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Risk Assessment Database

Risk assessments are documents that identify, evaluate, and estimate the level of risk of a potential invasive species. They are an important tool in invasive species management, and can be used to inform prevention, prioritization, and response. 

These assessments are conducted by many organizations and departments (both government and non-government) across North America and the globe to address regional invasive species threats. 

 

Risk Assessment Database

The goal of this database is to provide a record of completed risk assessments relevant to North America. The database currently includes information on risk assessments completed by a range of government and non-government organizations (see 'Included Organizations' below).  The geographical reach of the database starts with the Great Lakes region and will be expanding outwards. The database will expand to include other areas as more agencies are contacted and information is collected. 

Exotic and non-native species have been compiled into a list that indicates whether a full risk assessment or shortened version of a risk assessment (i.e. Ecological Risk Screening Summaries from USFWS and Categorizations from CFIA) have been completed. The list is currently sorted alphabetically by common name, but can be further sorted by clicking on the up/down sort buttons on the left hand side of each column title. Hyperlinks to specific risk assessments are included where available. 


Included Organizations:

Ontario Ministry of Natural Resources and Forestry (OMNRF) 

Canadian Food Inspection Agency (CFIA)

Department of Fisheries and Oceans (DFO)

Natural Resources Canada (NRCan)

U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (USFWS)

U.S. Department of Agriculture  (USDA)

Canadian Council of Forest Ministers (CCFM)

European Commission

New York Invasive Species Information (NY)

Indiana Invasive Species Council (IN)


Please report any inaccuracies to the Invasive Species Centre at info@invasivespeciescentre.ca 




Records - of 586

Species

Common
Name

Environment

Full Risk
Assessment

Categorization/
Summary
Assessment

Assessing
Body

Link

Acipenser ruthenus White sturgeon, Sterlet Aquatic



Alosa aestivalis Blueback herring Aquatic



Alosa pseudoharengus Alewife Aquatic
Yes
USFWS Summary Assessment

 

Anguillidae Anguillidae non-indigenous Aquatic



Anodonta woodiana Asian freshwater mussel Aquatic



Anubias barteri Anubias barteri, Anubias Aquatic Yes
USDA Risk Assessment

https://www.aphis.usda.gov/plant_health/plant_pest_info/weeds/downloads/wra/Anubias%20barteri%20WRA.pdf

Bacopa australis Bacopa australis Aquatic Yes
USDA Risk Assessment

https://www.aphis.usda.gov/plant_health/plant_pest_info/weeds/downloads/wra/Bacopa_australis_WRA.pdf

Bithynia tentaculata Faucet snail Aquatic
Yes USFWS Summary Assessment

https://www.fws.gov/fisheries/ans/erss/highrisk/Bithynia-tentaculata-ERSS-revision-July2015.pdf

Butomus umbellatus Flowering rush Aquatic



Bythotrephes longimanus (Bythotrephes cederstroemii) Spiny water flea Aquatic
Yes NY Summary Assessment http://www.nyis.info/user_uploads/94b0a_Bythotrephes%20cederstroemi%20Ecological.pdf
Cabomba caroliniana Fanwort Aquatic Yes Yes OMNRF Risk Assessment
CFIA Categorization Assessment
European Commission
NY Summary Assessment

http://www.inspection.gc.ca/plants/plant-pests-invasive-species/diseases/sudden-oak-death/summary/eng/1327588394994/1327589076065, https://circabc.europa.eu/faces/jsp/extension/wai/navigation/container.jsp?FormPrincipal:_idcl=FormPrincipal:_id1&FormPrincipal_SUBMIT=1&id=ecfbb8d1-d23f-4947-b157-3e435d6c84c1&javax.faces.ViewState=UWgbOQAb54PkidIxBi8O0bDDEZrBmjUvpstXh0lrecUf7ZtApMX4DXmmUtzbDXCFjsDwgKep1TVKcdYAQNb6ntf7MhoMsGDNusV4y0z9ImZUCi2M5WptN6%2B6D8SX8RDu8gCXFO0bC6VH7GTqHTavbP4%2BY5ZVluGax8r%2B6Q%3D%3D, http://www.nyis.info/user_uploads/69673_Cabomba.caroliniana.NYS.pdf

Carassius auratus Goldfish Aquatic
Yes NY http://www.nyis.info/user_uploads/abbe9_Carassius%20auratus%20Ecological.pdf
Carex acutiformis European lake sedge Aquatic



Cercopagus pengoi Fish hook water flea Aquatic



Channa argus Northern snakehead Aquatic Yes
DFO

http://www.dfo-mpo.gc.ca/csas-sccs/Publications/ResDocs-DocRech/2005/2005_075-eng.htm

Cherax destructor Common Yabby Aquatic Yes Yes OMNRF, USFWS

https://www.fws.gov/injuriouswildlife/pdf_files/Cherax_destructor_WEB_9-15-2014.pdf

Cherax tenuimanus Marron  Aquatic



Cipangopaludina chinensis Chinese mystery snail Aquatic



Corbicula fluminea Asiatic clam Aquatic
Yes USFWS

https://www.fws.gov/fisheries/ans/erss/highrisk/Corbicula-fluminea-ERSS-revision-July2015.pdf

Ctenopharyngodon idella Grass carp Aquatic Yes Yes DFO, USFWS, NY

http://www.dfo-mpo.gc.ca/csas/Csas/DocREC/2004/RES2004_103_E.pdf, http://www.nyis.info/user_uploads/302bd_Ctenopharyngodon%20idella%20Ecological.pdf

Cyprinella lutrensis Red shiner Aquatic



Cyprinus carpio Common carp, Koi Aquatic
Yes USFWS, NY

https://www.fws.gov/fisheries/ans/erss/highrisk/Cyprinus-carpio-WEB-09-10-2014.pdf, http://www.nyis.info/user_uploads/f9c07_Cyprinus%20carpio%20Ecological.pdf

Daphnia lumholtzi Water flea Aquatic
Yes NY http://www.nyis.info/user_uploads/9eb43_Daphnia%20lumholtzi.ecological.pdf
Didymosphenia geminata Rock snot Aquatic Yes
CFIA
Dikerogammarus villosus Killer Shrimp Aquatic Yes
OMNRF
Dreissena polymorpha Zebra Mussel Aquatic
Yes USFWS, NY

https://www.fws.gov/fisheries/ans/erss/highrisk/Dreissena-polymorpha-ERSS-July2015.pdf, http://www.nyis.info/user_uploads/6299f_Dreissena%20polymorpha.ecological.pdf

Dreissena rostriformis bugensis Quagga Mussel Aquatic
Yes USFWS, NY

https://www.fws.gov/fisheries/ans/erss/highrisk/Dreissena-rostriformis-bugensis-ERSS-revision-June2015.pdf, http://www.nyis.info/user_uploads/833c9_Dreissena%20rostriformis%20bugensis.ecological.pdf

Echinodorus uruguayensis Uruguay sword plant Aquatic Yes
USDA

https://www.aphis.usda.gov/plant_health/plant_pest_info/weeds/downloads/wra/Echinodorus_uruguayensis_WRA.pdf

Egeria densa Brazilian Elodea Aquatic Yes
OMNRF
Eichhornia crassipes Water hyacinth Aquatic



Eriocheir sinensis Chinese mitten crab Aquatic Yes
DFO http://www.dfo-mpo.gc.ca/csas-sccs/Publications/ResDocs-DocRech/2008/2008_041-eng.htm
family Clariidae Walking catfish Aquatic



Fundulus diaphanus diaphanus Eastern banded killifish Aquatic



Gambusia affinis Western mosquitofish Aquatic



Gambusia holbrooki Eastern mosquitofish Aquatic
Yes NY http://www.nyis.info/user_uploads/3465d_Gambusia%20holbrooki%20Ecological.pdf
Gasterosteus aculeatus aculeatus Three spine stickleback Aquatic



Glyceria maxima Rough manna grass Aquatic



Gymnocoronis spilanthoides Senegal tea plant Aquatic Yes
USDA

https://www.aphis.usda.gov/plant_health/plant_pest_info/weeds/downloads/wra/Gymnocoronis_spilanthoides_WRA.pdf

Hemimysis anomala Bloody red shrim Aquatic Yes
DFO

http://www.dfo-mpo.gc.ca/csas-sccs/publications/resdocs-docrech/2009/2009_107-eng.htm

Hydrilla virticillata Hydrilla Aquatic Yes
OMNRF
Hydrocharis morsus-ranae European Frog-bit Aquatic
Yes IN, NY http://www.nyis.info/user_uploads/c6668_Hydrocharis%20morsus-ranae.NYS.pdf
Hygrophila corymbosa Temple plant Aquatic Yes
USDA

https://www.aphis.usda.gov/plant_health/plant_pest_info/weeds/downloads/wra/Hygrophila-corymbosa.pdf

Hygrophila difformis Water wisteria Aquatic Yes
USDA

https://www.aphis.usda.gov/plant_health/plant_pest_info/weeds/downloads/wra/Hygrophila-difformis.pdf

Hygrophila pinnatifida Fern hygrophila Aquatic Yes
USDA

https://www.aphis.usda.gov/plant_health/plant_pest_info/weeds/downloads/wra/Hygrophila-pinnatifida.pdf

