Invasive Species Centre BMP Database

The Best Management Practices (BMP) Database provides a collection of easily accessible resources on various invasive species and pathways in Canada and the U.S. It is a tool that includes best management practices, response plans, management plans, action plans, and protocols to help individuals and organizations manage terrestrial and aquatic invasive species!

Please note that management documents and recommendations vary across jurisdictions to address diverse objectives and criteria. Before implementing any management strategy, check with your local rules, regulations, and authorities.

Have a resource to add? Send us a message at info@invasivespeciescentre.ca!

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SpeciesScientific Name Type of PlanDeveloped byReference/Link
Dog Strangling Vine Cynanchum rossicum &
Cynanchum louiseae
Best Management PracticeOntario
Invasive Plant Council (OIPC), partners, & Ontario Ministry of Natural
Resources (OMNRF)
Anderson, H. 2012. Invasive
Dog-strangling Vine (Vincetoxicum rossicum) Best Management Practices in
Ontario. Ontario Invasive Plant Council, Peterborough, ON. Retrieved from
(link)
European BuckthornRhamnus catharticaBest Management
Practice
OIPC, partners, &
OMNRF
Anderson, H. 2012. Invasive
Common (European) Buckthorn (Rhamnus cathartica): Best Management Practices
in Ontario. Ontario Invasive Plant Council, Peterborough, ON. Retrieved from
(link)
European BuckthornRhamnus catharticaBest Management
Practice
Michigan Department
of Natural Resources 
Michigan Department of Natural
Resources, Michigan Natural Features Inventory. 2012. Invasive Species - Best
Control Practices. Retrieved from
(link)
European BuckthornRhamnus catharticaBest Management
Practice
Nature Manitoba and
City of Winnipeg
Nature Manitoba. 2014. European
buckthorn best management practices – a manual for managers and stewards of
natural areas. Winnipeg, Manitoba. Retrieved from
(link)
Garlic Mustard Alliaria petiolataBest Management
Practice
OIPC, partners, &
OMNRF
Anderson, H. 2012. Invasive
Garlic Mustard (Alliaria petiolate) Best Management Practices in Ontario.
Ontario Invasive Plant Council. Peterborough, ON. Retrieved from
(link)
Garlic Mustard Alliaria petiolataBest Management
Practice
Nature Conservancy of
Canada
Nature Conservancy of Canada
(NCC). 2007. Control Methods for the Invasive Plant Garlic Mustard (Alliaria
petiolata) within Ontario Natural Areas.V1.0. NCC – Southwestern Ontario
Region, London, Ontario. 16 pp. Retrieved from
(link)
Garlic Mustard Alliaria petiolataBest Management
Practice
Michigan Department
of Natural Resources 
Michigan Department of Natural
Resources, Michigan Natural Features Inventory. 2018. Invasive Species - Best
Control Practices. Retrieved from
(link)
Garlic Mustard Alliaria petiolataBest Management
Practice
Ramsey CountyRamsey Conservation District.
2016. Garlic Mustard Best Management Practices. Retrieved from
(link)
Garlic Mustard Alliaria petiolataManagement Plan Clean Annapolis River
Project (CARP)
Godwin, M. 2008. Garlic Mustard
(Alliaria petiolate) Management Plan 2012 Update for the Village of Grand Pre
and Surrounding Area Nova Scotia, Canada. Retrieved from
(link)
Garlic Mustard Alliaria petiolataBest Management
Practice
King County King County Noxious Weed Control
Program. 2010. Garlic Mustard Best Management Practices. Retrieved from
(link)
Giant HogweedHeracleum mantegazzianumBest Management
Practice
OIPC, partners, &
OMNRF
MacDonald, F., & Anderson,
H. 2012. Giant Hogweed (Heracleum mantegazzianum): Best Management Practices
in Ontario. Ontario Invasive Plant Council, Peterborough, ON. Retrieved from
(link)
Giant HogweedHeracleum mantegazzianumBest Management
Practice
Metro
Vancouver & Invasive Species Council of Metro Vancouver
Metro Vancouver and the Invasive
Species Council of Metro Vancouver. 2019. Best Management Practices for Giant
Hogweed in the Metro Vancouver Region. Retrieved from
(link)
Giant HogweedHeracleum mantegazzianumBest Management
Practice
King County King County Noxious Weed Control
Program. 2010. Giant Hogweed Best Management Practices. Retrieved from
(link)
Phragmites Phragmites australis subsp. AustralisBest Management
Practice
OIPC, partners, &
OMNRF
Ontario Ministry of Natural
Resources, Invasive Phragmites – Best Management Practices, Ontario Ministry
of Natural Resources, Peterborough, Ontario. Version 2011. 15p. Retrieved
from
(link)
Phragmites Phragmites australis subsp. AustralisManagement Plan Lambton
Shores Phragmites Community Group
Gilbert, J. M., & Vidler, N.
