatum   Terrestrial     Yes CFIA  
Papaver somniferum   Opium poppy  Terrestrial     Yes CFIA   
Parthenium hysterophorus   Santa Maria feverfew  Terrestrial     Yes CFIA, European Commission  https://circabc.europa.eu/faces/jsp/extension/wai/navigation/container.jsp?FormPrincipal:_idcl=FormPrincipal:_id1&FormPrincipal_SUBMIT=1&id=0944c633-2ebc-4f14-810e-51e9aef15465&javax.faces.ViewState=UWgbOQAb54PkidIxBi8O0bDDEZrBmjUvpstXh0lrecUf7ZtApMX4DXmmUtzbDXCFCe9a9srwCtRKcdYAQNb6ntf7MhoMsGDNusV4y0z9ImZUCi2M5WptN6%2B6D8SX8RDu8gCXFO0bC6WknZ5XjWr1FHkEkxxQXqNr74NapQ%3D%3D
 Paspalum dilatatum  Dallisgrass  Terrestrial   Yes   CFIA   
Paspalum distichum   Knotgrass  Terrestrial   Yes   CFIA  
 Paspalum laeve  Field beadgrass  Terrestrial     Yes CFIA  
Paspalum scrobiculatum  Kodo millet   Terrestrial     Yes CFIA  
 Passiflora apetala Bat-wing passion flower   Terrestrial     Yes CFIA   
 Pastinaca sativa  wild parsnip  Terrestrial      Yes IN  https://www.entm.purdue.edu/iisc/pdf/plants/Pastinaca_sativa.pdf
Paulownia elongata   Paulownia elongata  Terrestrial     Yes CFIA   
 Paulownia fortunei (Seem.) Hemsl.  Dragon tree  Terrestrial     Yes CFIA   
 Paulownia hybrid  Paulownia hybrid  Terrestrial     Yes CFIA  
Paulownia tomentosa   Empress tree  Terrestrial     Yes CFIA, NY  http://www.nyis.info/user_uploads/b5e88_Paulownia.tomentosa.NYS.pdf
 Peganum harmala  Esfand  Terrestrial   Yes
CFIA  
 Pennisetum clandestinum  Kikuyu grass  Terrestrial     Yes CFIA  
 Pennisetum purpureum  Napier grass  Terrestrial    Yes CFIA  
 Perilla frutescens  Beefsteak plant  Terrestrial   Yes Yes  CFIA   
 Persicaria chinensis  Chinese knotweed  Terrestrial   Yes   USDA  https://www.aphis.usda.gov/plant_health/plant_pest_info/weeds/downloads/wra/Persicaria_chinensis_WRA.pdf
 Persicaria nepalensis  Nepal knotweed  Terrestrial  Yes   USDA  https://www.aphis.usda.gov/plant_health/plant_pest_info/weeds/downloads/wra/Persicaria-nepalensis.pdf
 Persicaria perfoliata  Mile-a-minute weed  Terrestrial   Yes Yes  CFIA, NY  http://www.nyis.info/user_uploads/a9b18_Persicaria.perfoliata.NYS.pdf
 Persicaria thunbergii  Persicaria thunbergii  Terrestrial     Yes CFIA  
 Phacelia tanacetifolia  Blue tansy  Terrestrial     Yes CFIA  
Phalaris brachystachys   Shortspike canarygrass  Terrestrial     Yes CFIA  
 Phalaris minor  Littleseed canarygrass Terrestrial     Yes CFIA  
 Phalaris paradoxa  Awned canarygrass  Terrestrial    Yes CFIA  
 Phellodendron amurense  Amur cork tree  Terrestrial     Yes CFIA, NY, IN  https://www.entm.purdue.edu/iisc/pdf/plants/Phellodendron_amurense.pdf, http://www.nyis.info/user_uploads/38285_Phellodendron.amurense.NYS.pdf
 Phoradendron leucarpum  American mistletoe  Terrestrial   Yes Yes  CFIA   
 Phyllanthus maderaspatensis  Canoe weed  Terrestrial   Yes   USDA  https://www.aphis.usda.gov/plant_health/plant_pest_info/weeds/downloads/wra/Phyllanthus_maderaspatensis_WRA.pdf
 Phyllostachys aureosulcata  Yellow groove bamboo  Terrestrial   Yes   USDA, NY  https://www.aphis.usda.gov/plant_health/plant_pest_info/weeds/downloads/wra/Phyllostachys_aureosulcata_WRA.pdf, http://www.nyis.info/user_uploads/6ab45_Phyllostachys.aureosulcata_and_P.aurea.NYS.pdf
 Phyllostachys bissetii  Bisset's bamboo  Terrestrial     Yes CFIA  
 Phytophthora ramorum (Pr)  Ramorum blight; Sudden Oak Death Terrestrial   Yes  Yes CFIA, NY  http://www.nyis.info/user_uploads/480c9_Phytophthora%20ramorum.ecological.pdf
 Picnomon acarna  Soldier thistle  Terrestrial     Yes CFIA  