Hygrophila polysperma Miramar weed Aquatic Yes
USDA

https://www.aphis.usda.gov/plant_health/plant_pest_info/weeds/downloads/wra/Hygrophila-polysperma.pdf

Hypophthalmichthys harmandi Largescale silver carp Aquatic



Hypophthalmichthys molitrix Silver carp Aquatic Yes Yes DFO, NY

http://www.dfo-mpo.gc.ca/csas/Csas/DocREC/2004/RES2004_103_E.pdf, http://www.nyis.info/user_uploads/1a2f4_Hypophthalmichthys%20molitrix.ecological.pdf

Hypophthalmichthys nobilis Bighead carp Aquatic Yes Yes DFO, NY

http://www.dfo-mpo.gc.ca/csas/Csas/DocREC/2004/RES2004_103_E.pdf, http://www.nyis.info/user_uploads/0ed07_Hypophthalmichthys%20nobilis.ecological.pdf

Iris pseudacorus Yellow iris Aquatic



Lates calcarifer Barramundi Aquatic Yes
OMNRF
Lepomis microlophus Redear sunfish Aquatic



Leptochilus pteropus Java fern Aquatic Yes
USDA

https://www.aphis.usda.gov/plant_health/plant_pest_info/weeds/downloads/wra/Leptochilus_pteropus_WRA.pdf

Leuciscus idus Ide, Orfe Aquatic
Yes USFWS

https://www.fws.gov/fisheries/ans/erss/uncertainrisk/Leuciscus-idus-ERSS-revision-June-2015.pdf

Limnobium laevigatum South American spongeplant Aquatic Yes
USDA

https://plants.ifas.ufl.edu/wp-content/uploads/files/caip/pdfs/WRA-Limnobium-laevigatum.pdf

Limnoperna fortunei Golden Mussel Aquatic Yes
OMNRF

https://www.fws.gov/injuriouswildlife/pdf_files/Limnoperna_fortunei_WEB-7-24-2014.pdf

Lythrum salicaria Purple loosestrife Aquatic



Misgurnus anguillicaudatus Japanese weatherfish, Weather loach Aquatic Yes Yes OMNRF, USFWS

https://www.fws.gov/fisheries/ans/erss/highrisk/Misgurnus-anguillicaudatus-WEB-8-21-12.pdf

Morone americana White perch Aquatic
Yes USFWS

https://www.fws.gov/midwest/alpena/documents/Lake-Erie-Report-2013-2015-Final-3-18-16.pdf

Morone saxatilis Striped bass Aquatic Yes
OMNRF
Mylopharyngodon piceus Black Carp Aquatic Yes
DFO

http://www.dfo-mpo.gc.ca/csas/Csas/DocREC/2004/RES2004_103_E.pdf

Myocastor coypus Nutria Aquatic



Myriophyllum aquaticum Parrotfeather Aquatic Yes Yes OMNRF, NY http://www.nyis.info/user_uploads/b53a8_Myriophyllum.aquaticum.NYS.pdf
Myriophyllum spicatum Eurasian watermilfoil Aquatic
Yes NY http://www.nyis.info/user_uploads/5cdc8_Myriophyllum.spicatum.NYS.pdf
Myxocyprinus asiaticus Chinese hi-fin banded shark Aquatic



Neogobius fluviatilis fluviatilis Monkey goby Aquatic



Neogobius melanostomus Round goby Aquatic Yes Yes DFO, USFWS

http://www.dfo-mpo.gc.ca/csas-sccs/Publications/ResDocs-DocRech/2007/2007_038-eng.htm

Neptunia oleracea Water mimosa Aquatic Yes
CFIA
Nitellopsis obtusa Starry stonewort Aquatic



Nymphoides cristata Crested floating hear Aquatic Yes
USDA

https://www.aphis.usda.gov/plant_health/plant_pest_info/weeds/downloads/wra/Nymphoides_cristata_WRA.pdf

Nymphoides indica Water snowflake Aquatic Yes
USDA

https://www.aphis.usda.gov/plant_health/plant_pest_info/weeds/downloads/wra/Nymphoides_indica_WRA.pdf

Nymphoides peltata Fringed water-lily Aquatic Yes Yes CFIA, USDA

https://www.aphis.usda.gov/plant_health/plant_pest_info/weeds/downloads/wra/Nymphoides_peltata_WRA.pdf

Orconectes rusticus Rusty crayfish Aquatic
Yes USFWS

https://www.fws.gov/fisheries/ans/erss/highrisk/Orconectes-rusticus-ERSS-revision-June2015.pdf

Oreochromis aureus Blue Tilapia Aquatic
Yes USFWS

https://www.fws.gov/fisheries/ans/erss/highrisk/Oreochromis-aureus-ERSS-revision-July-2015-with-GCC-projections.pdf

Oreochromis mossambicus Mozambique Tilapia Aquatic
Yes USFWS

https://www.fws.gov/fisheries/ans/erss/highrisk/Oreochromis-mossambicus-ERSS-revision-July-2015.pdf

Oreochromis niloticus Nile Tilapia Aquatic
Yes USFWS

https://www.fws.gov/fisheries/ans/erss/highrisk/Oreochromis-niloticus-ERSS-revision-July-2015.pdf

Oreochromis sp. Tilapia sp. Aquatic Yes
OMNRF
Osmerus mordax Rainbow smelt Aquatic



Perca fluviatilis European perch Aquatic
Yes USFWS

https://www.fws.gov/injuriouswildlife/pdf_files/Perca_fluviatilis_WEB_9-15-14.pdf

Petromyzon marinus Sea lamprey Aquatic
Yes NY http://www.nyis.info/user_uploads/871ee_Petromyzon%20marinus%20Ecological.pdf
Phalaris arundinacea Reed canarygrass Aquatic
Yes IN https://www.entm.purdue.edu/iisc/pdf/plants/Phalaris_arundinacea.pdf
Phoxinus phoxinus  Eurasian minnow Aquatic
Yes USFWS

https://www.fws.gov/injuriouswildlife/pdf_files/Phoxinus_phoxinus_WEB_9-15-14.pdf

Phragmites australis australis European common reed Aquatic
Yes IN, NY https://www.entm.purdue.edu/iisc/pdf/plants/Phragmites_australis.pdf, http://www.nyis.info/user_uploads/a27a2_Phragmites.australis.NYS.pdf
Pistia Water lettuce Aquatic



Potamogeton crispus Curly-leaved pondweed Aquatic



Potamopyrgus antipodarum New Zealand mudsnail Aquatic Yes Yes DFO, USFWS

http://www.dfo-mpo.gc.ca/Library/344229.pdf, https://www.fws.gov/fisheries/ans/erss/highrisk/Potamopyrgus-antipodarum-ERSS-revision-June2015.pdf

Procambarus clarkii Red swamp crayfish Aquatic



Pseudorasbora parva Stone moroko Aquatic Yes Yes OMNRF, USFWS

https://www.fws.gov/injuriouswildlife/pdf_files/Pseudorasbora_parva_WEB_9-15-2014.pdf

Rhodeus sericeus
Bitterling Aquatic
Yes USFWS

https://www.fws.gov/fisheries/ans/erss/uncertainrisk/Rhodeus-sericeus-ERSS-June2015.pdf

Rotala wallichii Whorly rotala Aquatic Yes
USDA

https://www.aphis.usda.gov/plant_health/plant_pest_info/weeds/downloads/wra/Rotala-wallichii.pdf

Sagittaria pygmaea Dwarf arrowhead, Pygmy arrowhead Aquatic
Yes CFIA
Salvelinus alpinus Arctic char Aquatic



Sander lucioperca
Zander Aquatic Yes Yes OMNRF, USFWS, NY

https://www.fws.gov/injuriouswildlife/pdf_files/Sander_lucioperca_WEB_9-15-2014.pdf, http://www.nyis.info/user_uploads/cfd81_Sander%20lucioperca%20Ecological.pdf

Sarotherodon melanotheron Blackchin Tilapia Aquatic
Yes USFWS

https://www.fws.gov/fisheries/ans/erss/highrisk/Sarotherodon-melanotheron-WEB-10-01-12.pdf

Silurus glanis Sheatfish, Wels Catfish Aquatic Yes Yes OMNRF, USFWS

https://www.fws.gov/injuriouswildlife/pdf_files/Silurus_%20glanis_WEB_9-15-2014.pdf

Stratiotes sp. Water soldier Aquatic Yes
OMNRF
Thymallus arcticus Arctic grayling Aquatic



Tilapia mariae Spotted Tilapia Aquatic
Yes USFWS

https://www.fws.gov/fisheries/ans/erss/highrisk/Tilapia-mariae-WEB-10-1-12.pdf

Tilapia sparrmanii Banded Tilapia Aquatic
Yes USFWS

https://www.fws.gov/fisheries/ans/erss/highrisk/Tilapia-sparrmanii-ERSS-revision-June-2015.pdf

Tilapia zillii

 

Redbelly Tilapia Aquatic
Yes USFWS

https://www.fws.gov/fisheries/ans/erss/highrisk/Tilapia-zillii-WEB-8-21-2014.pdf

Tinca tinca Tench Aquatic
Yes USFWS, NY

https://www.fws.gov/fisheries/ans/erss/uncertainrisk/Tinca-tinca-WEB-09-05-2014.pdf, http://www.nyis.info/user_uploads/f9c78_Tinca%20tinca%20Ecological.pdf