2013. Invasive Phragmites Management Plan for the Municipality of Lambton
Shores, Ontario. Retrieved from
(link)
Phragmites Phragmites australis subsp. AustralisAction PlanWatershed
Monitoring Team Nottawasaga Valley Conservation Authority
Watershed Monitoring Team
Nottawasaga Valley Conservation Authority. 2016. Phragmites & Invasive
Species Action Plan for the Nottawasaga Valley Watershed. Retrieved from
(link)
Phragmites Phragmites australis subsp. AustralisBest Management
Practice
King County King County Noxious Weed Control
Program. 2010. Common Reed - Phragmites Best Management Practices. Retrieved
from
(link)
Himalayan BalsamImpatiens glanduliferaBest Management
Practice
Metro
Vancouver & Invasive Species Council of Metro Vancouver
Metro Vancouver and the Invasive
Species Council of Metro Vancouver. 2019. Best Management Practices for
Himalayan Balsam in the Metro Vancouver Region. Retrieved from
(link)
Himalayan BalsamImpatiens glanduliferaBest Management
Practice
King County King County Noxious Weed Control
Program. 2010. Policeman's Helmet Best Management Practices. Retrieved from
(link)
Japanese KnotweedReynoutria japonica var. japonicaBest Management
Practice
OIPC, partners, &
OMNRF
Anderson, H. 2012. Invasive
Japanese Knotweed (Fallopia japonica (Houtt.)). Best Management Practices in
Ontario. Ontario Invasive Plant Council, Peterborough, ON. Retrieved from
(link)
Japanese KnotweedReynoutria japonica var. japonicaBest Management PracticeMetro
Vancouver & Invasive Species Council of Metro Vancouver
Metro Vancouver and the Invasive
Species Council of Metro Vancouver. 2018. Best Management Practices for
Knotweed Species in the Metro Vancouver Region. Retrieved from
(link)
Japanese KnotweedReynoutria japonica var. japonicaBest Management
Practice
New
Hampshire Department of Agriculture, Markets & Food
Cygan, D. 2018. Preventing the
Spread of Japanese Knotweed (Reynoutria japonica) Best Management Practices.
New Hampshire Department of Agriculture, Markets & Food. Retrieved from
(link)
Japanese KnotweedReynoutria japonica var. japonicaBest Management PracticeKing County King County Noxious Weed Control
Program. 2010. Invasive Knotweeds Best Management Practices. Retrieved from
(link)
Japanese KnotweedReynoutria japonica var. japonicaBest Management PracticeMichigan Department
of Natural Resources 
Michigan Department of Natural
Resources, Michigan Natural Features Inventory. 2012. Invasive Species - Best
Control Practices. Retrieved from
(link)
Wild ParnsipPastinaca sativaBest Management
Practice
OIPC, partners, &
OMNRF
Tassie, D., & Sherman, K.
2014. Invasive Wild Parsnip (Pastinaca sativa) Best Management Practices in
Ontario. Ontario Invasive Plant Council, Peterborough, ON. Retrieved from
(link)
Wild ParnsipPastinaca sativaBest Management
Practice
Michigan Department of Natural
Resources 
Michigan Department of Natural
Resources, Michigan Natural Features Inventory. 2018. Invasive Species - Best
Control Practices - Wild Parsnip. Retrieved from
(link)
Purple LoosestrifeLythrum salicariaBest Management
Practice
OIPC, partners, &
OMNRF
Warne, A. 2016. Purple
Loosestrife (Lythrum salicaria) Best Management Practices in Ontario. Ontario
Invasive Plant Council, Peterborough, ON. Retrieved from
(link)
Purple LoosestrifeLythrum salicariaBest Management
Practice
King County King County Noxious Weed Control
Program. 2011. Purple Loosestrife Best Management Practices. Retrieved from
(link)
Purple LoosestrifeLythrum salicariaManagement Plan The Regional
Lythrum salicaria Working Group 
The Regional Lythrum salicaria
Working Group. 2004. Purple Loosestrife (Lythrum salicaria) in the Chesapeake
Bay Watershed: A Regional Management Plan. Retrieved from
(link)
Tree of HeavenAilanthus altissimaBest Management
Practice
Penn
State
Penn State. (n.d.). Managing
Tree-of-Heaven (Ailanthus altissima) on Roadsides. Retrieved from
(link)
Tree of HeavenAilanthus altissimaBest Management
Practice
Lower
Hudson Valley Prison
Travis, K.B. 2016. Best
Management Practices for Invasive Plants – Tree-of-Heaven (Ailanthus
altissima). Retrieved from
(link)
European Black AlderAlnus glutinosaBest Management
Practice
OIPC, partners, &
OMNRF
Anderson, H. 2013. Invasive
European Black Alder (Alnus glutinosa) Best Management Practices in Ontario.