 Pilea hyalina  Pilea hyalina  Terrestrial   Yes   USDA  https://www.aphis.usda.gov/plant_health/plant_pest_info/weeds/downloads/wra/Pilea_hyalina_WRA.pdf
 Pinellia ternata  Crow-dipper  Terrestrial   Yes Yes  CFIA, NY  http://www.nyis.info/user_uploads/3e67b_Pinellia.ternata.NYS.pdf
 Pinus pinaster  Maritime pine  Terrestrial   Yes   CFIA   
 Pissodes harcyniae (Herbst)  Spruce weevil  Terrestrial         
 Pistacia chinensis  Chinese pistache  Terrestrial  Yes   USDA  https://www.aphis.usda.gov/plant_health/plant_pest_info/weeds/downloads/wra/Pistacia_chinensis_WRA.pdf
 Pithecoctenium crucigerum  Monkey comb  Terrestrial   Yes  Yes CFIA  
 Pityogenes chalcographus (Linné)  Six-spined spruce bark beetle  Terrestrial         
 Pleioblastus argenteostriatus  Argenteostriatus bamboo  Terrestrial     Yes CFIA  
 Pleioblastus fortunei  Dwarf whitestripe Terrestrial      Yes CFIA  
 Polygonum cuspidatum  Japanese knotweed  Terrestrial     Yes NY   http://www.nyis.info/user_uploads/19e83_Fallopia.japonica-sachalinensis.NYS.pdf
 Polygonum sachalinense  Giant knotweed  Terrestrial        
 Praxelis clematidea  Praxelis  Terrestrial   Yes Yes  CFIA, USDA   https://www.aphis.usda.gov/plant_health/plant_pest_info/weeds/downloads/wra/Praxelis_clematidea.pdf
 Pristiphora erichsonii (Hartig)  Larch sawfly  Terrestrial         
 Pristiphora geniculata (Htg.)  Mountain ash sawfly  Terrestrial         
 Proboscidea louisianica  Common devil's claw  Terrestrial     Yes CFIA  
 Profenusa thomsoni (Konow)  Ambermarked birch leafminer  Terrestrial         
 Pueraria montana  Kudzu  Terrestrial   Yes  Yes CFIA, IN, NY  https://www.entm.purdue.edu/iisc/pdf/plants/Pueraria_montana.pdf, http://www.nyis.info/user_uploads/522ce_Pueraria.montana.NYS.pdf
 Rauvolfia vomitoria   Poison devil's pepper  Terrestrial     Yes CFIA  
 Rhamnus alaternus  Italian buckthorn  Terrestrial     Yes CFIA   
 Rhamnus cathartica  Common buckthorn  Terrestrial     Yes IN, NY  https://www.entm.purdue.edu/iisc/pdf/plants/Rhamnus_cathartica.pdf, http://www.nyis.info/user_uploads/c1b35_Rhamnus.cathartica.NYS.pdf
 Rhamnus frangula  Glossy buckthorn  Terrestrial         
 Rhodotypos scandens  Black jetbead  Terrestrial     Yes NY  http://www.nyis.info/user_uploads/a4ab3_Rhodotypos.scandens.NYS.pdf
 Rhyacionia buoliana (Denis and Schiffermuller)  European pine shoot moth  Terrestrial         
Richardia brasiliensis  Mexican clover  Terrestrial     Yes CFIA  
 Robinia pseudoacacia   Black locust  Terrestrial    Yes NY  http://www.nyis.info/user_uploads/97fa0_Robinia.pseudoacacia.NYS.pdf
 Rosa multiflora   Multiflora rose  Terrestrial     Yes IN, NY  https://www.entm.purdue.edu/iisc/pdf/plants/Rosa_multiflora.pdf, 
 Rottboellia cochinchinensis  Itchgrass  Terrestrial   Yes Yes  CFIA  
 Rubus alceifolius  Giant bramble  Terrestrial     Yes CFIA  
 Rumex nepalensis Rumex nepalensis   Terrestrial     Yes CFIA  
 Rumex sagittatus  Rambling dock  Terrestrial   Yes  Yes CFIA,
USDA
 https://www.aphis.usda.gov/plant_health/plant_pest_info/weeds/downloads/wra/Rumex_sagittatus_WRA.pdf
 Saccharum spontaneum  Wild sugarcane  Terrestrial   Yes  Yes CFIA   
 Saperda carcharias (Linné)  Large poplar longhorned beetle  Terrestrial         
 Saperda perforata (Pallas)  Saperda perforata  Terrestrial         
 Scolytus jacobsoni (Spessivtsev, 1919)  Elm bark beetle  Terrestrial   Yes   CFIA  
 Scolytus multistriatus (Marsham)  Smaller European elm bark beetle  Terrestrial         