Trachemys scripta elegans Red-eared slider with a carapace (top shell) length of < 4 inches Aquatic



Trapa natans European water chestnut Aquatic Yes Yes OMNRF, CFIA, NY http://www.nyis.info/user_uploads/61a2d_Trapa%20natans%20NYS.pdf
Ulva lactuca Sea lettuce Aquatic
Yes CFIA
Xenopus laevis African clawed frog Aquatic




Watermoss-Salvana species
Aquatic




Eurasian and northern milfoil cross Aquatic



Arundo donax Giant reed Wetland Yes
USDA
Crassula helmsii Swamp stonecrop Wetland Yes
USDA

https://www.aphis.usda.gov/plant_health/plant_pest_info/weeds/downloads/wra/Crassula_helmsii_WRA.pdf

Isachne globosa Swamp millet Wetland
Yes CFIA
Ludwigia prostrata Heusenkraut Wetland
Yes CFIA
Luziola subintegra Tropical American watergrass Wetland Yes Yes USDA/CFIA https://www.aphis.usda.gov/plant_health/plant_pest_info/weeds/downloads/wra/Luziola_subintegra_WRA.pdf
Lygodium japonicum Japanese climbing fern Wetland Yes Yes CFIA
Pachira aquatica Malabar chestnut Wetland
Yes CFIA
Sesbania exaltata Coffeeweed Wetland
Yes CFIA
Urochloa fasciculata Browntop signalgrass Wetland
Yes CFIA
Urochloa panicoides Panic liverseed grass Wetland Yes Yes CFIA
Abies homolepis Nikko fir Terrestrial
Yes CFIA
Acalypha australis Asian copperleaf Terrestrial Yes
USDA https://www.aphis.usda.gov/plant_health/plant_pest_info/weeds/downloads/wra/Acalypha%20australis%20WRA.pdf
Acanthospermum australe Paraguayan starburr Terrestrial
Yes CFIA
Acanthospermum hispidum Bristly starbur Terrestrial Yes
USDA https://www.aphis.usda.gov/plant_health/plant_pest_info/weeds/downloads/wra/Acanthospermum-hispidum.pdf
Acer negundo Manitoba Maple Terrestrial



Acer platanoides Norway Maple Terrestrial
Yes IN, NY https://www.entm.purdue.edu/iisc/pdf/plants/Acer_platanoides.pdf, http://www.nyis.info/user_uploads/aa4a6_Acer.platanoides.NYS.pdf
Achillea santolina Santolina Yarrow Terrestrial
Yes CFIA
Achyranthes aspera Prickly chaff flower Terrestrial
Yes CFIA
Achyranthes japonica Japanese chaff flower Terrestrial Yes Yes USDA, IN, NY https://www.aphis.usda.gov/plant_health/plant_pest_info/weeds/downloads/wra/Achyranthes%20japonica%20WRA.pdf, https://www.entm.purdue.edu/iisc/pdf/plants/Achyranthes_japonica.pdf, http://www.nyis.info/user_uploads/f5e32_Achyranthes.japonica.NYS.pdf
Acroceras zizanioides Oat's grass Terrestrial
Yes CFIA
Actinoscirpus grossus Giant Bur Rush Terrestrial
Yes CFIA
Adelges abietis (Linnaeus) Eastern spruce gall adelgid Terrestrial



Adelges piceae (Ratzeburg) Balsam woolly adelgid Terrestrial Yes
CFIA
Adonis aestivalis Summer pheasant's-eye Terrestrial
Yes CFIA
Aegopodium podagraria Bishop's goutweed Terrestrial
Yes NY http://www.nyis.info/user_uploads/d23fe_Aegopodium.podagraria.NYS.pdf
Agrilus sulcicollis Lacordaire European oak borer Terrestrial Yes
CFIA
Agrilus planipennis Fairmaire Emerald Ash Borer Terrestrial Yes
CFIA, CCFM http://www.ccfm.org/pdf/Emerald%20ash%20borer%20-%20risk%20analysis%20-%20NFPS%20-%20EN%20-%20FINAL.pdf
Agrostis stolonifera Creeping bentgrass Terrestrial Yes
USDA
Agrostis stolonifera (GE herbicide resistant) Creeping bentgrass Terrestrial Yes
USDA https://www.aphis.usda.gov/plant_health/plant_pest_info/weeds/downloads/wra/agrostis_stolonifera.pdf
Ailanthus altissima Tree of Heaven
Terrestrial
Yes NY http://www.nyis.info/user_uploads/36162_Ailanthus.altissima.NYS.pdf
Aira elegantissima Lace hairgrass Terrestrial
Yes CFIA
Aldus glutinosa European or Black Alder Terrestrial



Alliaria petiolata Garlic mustard Terrestrial
Yes IN, NY https://www.entm.purdue.edu/iisc/pdf/plants/Alliaria_petiolata.pdf, http://www.nyis.info/user_uploads/92019_Alliaria.petiolata.NYS.pdf
Alstroemeria aurea Peruvian-lily Terrestrial
Yes CFIA
Althaea armeniaca Marshmallow, Armenian Mallow Terrestrial Yes
USDA https://www.aphis.usda.gov/plant_health/plant_pest_info/weeds/downloads/wra/Althaea%20armeniaca%20WRA.pdf
Amaranthus deflexus Low amaranth Terrestrial
Yes CFIA
Amaranthus graecizans Tumbleweed Terrestrial
Yes CFIA
Amaranthus muricatus African amaranth Terrestrial
Yes CFIA
Amblyopyrum muticum Amblyopyrum muticum Terrestrial
Yes CFIA
Ammi majus Bishop's flower Terrestrial
Yes CFIA
Ammi visgnaga Bisnaga Terrestrial
Yes CFIA
Andropogon gayanus Gamba grass Terrestrial
Yes CFIA
Annona muricata Soursop Terrestrial
Yes CFIA
Anoplophora glabripennis (Motschulsky) Asian longhorned beetle Terrestrial
Yes NY http://www.nyis.info/user_uploads/86d31_Anoplophora%20glabripennis%20Ecological.pdf
Anthemis pseudocotula Common chamomile Terrestrial
Yes CFIA
Apera spica-venti Common windgrass Terrestrial
Yes CFIA
Araujia sericifera Cruel plant Terrestrial Yes
USDA https://www.aphis.usda.gov/plant_health/plant_pest_info/weeds/downloads/wra/Araujia%20sericifera%20WRA.pdf
Ardisia crenata Coralberry ardisia Terrestrial Yes
USDA https://www.aphis.usda.gov/plant_health/plant_pest_info/weeds/downloads/wra/Ardisia_crenata_WRA.pdf
Artemisia austriaca Austrian wormwood Terrestrial
Yes CFIA
Artemisia japonica Japanese wormwood Terrestrial
Yes CFIA
Asparagus asparagoides Bridal creeper Terrestrial
Yes CFIA
Asphodelus fistulosus Onion weed Terrestrial
Yes CFIA
Astragalus membranaceus Huang Qi Terrestrial Yes
USDA https://www.aphis.usda.gov/plant_health/plant_pest_info/weeds/downloads/wra/Austroderia_richardii_WRA.pdf
Austroderia richardii New Zealand pampass grass Terrestrial Yes
USDA https://www.aphis.usda.gov/plant_health/plant_pest_info/weeds/downloads/wra/Austroderia_richardii_WRA.pdf
Austroeupatorium inulifolium Austroeupatorium inulifolium Terrestrial
Yes CFIA
Avena strigosa Lopsided oat Terrestrial
Yes CFIA
Bassia prostrata Forage kochia Terrestrial Yes Yes CFIA
Berberis thunbergii Japanese barberry Terrestrial
Yes NY http://www.nyis.info/user_uploads/30d9c_Berberis.thunbergii.NYS.pdf
Berkheya rigida African thistle Terrestrial
Yes CFIA
Bidens pilosa Black-jack Terrestrial Yes
CFIA
Bidens subalternans Greater beggar's ticks Terrestrial
Yes CFIA
Bituminaria bituminosa Arabian pea Terrestrial
Yes CFIA
Blainvillea acmella Para cress flower Terrestrial
Yes CFIA
Blainvillea dichotoma Blainvillea dichotoma Terrestrial
Yes CFIA
Blumea lacera Kakondra Terrestrial
Yes CFIA
Boerhavia diffusa Red spiderling Terrestrial Yes Yes CFIA
Bothriochloa ischaemum King ranch bluestem Terrestrial Yes Yes CFIA
Bothriochloa laguroides Silver beardgrass Terrestrial
Yes CFIA
Bothriocline laxa Kapanthi Terrestrial Yes
USDA https://www.aphis.usda.gov/plant_health/plant_pest_info/weeds/downloads/wra/Bothriocline-laxa.pdf
Brachypodium distachyon Purple false brome Terrestrial Yes Yes CFIA
Brachypodium sylvaticum False brome Terrestrial
Yes CFIA
Brassica carinata Ethiopean mustard Terrestrial Yes Yes CFIA, USDA https://www.aphis.usda.gov/plant_health/plant_pest_info/weeds/downloads/wra/Brassica-carinata.pdf
Brassica tournefortii Asian mustard Terrestrial
Yes CFIA
Brenneria salicis (Day) Watermark disease of willow Terrestrial