Ontario Invasive Plant Council, Peterborough, ON. Retrieved from
(link)
Black LocustRobinia pseudoacaciaBest Management
Practice
OIPC, partners, &
OMNRF
Warne, A. 2016. Black locust
(Robinia pseudocacia L.) Best Management Practices in Ontario. Ontario
Invasive Plant Council, Peterborough, ON. Retrieved from
(link)
Black LocustRobinia pseudoacaciaBest Management
Practice
Michigan Department of Natural
Resources 
Michigan Department of Natural
Resources, Michigan Natural Features Inventory. 2012. Invasive Species - Best
Control Practices. Retrieved from
(link)
Reed Canary GrassPhalaris arundinacea subsp.
Arundinacea
Best Management
Practice
OIPC, partners, &
OMNRF
Anderson, H. 2012. Invasive Reed
Canary Grass (Phalaris arundinacea subsp. Arundinacea) Best Management
Practices in Ontario. Ontario Invasive Plant Council, Peterborough, ON.
Retrieved from
(link)
Reed Canary GrassPhalaris arundinacea subsp.
Arundinacea
Best Management PracticeMinnesota Department
of Transportation
Reinhardt, C., &
Galatowitsch, S.M. 2004. Best Management Practices for the Invasive Phalaris
arundinacea L. (Reed canary grass) in Wetland Restorations. Water Resources
Science, University of Minnesota & Department of Horticultural Science,
University of Minnesota. Retrieved from
(link)
Reed Canary GrassPhalaris arundinacea subsp.
Arundinacea
Best Management PracticeThe Nature
Conservancy 
Tu, M. 2004. Reed Canarygrass
(Phalaris arundinacea L.) Control & Management in the Pacific Northwest.
The Nature Conservancy, Oregon Field Office. Retrieved from
(link)
Reed Canary GrassPhalaris arundinacea subsp.
Arundinacea
Management Plan Wisconsin
Reed Canary Grass Management Working Group
Wisconsion Reed Canary Grass
Management Working Group. 2009. Reed Canary Grass (Phalaris arundinacea)
Management Guide: Recommendations for Landowners and Restoration
Professionals. Retrieved from
(link)
Reed Canary GrassPhalaris arundinacea subsp.
Arundinacea
Best Management PracticeKing
County 
King County Noxious Weed Control
Program. 2015. Reed Canarygrass Best Management Practices. Retrieved from
(link)
Invasive Honeysuckles Best Management
Practice
OIPC, partners, &
OMNRF
Tassie, D., & Sherman, K.
2014. Invasive Honeysuckles (Lonicera spp.) Best Management Practices in
Ontario. Ontario Invasive Plant Council, Peterborough, ON. Retrieved from
(link)
Invasive Honeysuckles Management Plan Illinois Department
of Natural Resources
Nyboer, R. 2007. Vegetation
Management Guideline Bush Honeysuckles: Tartarian, Morrow’s, Belle, and Amur
Honeysuckle (Lonicera tatarica L., L. morrowii Gray, L. x bella Zabel, and L.
maackii (Rupr.) Maxim.). Illinous Department of Natural Resources. Retrieved
from
(link)
Invasive Honeysuckles Best Management
Practice
Green Ribbon InitiativeGreen Ribbon Initiative. 2019.
Oak Openings Region Best Management Practices Morrow’s Honeysuckle. Retrieved
from
(link)
White Sweet CloverMelilotus albusBest Management
Practice
OIPC, partners, &
OMNRF
Anderson, H. 2013. Invasive
White Sweet Clover (Melilotus albus) Best Management Practices in Ontario.
Ontario Invasive Plant Council, Peterborough, ON. Retrieved from
(link)
Scots PinePinus sylvestrisBest Management
Practice
OIPC, partners, &
OMNRF
Marinich, A., and Powell, K.
2017. Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris L.) Best Management Practices in Ontario.
Ontario Invasive Plant Council, Peterborough, ON. Retrieved from
(link)
Spotted KnapweedCentaurea stoebeBest Management
Practice
OIPC, partners, &
OMNRF
Sherman, K., & Powell, K.
2017. Spotted Knapweed (Centaurea stoebe) Best Management Practices in
Ontario. Ontario Invasive Plant Council, Peterborough, ON. Retrieved from
(link)
Spotted KnapweedCentaurea stoebeBest Management
Practice
King County King County Noxious Weed Control
Program. 2010. Spotted Knapweed Best Management Practices. Retrieved from
(link)
Spotted KnapweedCentaurea stoebeBest Management
Practice
Tillamook
County Soil & Water Conservation District
Tillamook County Soil &
Water Conservation District. (n.d.). Tillamook County SWCD Best Management
Practices Spotted Knapweed. Retrieved from
(link)
Spotted KnapweedCentaurea stoebeBest Management
Practice
Jefferson
County Noxious Weed Control Board
Jefferson County Noxious Weed
Control Board. (n.d.). Best Management Practices Spotted Knapweed (Centaurea
stoebe). Retrieved from
(link)
Spotted KnapweedCentaurea stoebeManagement Plan Department of
Conservation and Recreation and Friends of Myles Standish State Park 
Baecker, J., & Kadis, I.