 Scolytus schevyrewi Semenov  Banded elm bark beetle  Terrestrial   Yes   CFIA  
 Scolytus intricatus (Ratzeburg)  European oak bark beetle  Terrestrial        
Scolytus morawitzi (Semenov)   Morawitz's bark beetle  Terrestrial        
 Scolytus ratzeburgi ratzeburgi (Janson)  Birch bark beetle  Terrestrial         
 Scorzonera tau-saghyz  Tau-saghyz  Terrestrial     Yes CFIA  
 Senecio angulatus  Creeping groundsel  Terrestrial   Yes Yes  CFIA,
USDA
 https://www.aphis.usda.gov/plant_health/plant_pest_info/weeds/downloads/wra/Senecio_angulatus_WRA.pdf
 Senecio inaequidens  Narrow-leaved ragwort  Terrestrial   Yes Yes  CFIA   
 Senecio madagascariensis  Madagascar ragwort  Terrestrial   Yes   CFIA  
 Senecio pterophorus  African daisy  Terrestrial   Yes  CFIA  
 Senecio vernalis  Spring groundsel  Terrestrial     Yes CFIA  
 Senegalia catechu  Catechu  Terrestrial     Yes CFIA  
 Setaria pumila pallidefusca  Cattail grass  Terrestrial     Yes CFIA  
 Sida acuta  Common wireweed  Terrestrial    Yes CFIA  
 Sideritis montana  Mountain ironwort  Terrestrial   Yes Yes  CFIA,
USDA
 https://www.aphis.usda.gov/plant_health/plant_pest_info/weeds/downloads/wra/Sideritis_montana_WRA.pdf
 Silene pendula  Peach blossom  Terrestrial     Yes CFIA  
 Sirex noctilio  Sirex woodwasp  Terrestrial  Yes   Yes CFIA, NY  http://www.nyis.info/user_uploads/537d2_Sirex%20noctilio.ecological.pdf
 Sirex rufiabdominis (Xiao & Wu)  Red-bodied horntail  Terrestrial         
 Sium sisarum  Skirret  Terrestrial     Yes CFIA  
 Solandra maxima  Gold vine  Terrestrial     Yes CFIA  
 Solanum aviculare  Poroporo  Terrestrial     Yes CFIA  
 Solanum elaeagnifolium  Silverleaf nightshade  Terrestrial   Yes   CFIA  
 Solanum sisymbriifolium  Sticky nightshade  Terrestrial   Yes  Yes CFIA, USDA   https://www.aphis.usda.gov/plant_health/plant_pest_info/weeds/downloads/wra/Solanum_sisymbriifolium_WRA.pdf
 Soliva sessilis  Field burrweed  Terrestrial   Yes   CFIA  
 Sorghum bicolor drummondii  Shattercane  Terrestrial   Yes   USDA  https://www.aphis.usda.gov/plant_health/plant_pest_info/weeds/downloads/wra/sorghum-bicolor-drummondii.pdf
 Sorghum halepense  Johnsongrass  Terrestrial   Yes  Yes USDA, IN  https://www.aphis.usda.gov/plant_health/plant_pest_info/weeds/downloads/wra/sorghum-halepense.pdf, https://www.entm.purdue.edu/iisc/pdf/plants/Sorghum_halepense.pdf
 Spermacoce alata  Winged false buttonweed  Terrestrial     Yes CFIA  
 Syringa josikaea  Hungarian lilac  Terrestrial     Yes CFIA  
 Syringa komarowii reflexa  Nodding lilac  Terrestrial     Yes CFIA  
 Syringa oblata  Early lilac  Terrestrial     Yes CFIA  
 Syringa pubescens microphylla  Littleleaf lilac  Terrestrial     Yes CFIA  
 Syringa reticulata  Japanese tree lilac  Terrestrial     Yes CFIA, NY  http://www.nyis.info/user_uploads/a3c7f_Syringa.reticulata.NYS.pdf
 Syringa villosa   Late lilac  Terrestrial     Yes CFIA   
 Syringa wolfii  Wolf's lilac  Terrestrial     Yes CFIA  
 Taeniatherum caput-medusae  Medusahead  Terrestrial  Yes    CFIA  
 Taeniothrips inconsequens (Uzel)  Pear thrips  Terrestrial         
 Tagetes minuta  Southern cane marigold  Terrestrial     Yes CFIA  
 Tamarix sp.  Salt cedar  Terrestrial  Yes    CFIA  
 Taraxacum kok-saghyz  Kazakh dandelion  Terrestrial   Yes Yes  CFIA   
 Tarchonanthus camphoratus  Camphor bush  Terrestrial    Yes  CFIA   
 Tetranychus viennensis   Hawthorn spider mite  Terrestrial         