Bromus madritensis Compact brome Terrestrial
Yes CFIA
Bromus pectinatus Bromus pectinatus Terrestrial
Yes CFIA
Buddleia davidii Summer lilac Terrestrial
Yes CFIA
Bulbostylis hispidula Beard of the lion Terrestrial Yes
USDA https://www.aphis.usda.gov/plant_health/plant_pest_info/weeds/downloads/wra/Bulbostylis-hispidula.pdf
Cajanus cajan Pigeon pea Terrestrial
Yes CFIA
Calendula officinalis Pot marigold Terrestrial Yes
CFIA
Callipogon relictus Semenov Asian Callipogon longhorn beetle Terrestrial Yes
CFIA
Camelina microcarpa Littlepod false flax Terrestrial
Yes CFIA
Camelina rumelica Graceful false flax Terrestrial
Yes CFIA
Camelina sativa Gold-of-pleasure Terrestrial
Yes CFIA
Campuloclinium macrocephalum Pompom weed Terrestrial
Yes CFIA
Campylopus introflexus Heath star moss Terrestrial
Yes CFIA
Cardiospermum grandiflorum Balloon vine Terrestrial Yes
USDA https://www.aphis.usda.gov/plant_health/plant_pest_info/weeds/downloads/wra/Cardiospermum_grandiflorum_WRA.pdf
Carex breviculmis Short-stem sedge Terrestrial Yes
USDA https://www.aphis.usda.gov/plant_health/plant_pest_info/weeds/downloads/wra/Carex_breviculmis_WRA.pdf
Carex pendula Pendulous sedge Terrestrial Yes
USDA https://www.aphis.usda.gov/plant_health/plant_pest_info/weeds/downloads/wra/Carex_pendula_WRA.pdf
Carlina vulgaris Carline thistle Terrestrial Yes
CFIA
Carthamus tenuis Slender safflower Terrestrial
Yes CFIA
Cassinia arcuata Drooping cassinia Terrestrial
Yes CFIA
Celastrus orbiculatus Oriental bittersweet Terrestrial
Yes IN, NY https://www.entm.purdue.edu/iisc/pdf/plants/Celastrus_orbiculatus.pdf, http://www.nyis.info/user_uploads/9b927_Celastrus.orbiculatus.NYS.pdf
Celtis sinensis Chinese hackberry Terrestrial
Yes CFIA
Cenchrus echinatus Southern sandspur Terrestrial Yes
CFIA
Centaurea iberica Iberian Starthistle Terrestrial Yes
CFIA
Centaurea phrygia Wig knapweed Terrestrial Yes
CFIA
Centaurea solstitialis Yellow star thistle Terrestrial
Yes CFIA
Centaurea virgata Squarrose knapweed Terrestrial
Yes CFIA
Centrapalus pauciflorus Vernonia Terrestrial
Yes CFIA
Cerambyx cerdo (Linné) Great Capricorn beetle Terrestrial



Ceratocystis fagacearum (Bretz) Hunt Oak wilt Terrestrial



Ceratocystis polonica (Siemaszko) C. Moreau Sap stain Terrestiral



Ceratopteris thalictroides Water sprite Terrestrial
Yes CFIA
Cestrum elegans Purple cestrum Terrestrial
Yes CFIA
Cestrum laevigatum Inkberry Terrestrial Yes Yes CFIA, USDA https://www.aphis.usda.gov/plant_health/plant_pest_info/weeds/downloads/wra/Cestrum_laevigatum_WRA.pdf
Chalara fraxinea Ash dieback pathogen Terrestrial
Yes CFIA
Chloris pycnothrix Spiderweb chloris Terrestrial
Yes CFIA
Choleostephus myconis Corn marigold Terrestrial Yes Yes CFIA
Choristoneura murinana (Hübner) Silver fir shoot tortricid Terrestrial



Chrysanthemoides monilifera Boneseed; Bitou bush Terrestrial Yes
USDA https://www.aphis.usda.gov/plant_health/plant_pest_info/weeds/downloads/wra/Chrysanthemoides_monilifera_WRA.pdf
Chrysomyxa abietis (Wallr.) Unger Spruce needle cushion rust Terrestrial



Chrysopogon aciculatus Golden false beardgrass Terrestrial Yes
USDA https://www.aphis.usda.gov/plant_health/plant_pest_info/weeds/downloads/wra/Chrysopogon_aciculatus_WRA.pdf
Chrysopogon zizanioides Vetiver Terrestrial
Yes CFIA
Cirsium palustrum European swamp thistile Terrestrial



Coleophora serratella (Linnaeus) Birch casebearer Terrestrial



Coleophora laricella (Hubner) Larch casebearer Terrestrial



Colophospermum mopane Mopane Terrestrial Yes
USDA https://www.aphis.usda.gov/plant_health/plant_pest_info/weeds/downloads/wra/Colophospermum_mopane_WRA.pdf
Commelina benghalensis
Benghal dayflower Terrestrial
Yes CFIA
Commelina diffusa
Climbing dayflower Terrestrial
Yes CFIA
Consolida regalis  Forking larkspur Terrestrial
Yes CFIA
Contarinia baeri (Prell) European pineneedle midge Terrestrial



Cordia curassavica Black sage Terrestrial Yes
USDA https://www.aphis.usda.gov/plant_health/plant_pest_info/weeds/downloads/wra/Cordia_curassavica_WRA.pdf
Cortaderia jubata Jubata grass Terrestrial Yes Yes CFIA/USDA https://www.aphis.usda.gov/plant_health/plant_pest_info/weeds/downloads/wra/Cortaderia_jubata_WRA.pdf
Cortaderia richardii
Toetoe  Terrestrial
Yes CFIA
Cortaderia selloana Pampas grass Terrestrial Yes
USDA
Cosmos sulphureus Sulfur cosmos Terrestrial
Yes CFIA
Cotoneaster dammeri Bearberry cotoneaster Terrestrial
Yes CFIA
Cotoneaster horizontalis Rock cotoneaster Terrestrial
Yes CFIA
Crambe abyssinica Abyssinian kale Terrestrial
Yes CFIA
Crassocephalum crepidioides Ebolo Terrestrial Yes Yes CFIA
Cronartium ribicola J.C. Fisch. White pine blister rust Terrestrial



Crotalaria juncea
Brown hemp Terrestrial
Yes CFIA
Crupina vulgaris Bearded creeper Terrestrial Yes
CFIA
Cryphonectria parasitica (Murrill) Barr Chestnut blight Terrestrial



Cryptococcus fagisuga Lindinger Beech scale Terrestrial
Yes NY http://www.nyis.info/user_uploads/0078e_Cryptococcus%20fagisuga.ecological.pdf
Cryptodiaporthe populea (Sacc.) Butin Dothichiza canker of poplar Terrestrial



Crypturgus pusillus (Eichhoff) Bark beetle Terrestrial



Cuphea hybrid Large firecracker plant Terrestrial Yes
CFIA
Cuphea hyssopifolia False heather Terrestrial
Yes CFIA
Cuphea ignea Cigar plant Terrestrial
Yes CFIA
Cuphea llavea Bat faced cuphea Terrestrial
Yes CFIA
Cuphea procumbens Creeping waxweed Terrestrial
Yes CFIA
Cuscuta approximata Alfalfa dodder Terrestrial Yes Yes CFIA
Cuscuta australis Australian dodder Terrestrial
Yes CFIA
Cuscuta cassytoides African dodder Terrestrial
Yes CFIA
Cuscuta chinensis Semen cuscutae Terrestrial Yes Yes CFIA
Cuscuta epilinum Flax dodder Terrestrial Yes Yes CFIA
Cuscuta epithymum Clover dodder Terrestrial
Yes CFIA
Cuscuta europaea European dodder Terrestrial Yes Yes CFIA
Cuscuta japonica
Japanese dodder Terrestrial
Yes CFIA
Cuscuta monogyna Yellow dodder  Terrestrial
Yes CFIA
Cuscuta reflexa Giant dodder Terrestrial
Yes CFIA
Cuscuta suaveolens
Fringed dodder Terrestrial Yes Yes CFIA
Cussonia spicata Spiked cabbage tree Terrestrial
Yes CFIA
Cyamopsis tetragonoloba
Guar Terrestrial
Yes CFIA
Cyanotis axillaris Creeping cradle plant Terrestrial
Yes CFIA
Cynanchum louiseae Black swallow-wort Terrestrial
Yes IN, NY https://www.entm.purdue.edu/iisc/pdf/plants/Cynanchum_louiseae.pdf, http://www.nyis.info/user_uploads/6c8ef_Cynanchum.louiseae.NYS.pdf
Cynanchum rossicum Dog-strangling vine Terrestrial
Yes IN, NY https://www.entm.purdue.edu/iisc/pdf/plants/Cynanchum_rossicum.pdf, http://www.nyis.info/user_uploads/0f96d_Cynanchum.rossicum.NYS.pdf
Cynoglossum lanceolatum Hound's tongue forget-me-not Terrestrial
Yes CFIA
Cyperus exaltatus Giant sedge Terrestrial
Yes CFIA
Cyperus flavidus Yellow flatsedge Terrestrial
Yes CFIA
Cyperus rotundus Nut grass Terrestrial Yes
CFIA
Dactyloctenium aegyptium Egyption crowfoot grass Terrestrial
Yes CFIA
Delairea odorata Cape ivy Terrestrial Yes
USDA https://www.aphis.usda.gov/plant_health/plant_pest_info/weeds/downloads/wra/Delairea_odorata_WRA.pdf
Dendroctonus ponderosae Mountain pine beetle Terrestrial Yes
NRCan, CCFM http://cfs.nrcan.gc.ca/pubwarehouse/pdfs/35406.pdf