2012. Department of Conservation and Recreation Revised Spotted Knapweed
Management Plan Myles Standish State Forest. Department of Conservation and
Recreation & Friends of Myles Standish State Forest. Retrieved from
(link)
Multiflora RoseRosa multifloraBest Management
Practice
OIPC, partners, &
OMNRF
Warne, A. 2018. Multiflora rose
(Rosa multiflora) Best Management Practices in Ontario. Ontario Invasive
Plant Council, Peterborough, ON. Retrieved from
(link)
Multiflora RoseRosa multifloraBest Management
Practice
Green Ribbon InitiativeGreen Ribbon Initiative. 2018. Oak Openings Region Best
Management Practices Multiflora Rose. Retrieved from
(link)
Multiflora RoseRosa multifloraBest Management
Practice
Illinois Department
of Conservation
Szafonia, B. 2007. Vegetation
Management Guideline Multiflora Rose (Rosa multiflora Thunb.). Illinois
Department of Conservation. Retrieved from
(link)
Multiflora RoseRosa multifloraBest Management
Practice
Illinois Department of Natural
Resources
Szafonia, B. 2017. Vegetation
Management Guideline Multiflora Rose (Rosa multiflora Thunb.). Illinois
Department of Natural Resources. Retrieved from
(link)
Autumn OliveElaeagnus umbellataBest Management
Practice
OIPC, partners, &
OMNRF
Warne, A. 2018. Autumn olive
(Elaeagnus umbellate) Best Management Practices in Ontario. Ontario Invasive
Plant Council, Peterborough, ON. Retrieved from

(link)
Autumn OliveElaeagnus umbellataBest Management
Practice
Michigan Department
of Natural Resources 
Michigan Department of Natural
Resources, Michigan Natural Features Inventory. 2012. Autumn Olive Invasive
Species - Best Control Practices. Retrieved from
(link)
Japanese BarberryBerberis thunbergiiBest Management
Practice
Michigan Department
of Natural Resources 
Michigan Department of Natural
Resources, Michigan Natural Features Inventory. 2012. Japanese Barberry
Invasive Species - Best Control Practices. Retrieved from
(link)
Japanese BarberryBerberis thunbergiiBest Management
Practice
Green Ribbon
Initiative
Green Ribbon Initiative. 2019.
Oak Openings Region Best Management Practices Japanese Barberry. Retrieved
from
(link)
Japanese StiltgrassMicrostegium vimineumBest Management PracticeWestern New
York Partnership for Regional Invasive Species Management
Western New York Partnership for
Regional Invasive Species Management (WNY PRISM). 2018. Best Management
Practices: Japanese Stiltgrass. Retrieved from
(link)
Japanese StiltgrassMicrostegium vimineumBest Management
Practice
Green Ribbon
Initiative
Green Ribbon Initiative. 2019.
Oak Openings Region Best Management Practices Japanese Stiltgrass. Retrieved
from
(link)
Grass CarpCtenopharyngodon idellaResponse PlanGreat Lakes Fishery CommissionLake Erie Committee, Great Lakes
Fishery Commission. 2018. Lake Erie Grass Carp Adaptive Response Strategy,
2019-2023. Retrieved from
(link)
Grass CarpCtenopharyngodon idellaResponse PlanOhio Department of
Natural Resources
ODNR Division of Wildlife. 2019.
Lake Erie Grass Carp Response Strategy: 2019-2023. Ohio Department of Natural
Resources, Division of Wildlife. Columbus, Ohio. Retrieved from
(link)
Grass CarpCtenopharyngodon idellaManagement Plan Asian Carp Working GroupConover, G., Simmonds R., &
Whalen M., editors. 2007. Management and control plan for bighead, black,
grass, and silver carps in the United States. Asian Carp Working Group,
Aquatic Nuisance Species Task Force, Washington, D.C. 223 pp. Retrieved from
(link)
Grass CarpCtenopharyngodon idellaResponse PlanMississippi
Interstate Cooperative Resource Association Asian Carp Advisory Committee
Mississippi Interstate
Cooperative Resource Association Asian Carp Advisory Committee. 2017.
Monitoring and Response Plan for Asian Carp in the Mississippi River Basin.