 Tetropium fuscum (Fabricius)  Brown spruce longhorn beetle  Terrestrial   Yes   CFIA  
 Tetropium castaneum (Linnaeus, 1758)  Black spruce beetle  Terrestrial         
 Tetropium gracilicorne (Reitter)  Thin-antenna spruce borer  Terrestrial         
 Thesium arvense  Thesium arvense  Terrestrial     Yes CFIA   
 Thlaspi arvense  Field pennygrass  Terrestrial  Yes    USDA https://www.aphis.usda.gov/plant_health/plant_pest_info/weeds/downloads/wra/Thlaspi-arvense.pdf 
 Thymelaea passerina  Spurge flax  Terrestrial   Yes   USDA  https://www.aphis.usda.gov/plant_health/plant_pest_info/weeds/downloads/wra/Thymelaea_passerina_WRA.pdf
 Tomicus piniperda (L.)  Pine shoot beetle  Terrestrial         
 Toona sinensis  Chinese toon  Terrestrial    Yes   USDA  https://www.aphis.usda.gov/plant_health/plant_pest_info/weeds/downloads/wra/Toona_sinensis_WRA.pdf
 Torilis arvensis  Common hedge parsley  Terrestrial     Yes CFIA  
 Tortrix viridana (Linné)  European oak leafroller  Terrestrial         
 Tridax procumbens  Coat buttons  Terrestrial  Yes  Yes  USDA   https://www.aphis.usda.gov/plant_health/plant_pest_info/weeds/downloads/wra/Tridax_procumbens.pdf
 Trifolium vesiculosum  Arrowleaf clover  Terrestrial     Yes CFIA  
 Triplaris melaenodendron  Long John  Terrestrial   Yes   USDA  https://www.aphis.usda.gov/plant_health/plant_pest_info/weeds/downloads/wra/Triplaris_melaenodendron_WRA.pdf
 Typha angustifolia  Narrow-leaved cattail  Terrestrial         
 Ventenata dubia  North Africa grass  Terrestrial     Yes CFIA  
 Venturia saliciperda (Nüesch)  Willow scab  Terrestrial         
 Vigna unguiculata  Cowpea  Terrestrial     Yes CFIA  
 Vinca minor  Periwinkle  Terrestrial     Yes IN, NY  https://www.entm.purdue.edu/iisc/pdf/plants/Vinca_minor_and_major.pdf, http://www.nyis.info/user_uploads/6b9da_Vinca%20minor.NYS.pdf
 Vincetoxicum hirundinaria  White swallow-wort  Terrestrial     Yes CFIA  
 Viscum album  European mistletoe  Terrestrial   Yes Yes  CFIA   
 Vitex rotundifolia  Roundleaf chastetree  Terrestrial   Yes Yes  CFIA, USDA, NY https://www.aphis.usda.gov/plant_health/plant_pest_info/weeds/downloads/wra/Vitex_rotundifolia_WRA.pdf, http://www.nyis.info/user_uploads/bf8f1_Vitex.rotundifolia.NYS.pdf
 Wikstroemia indica  Tiebush  Terrestrial   Yes   USDA  https://www.aphis.usda.gov/plant_health/plant_pest_info/weeds/downloads/wra/Wikstroemia_indica_WRA.pdf
 Wisteria sp.  Wisteria species  Terrestrial     Yes CFIA  
 Wollemia nobilis  Wollemi pine  Terrestrial   Yes   CFIA   
 Xanthoceras sorbifolium  Yellowhorn  Terrestrial   Yes   USDA  
 Xanthogaleruca luteola (Müller)  Elm leaf beetle  Terrestrial         
 Xanthomonas populi   Bacterial canker of poplar  Terrestrial         
 Xeranthemum annuum  Common Immortelle  Terrestrial     Yes CFIA  
 Xyleborinus saxeseni (Ratzeburg)  Lesser shothole borer  Terrestrial         
 Xylosandrus germanus (Blandford)  Black stem borer  Terrestrial         
 Xylotrechus altaicus (Gebler)  Xylotrechus altaicus  Terrestrial         
 Xylotrechus rufilius (Bates)  Xylotrechus rufilius  Terrestrial         
 Zea mays mays  Maiz  Terrestrial   Yes   USDA  
 Zea mays mays (GE herbicide resistant)  Maize (GE herbicide resistant)  Terrestrial   Yes   USDA  https://www.aphis.usda.gov/plant_health/plant_pest_info/weeds/downloads/wra/Zea-mays-subsp-mays.pdf
 Zeuzera pyrina  Leopard moth  Terrestrial   Yes   CFIA  
 Zygophyllum fabago

 Syrian bean-caper  Terrestrial  Yes    CFIA  
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