Dendroctonus armandi (Tsai & Li) Large pitch tube bark beetle Terrestrial



Dendroctonus micans (Kugelann) Great spruce bark beetle Terrestrial



Dendrolimus sibiricus (Tschetverikov) Siberian coniferous silk moth
Terrestrial



Dendrolimus superans (Butler) Siberian silk moth
Terrestrial



Desmostachya bipinnata Halfa grass Terrestrial
Yes CFIA
Dicksonia antarctica Australian tree fern Terrestrial
Yes CFIA
Digitaria abyssinica African couchgrass Terrestrial
Yes CFIA
Digitaria ciliaris Southern crabgrass Terrestrial
Yes CFIA
Digitaria ternata Crabgrass Terrestrial
Yes CFIA
Digitaria velutina Velvet fingergrass Terrestrial
Yes CFIA
Dioscorea polystachya Chinese yam Terrestrial Yes Yes CFIA, IN https://www.entm.purdue.edu/iisc/pdf/plants/Dioscorea_polystachya.pdf
Diprion similis (Hartig)
Introduced pine sawfly Terrestrial



Discula destructiva Redlin Dogwood anthracnose Terrestrial



Dittrichia graveolens
Stinkwort Terrestrial Yes
USDA https://www.aphis.usda.gov/plant_health/plant_pest_info/weeds/downloads/wra/Dittrichia_graveolens_WRA.pdf 
Dolichandra unguis-cati Cat's-claw Terrestrial Yes
USDA https://www.aphis.usda.gov/plant_health/plant_pest_info/weeds/downloads/wra/Dolichandra_unguis-cati_WRA.pdf
Dreyfusia nordmannianae (Börner) Silver fir woolly adelgid Terrestrial



Dryocosmus kuriphilus Chestnut gall wasp Terrestrial
Yes CFIA
Echinochloa colonum Jungle rice Terrestrial Yes
CFIA
Echinochloa pyramidalis Antelope grass Terrestrial Yes
USDA https://www.aphis.usda.gov/plant_health/plant_pest_info/weeds/downloads/wra/Echinochloa_pyramidalis_WRA.pdf
Echium plantagineum Purple viper's bugloss Terrestrial Yes
CFIA
Elaeagnus angustifolia Russian olive Terrestrial
Yes NY http://www.nyis.info/user_uploads/9637b_Elaeagnus.angustifolia.NYS.pdf
Elaeagnus umbellata Autumn olive Terrestrial
Yes IN, NY https://www.entm.purdue.edu/iisc/pdf/plants/Eleagnus_umbellata.pdf, http://www.nyis.info/user_uploads/128ee_Elaeagnus.umbellata.NYS.pdf
Eleusine coracana Finger millet Terrestrial
Yes CFIA
Eleusine indica Indian goosegrass Terrestrial
Yes CFIA
Eleutherococcus senticosus Siberian ginseng Terrestrial
Yes CFIA
Emex australis Devil's thorn Terrestrial
Yes CFIA
Emex spinosa Devil's thorn Terrestrial
Yes CFIA
Eragrostis tef Williams lovegrass Terrestrial
Yes CFIA
Erigeron bonariensis Flax-leaf Fleabane Terrestrial Yes Yes CFIA
Eriochloa villosa Woolly cup grass Terrestrial Yes
CFIA
Erucaria hispanica Spanish pink mustard  Terrestrial
Yes CFIA
Euonymus alatus Winged Euronymus Terrestrial
Yes IN https://www.entm.purdue.edu/iisc/pdf/plants/Euonymus_alatus.pdf
Euonymus europaeus European spindletree Terrestrial
Yes NY http://www.nyis.info/user_uploads/b3c3d_Euonymus.europaeus.NYS.pdf
Euphorbia esula Leafy spurge Terrestrial
Yes IN https://www.entm.purdue.edu/iisc/pdf/plants/Euphorbia_esula.pdf
Euphorbia hirta Asthma plant Terrestrial
Yes CFIA
Euphorbia lagascae Euphorbia lagascae Terrestrial
Yes CFIA
Falcaria vulgaris Sickleweed Terrestrial Yes Yes CFIA, USDA https://www.aphis.usda.gov/plant_health/plant_pest_info/weeds/downloads/wra/Falcaria_vulgaris_WRA.pdf
Fargesia rufa Fountain bamboo Terrestrial
Yes CFIA
Fenusa pusilla (Lepeletier) Birch leafminer Terrestrial



Ficaria verna Fig buttercup Terrestrial Yes
USDA https://www.aphis.usda.gov/plant_health/plant_pest_info/weeds/downloads/wra/ficaria-verna.pdf 
Fuirena ciliaris Umbrella grass Terrestrial
Yes CFIA
Fumaria parviflora Fineleaf fumitory Terrestrial Yes Yes CFIA
Galega officinalis French lilac Terrestrial Yes Yes CFIA, IN, NY https://www.entm.purdue.edu/iisc/pdf/plants/Galega_officinalis.pdf, http://www.nyis.info/user_uploads/e8c7b_Galega.officinalis.NYS.pdf
Galium verrucosum Warty bedstraw Terrestrial
Yes CFIA
Geosmithia morbida  M. Kolarík, E. Freeland, C. Utley & Tisserat Thousand Canker Disease Terrestrial
Yes IN http://www.nyis.info/user_uploads/d1e38_Geosmithia%20morbida.ecological.pdf
Geranium dissectum Cut-leaved Crane's-bill Terrestrial
Yes CFIA
Geranium lucidum Shining cranesbill Terrestrial Yes
USDA
Gevuina avellana Chilean hazel Terrestrial
Yes CFIA
Gilpinia hercyniae (Hartig) European spruce sawfly Terrestrial



Gladiolus undulatus Large painted lady Terrestrial Yes Yes CFIA, USDA https://www.aphis.usda.gov/plant_health/plant_pest_info/weeds/downloads/wra/Gladiolus_undulatus_WRA.pdf
Glyceria maxima Reed or giant manna grass Terrestrial
Yes NY http://www.nyis.info/user_uploads/e59b0_Glyceria.maxima.NYS.pdf
Glycine max Soybeans Terrestrial Yes
USDA https://www.aphis.usda.gov/plant_health/plant_pest_info/weeds/downloads/wra/Glycine-max.pdf 
Glycine max (GE herbicide resistant) Soybeans (GE herbicide resistant) Terrestrial Yes
USDA https://www.aphis.usda.gov/plant_health/plant_pest_info/weeds/downloads/wra/Glycine-max.pdf
Gnaphalium affine Jersey cudweed Terrestrial
Yes CFIA
Gremmeniella abietina var. Eu (Lagerberg) Morelet Scleroderris canker, European strain Terrestrial Yes
CFIA
Gundelia tournefortii Galgal Terrestrial
Yes CFIA
Gynandropsis gynandra Shona cabbage Terrestrial Yes Yes CFIA
Gypsophila paniculata Baby's breath Terrestrial



Hakea gibbosa Hairy hakea Terrestrial Yes Yes CFIA, USDA https://www.aphis.usda.gov/plant_health/plant_pest_info/weeds/downloads/wra/Hakea_gibbosa_WRA.pdf 
Hakea salicifolia Willow-leaved hakea Terrestrial Yes Yes CFIA, USDA https://www.aphis.usda.gov/plant_health/plant_pest_info/weeds/downloads/wra/Hakea_salicifolia_WRA.pdf
Hakea sericea Needlebush Terrestrial Yes Yes CFIA, USDA https://www.aphis.usda.gov/plant_health/plant_pest_info/weeds/downloads/wra/Hakea_sericea_WRA.pdf
Halogeton glomeratus Saltlover Terrestrial Yes
CFIA
Hedra helix English ivy Terrestrial
Yes NY http://www.nyis.info/user_uploads/14a3b_Hedera.helix.NYS.pdf
Hedychium gardnerianum Kahili ginger lily Terrestrial Yes
USDA https://www.aphis.usda.gov/plant_health/plant_pest_info/weeds/downloads/wra/Hedychium_gardnerianum_WRA.pdf
Hedysarum coronarium French honeysuckle Terrestrial
Yes CFIA
Heliotropium europaeum European heliotrope Terrestrial Yes
USDA https://www.aphis.usda.gov/plant_health/plant_pest_info/weeds/downloads/wra/Heliotropium_europaeum.pdf
Heracleum mantegazzianum Giant hogweed Terrestrial Yes Yes CFIA, IN, NY https://www.entm.purdue.edu/iisc/pdf/plants/Heracleum_mantegazzianum.pdf, http://www.nyis.info/user_uploads/2575f_Heracleum.mantegazzianum.NYS.pdf
Hesperis matronalis Dame's rocket Terrestrial
Yes IN, NY https://www.entm.purdue.edu/iisc/pdf/plants/Hesperis_matronalis.pdf, http://www.nyis.info/user_uploads/ff2f5_Hesperis.matronalis.NYS.pdf
Hibiscus cannabinus Kenaf Terrestrial
Yes CFIA
Hippophae rhamnoides Common sea-buckthorn Terrestrial
Yes CFIA
Holcus mollis Creepins soft grass Terrestrial Yes Yes CFIA
Hordeum vulgare spontaneum Wild barley Terrestrial Yes Yes CFIA
Hylesinus varius (Fabricius) Ash bark beetle Terrestrial