Retrieved from
(link)
Grass CarpCtenopharyngodon idellaResponse PlanAsian Carp
Regional Coordinating Committee
Asian Carp Regional Coordinating Committee. 2018. The Asian
Carp Monitoring and Response Plan. Retrieved from
(link)
Grass CarpCtenopharyngodon idellaAction PlanAsian Carp
Regional Coordinating Committee
Asian Carp Regional Coordinating
Committee. 2020. Asian Carp Action Plan for Fiscal Year 2020. Retrieved from
(link)
Black CarpMylopharyngodon piceusManagement Plan Asian Carp Working
Group
Conover, G., Simmonds R., &
Whalen, M., editors. 2007. Management and control plan for bighead, black,
grass, and silver carps in the United States. Asian Carp Working Group,
Aquatic Nuisance Species Task Force, Washington, D.C. 223 pp. Retrieved from
(link)
Black CarpMylopharyngodon piceusAction PlanAsian Carp
Regional Coordinating Committee
Asian Carp Regional Coordinating
Committee. 2020. Asian Carp Action Plan for Fiscal Year 2020. Retrieved from
(link)
Black CarpMylopharyngodon piceusResponse PlanAsian Carp
Regional Coordinating Committee
Asian Carp Regional Coordinating Committee. 2018. The Asian
Carp Monitoring and Response Plan. Retrieved from
(link)
Black CarpMylopharyngodon piceusResponse PlanMississippi
Interstate Cooperative Resource Association Asian Carp Advisory Committee
Mississippi Interstate
Cooperative Resource Association Asian Carp Advisory Committee. 2017.
Monitoring and Response Plan for Asian Carp in the Mississippi River Basin.
Retrieved from
(link)
Silver CarpHypophthalmichthys molitrixManagement Plan Asian Carp Working
Group
Conover, G., Simmonds, R., &
Whalen, M., editors. 2007. Management and control plan for bighead, black,
grass, and silver carps in the United States. Asian Carp Working Group,
Aquatic Nuisance Species Task Force,
Washington, D.C. 223 pp. Retrieved from (link)
Silver CarpHypophthalmichthys molitrixAction PlanAsian
Carp Regional Coordinating Committee
Asian Carp Regional Coordinating
Committee. 2020. Asian Carp Action Plan for Fiscal Year 2020. Retrieved from
(link)
Silver CarpHypophthalmichthys molitrixResponse PlanAsian
Carp Regional Coordinating Committee
Asian Carp Regional Coordinating Committee. 2018. The Asian
Carp Monitoring and Response Plan. Retrieved from
(link)
Silver CarpHypophthalmichthys molitrixResponse PlanMississippi
Interstate Cooperative Resource Association Asian Carp Advisory Committee
Mississippi Interstate
Cooperative Resource Association Asian Carp Advisory Committee. 2017.
Monitoring and Response Plan for Asian Carp in the Mississippi River Basin.
Retrieved from
(link)
Bighead CarpHypophthalmichthys nobilisManagement Plan Asian Carp Working
Group
Conover, G., Simmonds, R., &
Whalen, M., editors. 2007. Management and control plan for bighead, black,
grass, and silver carps in the United States. Asian Carp Working Group,
Aquatic Nuisance Species Task Force, Washington, D.C. 223 pp. Retrieved from
(link)
Bighead CarpHypophthalmichthys nobilisResponse PlanMississippi
Interstate Cooperative Resource Association Asian Carp Advisory Committee
Mississippi Interstate
Cooperative Resource Association Asian Carp Advisory Committee. 2017.
Monitoring and Response Plan for Asian Carp in the Mississippi River Basin.
Retrieved from
(link)
Bighead CarpHypophthalmichthys nobilisResponse PlanAsian
Carp Regional Coordinating Committee
Asian Carp Regional Coordinating Committee. 2018. The Asian
Carp Monitoring and Response Plan. Retrieved from
(link)
Bighead CarpHypophthalmichthys nobilisAction PlanAsian
Carp Regional Coordinating Committee
Asian Carp Regional Coordinating
Committee. 2020. Asian Carp Action Plan for Fiscal Year 2020. Retrieved from
(link)
European Green CrabCarcinus maenasManagement Plan Green Crab Control CommitteeGreen Grab Control Committee.
2002. Management Plan for the European Green Crab. Retrieved from
(link)
European Green CrabCarcinus maenasAction PlanNatural
Resources Consultants Inc., Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife,
Department of Fisheries and Oceans Canada, Washington Sea Grant, University
of Washington, and Puget Sound Partnership
Drinkwin, J., Pleus, A.,
Therriault, T., Talbot, R., Grason, E.W., McDonald, P.S., Adams, J., Hass,
T., Litle K. 2019. Salish Sea Transboundary Action Plan for Invasive European
Green Crab. Puget Sound Partnership. Retrieved from
(link)
Zebra and Quagga MusselsDreissena polymorpha &
Dreissena bugensis
Action PlanWestern
Regional Panel on Aquatic Nuisance Species
Western Regional Panel on
Aquatic Nuisance Species. 2010. Quagga-Zebra Mussel Action Plan for Western
U.S. Waters. Retrieved from
(link)
Zebra and Quagga MusselsDreissena polymorpha &
Dreissena bugensis
Management Plan Colorado
Division of Wildlife (CDOW)
Colorado Division of Wildlife
(CDOW). 2009. State of Colorado Zebra and Quagga Mussel Management Plan.