Hylurgops palliatus Lesser spruce shootbeetle Terrestrial Yes
CFIA
Hylurgus ligniperda Red-haired pine bark beetle Terrestrial Yes
CFIA
Hypochaeris glabra Smooth cat's ear Terrestrial
Yes CFIA
Ibicella lutea Devil's claw Terrestrial
Yes CFIA
Impatiens glandulifera Himalayan balsam Terrestrial

NY http://www.nyis.info/user_uploads/f36a7_Impatiens.glandulifera.NYS.pdf
Impatiens parviflora Smallflower touch-me-not Terrestrial Yes
USDA https://www.aphis.usda.gov/plant_health/plant_pest_info/weeds/downloads/wra/Impatiens_parviflora_WRA.pdf
Imperata cylindrica Blady grass Terrestrial Yes Yes CFIA
Inula britannica British yellowhead Terrestrial Yes Yes CFIA
Ipomoea biflora Bell vine Terrestrial Yes
USDA https://www.aphis.usda.gov/plant_health/plant_pest_info/weeds/downloads/wra/Ipomoea-biflora.pdf
Ipomoea hederacea Ivy-leaved morning glory Terrestrial
Yes CFIA
Ipomoea lacunosa Whitestar potato Terrestrial
Yes CFIA
Ips hauseri (Reitter) Hauser's engraver Terrestrial



Ips sexdentatus (Boerner) Six-spined engraver beetle Terrestrial



Ips subelongatus Larch bark beetle Terrestrial



Ips typographus L. European spruce bark beetle Terrestrial



Iris pseudacorus Yellow flag iris Terrestrial Yes
USDA https://www.aphis.usda.gov/plant_health/plant_pest_info/weeds/downloads/wra/Iris_pseudacorus_WRA.pdf
Ischaemum muticum Bamboo grass Terrestrial
Yes CFIA
Jasminum humile Italian jasmine Terrestrial Yes
CFIA
Jatropha curcas Barbados nut Terrestrial Yes Yes CFIA, USDA https://www.aphis.usda.gov/plant_health/plant_pest_info/weeds/downloads/wra/Jatropha-curcas.pdf
Jatropha gossypiifolia Bellyache bush Terrestrial
Yes CFIA
Jatropha podagrica Buddha belly plant Terrestrial
Yes CFIA
Jovellana punctata Tea cup flower Terrestrial
Yes CFIA
Kyllinga polyphylla Navua sedge Terrestrial
Yes CFIA
Kyllinga pulchella Kyllinga pulchella Terrestrial
Yes CFIA
Lablab purpureus Hyacinth bean Terrestrial
Yes CFIA
Lachnellula willkommii (Hartig) Dennis European larch canker Terrestrial Yes
CFIA
Lactuca orientalis Split-leaf lettuce Terrestrial
Yes CFIA
Leptochloa panicea Mucronate sprangletop Terrestrial Yes
CFIA
Lespedeza cuneata Chinese bushclover Terrestrial Yes Yes CFIA, IN https://www.entm.purdue.edu/iisc/pdf/plants/Lespedeza_kummerowia_spp.pdf
Leucanthemum paludosum Snowland oxeye daisy Terrestrial
Yes CFIA
Leucas martinicensis Whitewort Terrestrial
Yes CFIA
Leucojum aestivum Summer snowflake Terrestrial
Yes CFIA
Leymus arenarius Lyme-grass Terrestrial



Ligustrum obtusifolium Border privet Terrestrial
Yes CFIA, IN https://www.entm.purdue.edu/iisc/pdf/plants/Ligustrum_spp.pdf
Ligustrum sinense Chinese privet Terrestrial Yes Yes USDA, NY https://www.aphis.usda.gov/plant_health/plant_pest_info/weeds/downloads/wra/Ligustrum_sinense_WRA.pdf, http://www.nyis.info/user_uploads/28f33_Ligustrum.sinense.NYS.pdf
Ligustrum vulgare Privet Terrestrial
Yes IN, NY https://www.entm.purdue.edu/iisc/pdf/plants/Ligustrum_spp.pdf, http://www.nyis.info/user_uploads/1fb8a_Ligustrum.vulgare.NYS.pdf
Limnanthes alba White meadowfam Terrestrial Yes Yes CFIA
Linaria dalmatica Balkan toadflax Terrestrial
Yes CFIA
Linaria genistifolia Broomleaf toadflax Terrestrial Yes Yes CFIA
Linaria repens Striped toadflax Terrestrial
Yes CFIA
Linaria vulgaris Common toadflax Terrestrial
Yes CFIA
Linum bienne Pale flax Terrestrial
Yes CFIA
Linum decumbens Linum decumbens Terrestrial
Yes CFIA
Linum setaceum Linum setaceum Terrestrial
Yes CFIA
Linum stelleroides Linum stelleroides Terrestrial
Yes CFIA
Linum strictum Upright flax Terrestrial
Yes CFIA
Liriope muscari Big blue lilyturf Terrestrial
Yes CFIA
Lolium rigidum Rigid ryegrass Terrestrial Yes Yes CFIA
Lonicera japonica Japanese honeysuckle Terrestrial
Yes IN, NY https://www.entm.purdue.edu/iisc/pdf/plants/Lonicera_japonica.pdf, http://www.nyis.info/user_uploads/854e3_Lonicera.japonica.NYS.pdf
Lonicera maacki Amur honeysuckle Terrestrial
Yes IN, NY https://www.entm.purdue.edu/iisc/pdf/plants/Lonicera_maackii_morrowii_tatartica_xbella.pdf, http://www.nyis.info/user_uploads/e4b40_Lonicera.maackii.NYS.pdf
Lonicera morrowi Morrow's honeysuckle Terrestrial



Lonicera tatarica Tatarian honeysuckle Terrestrial
Yes IN https://www.entm.purdue.edu/iisc/pdf/plants/Lonicera_maackii_morrowii_tatartica_xbella.pdf
Lonicera xbella Bell's honeysuckle Terrestrial



Lupinus luteus Annual yellow-lupin Terrestrial
Yes CFIA
Lymantria dispar (Linnaeus) Gypsy moth Terrestrial

NY http://www.nyis.info/user_uploads/9ccc3_Lymantria%20dispar%20Ecological.pdf
Lymantria mathura Moore Rosy (pink) gypsy moth Terrestrial



Lymantria monacha Nun moth Terrestrial



Malacosoma neustria (Linné) European tent caterpillar Terrestrial



Malva nicaeensis Bull mallow Terrestrial
Yes CFIA
Megathyrsus maximus Guinea grass Terrestrial
Yes CFIA
Melampsora larici-populina Kleb. Poplar leaf rust Terrestrial



Melianthus comosus Honey flower Terrestrial
Yes CFIA
Melilotus alba White sweet clover Terrestrial

IN https://www.entm.purdue.edu/iisc/pdf/plants/Melilotus_spp.pdf
Melilotus officinalis Yellow sweet clover Terrestrial

IN https://www.entm.purdue.edu/iisc/pdf/plants/Melilotus_spp.pdf
Microciturs australasica Citrus australiasica Terrestrial
Yes CFIA
Microstegium viminium Japanese silt grass Terrestrial Yes
CFIA
Mikania micrantha Bitter vine Terrestrial Yes Yes CFIA, USDA https://www.aphis.usda.gov/plant_health/plant_pest_info/weeds/downloads/wra/Mikania_micrantha_WRA.pdf
Milum vernale Spring millet grass Terrestrial Yes
CFIA
Mimosa pudica Sensitive plant Terrestrial Yes
USDA https://www.aphis.usda.gov/plant_health/plant_pest_info/weeds/downloads/wra/Mimosa_pudica.pdf
Miscanthus giganteus Giant Chinese silver grass Terrestrial Yes
CFIA
Mollugo pentaphylla Five leaved carpetweed Terrestrial
Yes CFIA
Monochamus sartor (Fabricius) Monochamus sartor Terrestrial



Monochamus urussovi (Fischer) Black fir sawyer beetle Terrestrial



Mucuna pruriens Velvet bean Terrestrial
Yes CFIA
Myoporum laetum Mousehole tree Terrestrial
Yes CFIA
Nassella charruana Lobed needlegrass Terrestrial
Yes CFIA
Nassella hyalina Cane needlegrass Terrestrial
Yes CFIA
Nassella leucotricha Texas wintergrass Terrestrial
Yes CFIA
Nassella megapotamica Purple needlegrass Terrestrial
Yes CFIA
Nassella neesiana Chilean needlegrass Terrestrial Yes Yes CFIA, USDA https://www.aphis.usda.gov/plant_health/plant_pest_info/weeds/downloads/wra/Nassella_neesiana_WRA.pdf
Nassella tenuissima Mexican feather grass Terrestrial Yes
CFIA
Nassella trichotoma Serrated tussock Terrestrial Yes
CFIA
Neodiprion sertifer (Geoffroy) European pine sawfly Terrestrial



Neonectria faginata (Lohman et al.) Castl. Beech bark disease Terrestrial



Nepeta sibirica Catmint Terrestrial
Yes CFIA
Notobasis syriaca Syrian thistle Terrestrial
Yes CFIA
Oberea linearis (Linné) Hazelnut longhorned beetle Terrestrial



Oberea oculata (Linné) Eyed longhorn beetle Terrestrial



Olea europaea Olive Terrestrial
Yes CFIA
Oplismenus hirtellus undulatifolius Wavyleaf basketgrass Terrestrial Yes Yes CFIA, USDA, NY https://www.aphis.usda.gov/plant_health/plant_pest_info/weeds/downloads/wra/Oplismenus_hirtellus_spp_undulatifolius_WRA.pdf, http://www.nyis.info/user_uploads/d4723_Oplismenus.hirtellus.NYS.pdf
Opuntia stricta Erect prickly pear Terrestrial Yes
CFIA
Orchestes fagi Beech leaf-mining weevil Terrestrial Yes Yes CFIA
Orgyia antiqua (L.) Rusty tussock moth Terrestrial



Oryza sativa Asian rice Terrestrial
Yes CFIA
Ottochloa nodosa Slender panic grass Terrestrial
Yes CFIA
Oxalis articulata Pink-sorrel Terrestrial
Yes CFIA
Oxalis latifolia Garden pink-sorrel Terrestrial
Yes CFIA
Oxalis perdicaria Citrino Terrestrial
Yes CFIA
Oxygonum sinuatum Oxygonum sinuatum Terrestrial
Yes CFIA
Papaver somniferum Opium poppy Terrestrial
Yes CFIA
Parthenium hysterophorus Santa Maria feverfew Terrestrial
Yes CFIA, European Commission https://circabc.europa.eu/faces/jsp/extension/wai/navigation/container.jsp?FormPrincipal:_idcl=FormPrincipal:_id1&FormPrincipal_SUBMIT=1&id=0944c633-2ebc-4f14-810e-51e9aef15465&javax.faces.ViewState=UWgbOQAb54PkidIxBi8O0bDDEZrBmjUvpstXh0lrecUf7ZtApMX4DXmmUtzbDXCFCe9a9srwCtRKcdYAQNb6ntf7MhoMsGDNusV4y0z9ImZUCi2M5WptN6%2B6D8SX8RDu8gCXFO0bC6WknZ5XjWr1FHkEkxxQXqNr74NapQ%3D%3D
Paspalum dilatatum Dallisgrass Terrestrial Yes
CFIA
Paspalum distichum Knotgrass Terrestrial Yes
CFIA
Paspalum laeve Field beadgrass Terrestrial
Yes CFIA
Paspalum scrobiculatum Kodo millet Terrestrial
Yes CFIA
Passiflora apetala Bat-wing passion flower Terrestrial
Yes CFIA
Pastinaca sativa Wild parsnip Terrestrial
Yes IN https://www.entm.purdue.edu/iisc/pdf/plants/Pastinaca_sativa.pdf
Paulownia elongata Paulownia elongata Terrestrial
Yes CFIA
Paulownia fortunei (Seem.) Hemsl. Dragon tree Terrestrial
Yes CFIA
Paulownia hybrid Paulownia hybrid Terrestrial
Yes CFIA
Paulownia tomentosa Empress tree Terrestrial
Yes CFIA, NY http://www.nyis.info/user_uploads/b5e88_Paulownia.tomentosa.NYS.pdf
Peganum harmala Esfand Terrestrial Yes
CFIA
Pennisetum clandestinum Kikuyu grass Terrestrial
Yes CFIA
Pennisetum purpureum Napier grass Terrestrial
Yes CFIA
Perilla frutescens Beefsteak plant Terrestrial Yes Yes CFIA
Persicaria chinensis Chinese knotweed Terrestrial Yes
USDA https://www.aphis.usda.gov/plant_health/plant_pest_info/weeds/downloads/wra/Persicaria_chinensis_WRA.pdf
Persicaria nepalensis Nepal knotweed Terrestrial Yes
USDA https://www.aphis.usda.gov/plant_health/plant_pest_info/weeds/downloads/wra/Persicaria-nepalensis.pdf
Persicaria perfoliata Mile-a-minute weed Terrestrial Yes Yes CFIA, NY http://www.nyis.info/user_uploads/a9b18_Persicaria.perfoliata.NYS.pdf
Persicaria thunbergii Persicaria thunbergii Terrestrial
Yes CFIA
Phacelia tanacetifolia Blue tansy Terrestrial
Yes CFIA
Phalaris brachystachys Shortspike canarygrass Terrestrial
Yes CFIA
Phalaris minor Littleseed canarygrass Terrestrial
Yes CFIA
Phalaris paradoxa Awned canarygrass Terrestrial
Yes CFIA
Phellodendron amurense Amur cork tree Terrestrial
Yes CFIA, NY, IN https://www.entm.purdue.edu/iisc/pdf/plants/Phellodendron_amurense.pdf, http://www.nyis.info/user_uploads/38285_Phellodendron.amurense.NYS.pdf
Phoradendron leucarpum American mistletoe Terrestrial Yes Yes CFIA
Phyllanthus maderaspatensis Canoe weed Terrestrial Yes
USDA https://www.aphis.usda.gov/plant_health/plant_pest_info/weeds/downloads/wra/Phyllanthus_maderaspatensis_WRA.pdf
Phyllostachys aureosulcata Yellow groove bamboo Terrestrial Yes
USDA, NY https://www.aphis.usda.gov/plant_health/plant_pest_info/weeds/downloads/wra/Phyllostachys_aureosulcata_WRA.pdf, http://www.nyis.info/user_uploads/6ab45_Phyllostachys.aureosulcata_and_P.aurea.NYS.pdf
Phyllostachys bissetii Bisset's bamboo Terrestrial
Yes CFIA
Phytophthora ramorum (Pr) Ramorum blight; Sudden Oak Death Terrestrial Yes Yes CFIA, NY http://www.nyis.info/user_uploads/480c9_Phytophthora%20ramorum.ecological.pdf
Picnomon acarna Soldier thistle Terrestrial
Yes CFIA
Pilea hyalina Pilea hyalina Terrestrial Yes
USDA https://www.aphis.usda.gov/plant_health/plant_pest_info/weeds/downloads/wra/Pilea_hyalina_WRA.pdf
Pinellia ternata Crow-dipper Terrestrial Yes Yes CFIA, NY http://www.nyis.info/user_uploads/3e67b_Pinellia.ternata.NYS.pdf
Pinus pinaster Maritime pine Terrestrial Yes
CFIA
Pissodes harcyniae (Herbst) Spruce weevil Terrestrial



Pistacia chinensis Chinese pistache Terrestrial Yes
USDA https://www.aphis.usda.gov/plant_health/plant_pest_info/weeds/downloads/wra/Pistacia_chinensis_WRA.pdf
Pithecoctenium crucigerum Monkey comb Terrestrial Yes Yes CFIA
Pityogenes chalcographus (Linné) Six-spined spruce bark beetle Terrestrial



Pleioblastus argenteostriatus Argenteostriatus bamboo Terrestrial
Yes CFIA
Pleioblastus fortunei Dwarf whitestripe Terrestrial
Yes CFIA
Polygonum cuspidatum Japanese knotweed Terrestrial
Yes NY http://www.nyis.info/user_uploads/19e83_Fallopia.japonica-sachalinensis.NYS.pdf
Polygonum sachalinense Giant knotweed Terrestrial



Praxelis clematidea Praxelis Terrestrial Yes Yes CFIA, USDA https://www.aphis.usda.gov/plant_health/plant_pest_info/weeds/downloads/wra/Praxelis_clematidea.pdf
Pristiphora erichsonii (Hartig) Larch sawfly Terrestrial



Pristiphora geniculata (Htg.) Mountain ash sawfly Terrestrial



Proboscidea louisianica Common devil's claw Terrestrial
Yes CFIA
Profenusa thomsoni (Konow) Ambermarked birch leafminer Terrestrial



Pueraria montana Kudzu Terrestrial Yes Yes CFIA, IN, NY https://www.entm.purdue.edu/iisc/pdf/plants/Pueraria_montana.pdf, http://www.nyis.info/user_uploads/522ce_Pueraria.montana.NYS.pdf
Rauvolfia vomitoria Poison devil's pepper Terrestrial
Yes CFIA
Rhamnus alaternus Italian buckthorn Terrestrial
Yes CFIA
Rhamnus cathartica Common buckthorn Terrestrial
Yes IN, NY https://www.entm.purdue.edu/iisc/pdf/plants/Rhamnus_cathartica.pdf, http://www.nyis.info/user_uploads/c1b35_Rhamnus.cathartica.NYS.pdf
Rhamnus frangula Glossy buckthorn Terrestrial



Rhodotypos scandens Black jetbead Terrestrial
Yes NY http://www.nyis.info/user_uploads/a4ab3_Rhodotypos.scandens.NYS.pdf
Rhyacionia buoliana (Denis and Schiffermuller) European pine shoot moth Terrestrial