Retrieved from
(link)
Zebra and Quagga MusselsDreissena polymorpha &
Dreissena bugensis
Response PlanNational
Park Service U.S. Department of the Interior, Natural Resources Program
Center Fort Collins, Colorado
National Park Service U.S.
Department of the Interior. 2007. Quagga/Zebra Mussel Infestation Prevention
and Response Planning Guide. Natural Resources Program Center Fort Collins,
Colorado. Retrieved from
(link)
Zebra and Quagga MusselsDreissena polymorpha &
Dreissena bugensis
Response PlanWashington
Invasive Species Council & Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife
DeBruyckere, L.A., Brown, W.,
& Tweit, B. 2014. Washington Dreissenid Mussel Rapid Response Plan.
Creative Resource Strategies, LLC, Washington Invasive Species Council, &
Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife. Retrieved from
(link)
Zebra and Quagga MusselsDreissena polymorpha &
Dreissena bugensis
Action PlanSt.
Croix National Scenic Riverway Aquatic Invasive Species Interagency Task
Force
St. Croix National Scenic
Riverway Aquatic Invasive Species Interagency Task Force. 2017. 2017 Action
Plan for the Lower St. Croix River. Retrieved from
(link)
Zebra and Quagga MusselsDreissena polymorpha &
Dreissena bugensis
Response PlanENSR
International
ENSR International. 2005. Rapid
Response Plan for the Zebra Mussel (Dreissena polymorpha) in Massachusetts.
Retrieved from
(link)
Zebra and Quagga MusselsDreissena polymorpha &
Dreissena bugensis
Management Plan Paterson
Earth & Water Consulting
Paterson Earth & Water
Consulting. 2018. Dreissenid Mussels and Alberta’s Irrigation Infrastructure:
Strategic Pest Management Plan and Cost Estimate. Prepared for the Eastern
Irrigation District, Brooks, Alberta. 130 pp. Retrieved from
(link)
Zebra and Quagga MusselsDreissena polymorpha &
Dreissena bugensis
Response PlanPacific
States Marine Fisheries Commission & US Army Corps of Engineers,
Bonneville Lock and Dam
Athearn, J., & Darland, T.
2007. Bonneville Hydroelectric Project Response Plan for Zebra Mussels
(Dreissena polymorpha). Pacific States Marine Fisheries Commission & US
Army Corps of Engineers, Bonneville Lock and Dam. Retrieved from
(link)
Zebra and Quagga MusselsDreissena polymorpha &
Dreissena bugensis
Response PlanBritish
Columbia Inter-Ministry Invasive Species Working Group
Province of British Columbia.
2015. British Columbia Zebra and Quagga Mussel Early Detection and Rapid
Response Plan. Retrieved from
(link)

Zebra and Quagga MusselsDreissena polymorpha &
Dreissena bugensis
Response PlanUpper
Colorado Region Dreissenid Taskforce
Upper Colorado Region Dreissenid
Taskforce. 2010. Upper Colorado Region Prevention and Rapid Response Plan for
Dreissenid Mussels. Retrieved from
(link)
Parrot FeatherMyriophyllum aquaticumBest Management
Practice
King County King County Noxious Weed Control
Program. 2010. Parrotfeather Best Management Practices. Retrieved from
(link)
Parrot FeatherMyriophyllum aquaticumBest Management
Practice
Metro Vancouver
& Invasive Species Council of Metro Vancouver
Metro Vancouver and the Invasive
Species Council of Metro Vancouver. 2019. Best Management Practices for
Parrot's Feather in the Metro Vancouver Region. Metro Vancouver’s Regional
Planning Advisory Committee – Invasive Species Subcommittee, Burnaby, British
Columbia. Retrieved from
(link)
HydrillaHydrilla verticillataManagement Plan New
York State Department of Environmental Conservation
New York State Department of
Environmental Conservation. 2018. Croton Hydrilla Control Project Five-Year
Management Plan. Retrieved from
(link)
HydrillaHydrilla verticillataResponse PlanIllinois
Hydrilla Task Force 
Illinois Hydrilla Task Force.
2015. Early Detection Rapid Response Plan for Hydrilla verticillate in
Illinois. Illinois Hydrilla Task Force, Glencoe, Illinois. Retrieved from
(link)
HydrillaHydrilla verticillataManagement Plan Lake Austin
Hydrilla Task Force
Lake Austin Hydrilla Task Force.
2000. Lake Austin Hydrilla Management Plan. Retrieved from
(link)
HydrillaHydrilla verticillataManagement Plan New York City
Department of Environmental Protection
New York City Department of
Environmental Protection. 2018. Hydrilla Management Plan for New Croton
Reservoir. Retrieved from
(link)
European Water ChestnutTrapa natansManagement Plan OARSOARS. 2017. Water Chestnut
Management Guidance & Five-Year Management Plan for the Sudbury, Assabet,
and Concord River Watershed. OARS, Concord, MA. Retrieved from
(link)
European Water ChestnutTrapa natansManagement Plan Maryland
Department of Natural Resources 
Maryland Department of Natural
Resources. 2003. Water Chestnut (Trapa natans) in the Chesapeake Bay
Watershed: A Regional Management Plan. Retrieved from
(link)
European Frog-bitHydrocharis morsus-ranaeManagement Plan Lewis Creek
Association
Kuebbing, S., Smith, S., &
Wills, M., Lewis Creek Association. 2010. European Frogbit (Hydrocharis
morsus-ranae) Management Plan for Town Farm Bay Wetland. Lewis Creek
Association, Charlotte, VT. Retrieved from
(link)
Eurasian Water-milfoilMyriophyllum spicatumBest Management
Practice
King County King County Noxious Weed Control
Program. 2010. Eurasian Watermilfoil & Variable-leaf Milfoil Best
Management Practices. Retrieved from
(link)
Eurasian Water-milfoilMyriophyllum spicatumManagement Plan Okanagan Basin Water BoardOkanagan Basin Water Board.
2009. Management Plan for Eurasian watermilfoil (Myriophyllum spicatum) in
the Okanagan, British Columbia. Retrieved from
(link)
Eurasian Water-milfoilMyriophyllum spicatumManagement Plan Madrone Environmental Services Ltd. Madrone Environmental Service
Ltd. 2018. Eurasian Water-Milfoil Management Plan for Shawnigan Lake, BC.
Prepared for Richard J.P. Nesbitt & Shawnigan Lake School. Retrieved from
(link)
Eurasian Water-milfoilMyriophyllum spicatumBest Management
Practice
Minnesota Department of Natural
Resources
Minnesota Department of Natural
Resources. 2017. Invasive Aquatic Plant Management Best Management Practices
Eurasian Watermilfoil (Myriophyllum spicatum). Retrieved from
(link)
Eurasian Water-milfoilMyriophyllum spicatumManagement Plan NH Department of Environmental ServicesNH Department of Environmental
Services. 2018. Long-Term Eurasian Water-Milfoil Management Plan. NH
Department of Environmental Services, Post Pond, Lyme, NH. Retrieved from
(link)
Eurasian Water-milfoilMyriophyllum spicatumManagement Plan Quantitative Environmental Analysis, LLCQuantitative Environmental
Analysis, LLC. 2008. Black Lake Eurasian Watermilfoil Management Plan.
Prepared for Black Lake Invasive Weeds Committee, Hammond, NY. Retrieved from
(link)
Eurasian Water-milfoilMyriophyllum spicatumManagement Plan Fraser Basin CouncilFraser Basin Council. 2015.
Nicola Lake Eurasian Watermilfoil Management Plan – Pilot Program. Retrieved
from
(link)
Brazilian ElodeaEgeria densaBest Management
Practice
King County King County Noxious Weed Control
Program. 2014. Brazilian Elodea Best Management Practices. Retrieved from
(link)
FanwortCabomba carolinianaManagement Plan NH Department of Environmental ServicesNH Department of Environmental
Services. 2018. Long-Term Variable Milfoil and Fanwort Management Plan. NH
Department of Environmental Services, Phillips Pond, Sandown, New Hampshire.
Retrieved from
(link)
FanwortCabomba carolinianaResponse PlanENSR InternationalENSR International. 2005. Rapid
Response Plan for Fanwort (Cabomba caroliniana) in Massachusetts. Prepared
for Massachusetts Department of Conservation and Recreation. Retrieved from
(link)
Yellow IrisIris pseudacorusBest Management PracticeKing County King County Noxious Weed Control
Program. 2020. Yellow Flag Iris Best Management Practices. Retrieved from
(link)
Sea LampreyPetromyzon marinusManagement Plan Connecticut
River Atlantic Salmon Commission
Connecticut River Atlantic
Salmon Commission. 2018. Connecticut River Anadromous Sea Lamprey Management
Plan. Connecticut River Atlantic Salmon Commission, Sunderland,
Massachusetts. Retrieved from
(link)
Northern SnakeheadChanna argusManagement Plan Snakehead Plan
Development Committee
Snakehead Plan Development
Committee. 2014. National Control and Management Plan for Members of the
Snakehead Family (Channidae). Prepared for the Aquatic Nuisance Species Task
Force. Retrieved from
(link)
Northern SnakeheadChanna argusBest Management
Practice
New York
Invasive Species Research Institute
Brenner, J. 2018. Northern
Snakehead (Channa argus): Best Management Practices. Retrieved from
(link)
Emerald Ash BorerAgrilus planipennisManagement Plan Regional Municipality of YorkMarchant, K.R. 2011. York Region
Emerald Ash Borer Management Plan. Prepared for the Regional Municipality of
York. Retrieved from
(link)
Emerald Ash BorerAgrilus planipennisManagement Plan Davey Resource GroupDavey Resource Group. 2011.