Richardia brasiliensis Mexican clover Terrestrial
Yes CFIA
Robinia pseudoacacia Black locust Terrestrial
Yes NY http://www.nyis.info/user_uploads/97fa0_Robinia.pseudoacacia.NYS.pdf
Rosa multiflora Multiflora rose Terrestrial
Yes IN, NY https://www.entm.purdue.edu/iisc/pdf/plants/Rosa_multiflora.pdf, 
Rottboellia cochinchinensis Itchgrass Terrestrial Yes Yes CFIA
Rubus alceifolius Giant bramble Terrestrial
Yes CFIA
Rumex nepalensis Rumex nepalensis Terrestrial
Yes CFIA
Rumex sagittatus Rambling dock Terrestrial Yes Yes CFIA, USDA https://www.aphis.usda.gov/plant_health/plant_pest_info/weeds/downloads/wra/Rumex_sagittatus_WRA.pdf
Saccharum spontaneum Wild sugarcane Terrestrial Yes Yes CFIA
Saperda carcharias (Linné) Large poplar longhorned beetle Terrestrial



Saperda perforata (Pallas) Saperda perforata Terrestrial



Scolytus jacobsoni (Spessivtsev, 1919) Elm bark beetle Terrestrial Yes
CFIA
Scolytus multistriatus (Marsham) Smaller European elm bark beetle Terrestrial



Scolytus schevyrewi Semenov Banded elm bark beetle Terrestrial Yes
CFIA
Scolytus intricatus (Ratzeburg) European oak bark beetle Terrestrial



Scolytus morawitzi (Semenov)  Morawitz's bark beetle Terrestrial



Scolytus ratzeburgi ratzeburgi (Janson) Birch bark beetle Terrestrial



Scorzonera tau-saghyz Tau-saghyz Terrestrial
Yes CFIA
Senecio angulatus Creeping groundsel Terrestrial Yes Yes CFIA, USDA https://www.aphis.usda.gov/plant_health/plant_pest_info/weeds/downloads/wra/Senecio_angulatus_WRA.pdf
Senecio inaequidens Narrow-leaved ragwort Terrestrial Yes Yes CFIA
Senecio madagascariensis Madagascar ragwort Terrestrial Yes
CFIA
Senecio pterophorus African daisy Terrestrial
Yes CFIA
Senecio vernalis Spring groundsel Terrestrial
Yes CFIA
Senegalia catechu Catechu Terrestrial
Yes CFIA
Setaria pumila pallidefusca Cattail grass Terrestrial
Yes CFIA
Sida acuta Common wireweed Terrestrial
Yes CFIA
Sideritis montana Mountain ironwort Terrestrial Yes Yes CFIA,
USDA
https://www.aphis.usda.gov/plant_health/plant_pest_info/weeds/downloads/wra/Sideritis_montana_WRA.pdf
Silene pendula Peach blossom Terrestrial
Yes CFIA
Sirex noctilio Sirex woodwasp Terrestrial Yes Yes CFIA, NY http://www.nyis.info/user_uploads/537d2_Sirex%20noctilio.ecological.pdf
Sirex rufiabdominis (Xiao & Wu) Red-bodied horntail Terrestrial



Sium sisarum Skirret Terrestrial
Yes CFIA
Solandra maxima Gold vine Terrestrial
Yes CFIA
Solanum aviculare Poroporo Terrestrial
Yes CFIA
Solanum elaeagnifolium Silverleaf nightshade Terrestrial Yes
CFIA
Solanum sisymbriifolium Sticky nightshade Terrestrial Yes Yes CFIA, USDA https://www.aphis.usda.gov/plant_health/plant_pest_info/weeds/downloads/wra/Solanum_sisymbriifolium_WRA.pdf
Soliva sessilis Field burrweed Terrestrial Yes
CFIA
Sorghum bicolor drummondii Shattercane Terrestrial Yes
USDA https://www.aphis.usda.gov/plant_health/plant_pest_info/weeds/downloads/wra/sorghum-bicolor-drummondii.pdf
Sorghum halepense Johnsongrass Terrestrial Yes Yes USDA, IN https://www.aphis.usda.gov/plant_health/plant_pest_info/weeds/downloads/wra/sorghum-halepense.pdf, https://www.entm.purdue.edu/iisc/pdf/plants/Sorghum_halepense.pdf
Spermacoce alata Winged false buttonweed Terrestrial
Yes CFIA
Syringa josikaea Hungarian lilac Terrestrial
Yes CFIA
Syringa komarowii reflexa Nodding lilac Terrestrial
Yes CFIA
Syringa oblata Early lilac Terrestrial
Yes CFIA
Syringa pubescens microphylla Littleleaf lilac Terrestrial
Yes CFIA
Syringa reticulata Japanese tree lilac Terrestrial
Yes CFIA, NY http://www.nyis.info/user_uploads/a3c7f_Syringa.reticulata.NYS.pdf
Syringa villosa  Late lilac Terrestrial
Yes CFIA
Syringa wolfii Wolf's lilac Terrestrial
Yes CFIA
Taeniatherum caput-medusae Medusahead Terrestrial Yes
CFIA
Taeniothrips inconsequens (Uzel) Pear thrips Terrestrial



Tagetes minuta Southern cane marigold Terrestrial
Yes CFIA
Tamarix sp. Salt cedar Terrestrial Yes
CFIA
Taraxacum kok-saghyz Kazakh dandelion Terrestrial Yes Yes CFIA
Tarchonanthus camphoratus Camphor bush Terrestrial
Yes CFIA
Tetranychus viennensis Hawthorn spider mite Terrestrial



Tetropium fuscum (Fabricius) Brown spruce longhorn beetle Terrestrial Yes
CFIA
Tetropium castaneum (Linnaeus, 1758) Black spruce beetle Terrestrial



Tetropium gracilicorne (Reitter) Thin-antenna spruce borer Terrestrial



Thesium arvense Thesium arvense Terrestrial
Yes CFIA
Thlaspi arvense Field pennygrass Terrestrial Yes
USDA https://www.aphis.usda.gov/plant_health/plant_pest_info/weeds/downloads/wra/Thlaspi-arvense.pdf 
Thymelaea passerina Spurge flax Terrestrial Yes
USDA https://www.aphis.usda.gov/plant_health/plant_pest_info/weeds/downloads/wra/Thymelaea_passerina_WRA.pdf
Tomicus piniperda (L.) Pine shoot beetle Terrestrial



Toona sinensis Chinese toon Terrestrial  Yes
USDA https://www.aphis.usda.gov/plant_health/plant_pest_info/weeds/downloads/wra/Toona_sinensis_WRA.pdf
Torilis arvensis Common hedge parsley Terrestrial
Yes CFIA
Tortrix viridana (Linné) European oak leafroller Terrestrial



Tridax procumbens Coat buttons Terrestrial Yes Yes USDA https://www.aphis.usda.gov/plant_health/plant_pest_info/weeds/downloads/wra/Tridax_procumbens.pdf
Trifolium vesiculosum Arrowleaf clover Terrestrial
Yes CFIA
Triplaris melaenodendron Long John Terrestrial Yes
USDA https://www.aphis.usda.gov/plant_health/plant_pest_info/weeds/downloads/wra/Triplaris_melaenodendron_WRA.pdf
Typha angustifolia Narrow-leaved cattail Terrestrial



Ventenata dubia North Africa grass Terrestrial
Yes CFIA
Venturia saliciperda (Nüesch) Willow scab Terrestrial



Vigna unguiculata Cowpea Terrestrial
Yes CFIA
Vinca minor Periwinkle Terrestrial
Yes IN, NY https://www.entm.purdue.edu/iisc/pdf/plants/Vinca_minor_and_major.pdf, http://www.nyis.info/user_uploads/6b9da_Vinca%20minor.NYS.pdf
Vincetoxicum hirundinaria White swallow-wort Terrestrial
Yes CFIA
Viscum album European mistletoe Terrestrial Yes Yes CFIA
Vitex rotundifolia Roundleaf chastetree Terrestrial Yes Yes CFIA, USDA, NY https://www.aphis.usda.gov/plant_health/plant_pest_info/weeds/downloads/wra/Vitex_rotundifolia_WRA.pdf, http://www.nyis.info/user_uploads/bf8f1_Vitex.rotundifolia.NYS.pdf
Wikstroemia indica Tiebush Terrestrial Yes
USDA https://www.aphis.usda.gov/plant_health/plant_pest_info/weeds/downloads/wra/Wikstroemia_indica_WRA.pdf
Wisteria sp. Wisteria species Terrestrial
Yes CFIA
Wollemia nobilis Wollemi pine Terrestrial Yes
CFIA
Xanthoceras sorbifolium Yellowhorn Terrestrial Yes
USDA
Xanthogaleruca luteola (Müller) Elm leaf beetle Terrestrial



Xanthomonas populi  Bacterial canker of poplar Terrestrial



Xeranthemum annuum Common Immortelle Terrestrial
Yes CFIA
Xyleborinus saxeseni (Ratzeburg) Lesser shothole borer Terrestrial



Xylosandrus germanus (Blandford) Black stem borer Terrestrial



Xylotrechus altaicus (Gebler) Xylotrechus altaicus Terrestrial



Xylotrechus rufilius (Bates) Xylotrechus rufilius Terrestrial



Zea mays mays Maiz Terrestrial Yes
USDA
Zea mays mays (GE herbicide resistant) Maize (GE herbicide resistant) Terrestrial Yes
USDA https://www.aphis.usda.gov/plant_health/plant_pest_info/weeds/downloads/wra/Zea-mays-subsp-mays.pdf
Zeuzera pyrina Leopard moth Terrestrial Yes
CFIA
Zygophyllum fabago Syrian bean-caper Terrestrial Yes
CFIA
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