Emerald Ash Borer Strategy City of London, Ontario. Prepared for the
Corporation of the City of London, London, Ontario. Retrieved from
(link)
Emerald Ash BorerAgrilus planipennisManagement Plan City of PeterboroughCity of Peterborough. 2013.
Emerald Ash Borer Management Plan. Retrieved from
(link)
Emerald Ash BorerAgrilus planipennisManagement Plan County of
Simcoe, County Forests Department
Marchant, K.R. 2014. A Strategic
Plan to Manage the Emerald Ash Borer in Simcoe County. Prepared for the
County of Simcoe, County Forests Department. Retrieved from
(link)
Emerald Ash BorerAgrilus planipennisManagement Plan City of LakevilleCity of Lakeville. 2018. Emerald
Ash Borer Management Plan. Retrieved from
(link)
Emerald Ash BorerAgrilus planipennisManagement Plan City of MississaugaMarchant, K.R. 2012. City of
Mississauga Emerald Ash Borer Management Plan. Prepared for the City of
Mississauga. Retrieved from
(link)
Emerald Ash BorerAgrilus planipennisManagement Plan City of GuelphMarchant, K.R. 2013. City of
Guelph Emerald Ash Borer Plan. Prepared for the City of Guelph. Retrieved
from
(link)
Emerald Ash BorerAgrilus planipennisManagement Plan Township of SelwynTownship of Selwyn. 2017.
Emerald Ash Borer (EAB) Management Plan. Retrieved from
(link)
Emerald Ash BorerAgrilus planipennisManagement Plan Urban Forests Innovations Inc. Urban Forests Innovations Inc.
2015. Emerald Ash Borer (EAB) Management Plan. Prepared for Township of
Centre Wellington, Elora, ON. Retrieved from

(link)
Emerald Ash BorerAgrilus planipennisResponse PlanManitoba Sustainable DevelopmentManitoba Sustainable
Development. 2017. Manitoba Emerald Ash Borer Response Plan. Retrieved from
(link)
Asian Longhorned BeetleAnoplophora glabripennisResponse PlanUnited
States Department of Agriculture, Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service,
Plant Protection and Quarantine
Rose, R. 2014. Asian Longhorned
Beetle Response Guidelines. Retrieved from
(link)
Spotted LanternflyLycorma delicatulaBest Management
Practice
Pennsylvania
Hardwoods Development Council
Pennsylvania Hardwoods
Development Council. 2018. Recommended Best Management Practices For the
Forest Products Industry Related to Spotted Lanternfly and Other Potential
Forest Pests in Pennsylvania. Retrieved from
(link)
Spotted LanternflyLycorma delicatulaBest Management
Practice
Penn State
Extension & Pennsylvania Department of Agriculture
Penn State Extension, &
Pennsylvania Department of Agriculture. 2018. Recommended Best Management
Practices Preventing Spread of Spotted Lanternfly For the Wine and Vineyard
Industry. Retrieved from
(link)
Spotted LanternflyLycorma delicatulaBest Management
Practice
Virginia
Cooperative Extension, Virginia Tech, Virginia State University
Day, E., Sutphin, M., &
Dellinger, T. 2019. Best Management Practices for Spotted Lanternfly in Yards
and Landscapes. Department of Entomology, Virginia Tech and Virginia
Cooperative Extension. Retrieved from
(link)
Spotted LanternflyLycorma delicatulaBest Management
Practice
Penn State
Extension & Pennsylvania Department of Agriculture
Penn State Extension, &
Pennsylvania Department of Agriculture. 2018. Recommended Best Management
Practices Preventing Spread of Spotted Lanternfly For the Green Industry.
Retrieved from
(link)
Spotted LanternflyLycorma delicatulaBest Management
Practice
United States
Department of Agriculture & Virginia Department of Agriculture and
Consumer Services
United States Department of
Agriculture & Virginia Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services.
(n.d.). Spotted Lanternfly (Lycorma delicatula) Best Management Practices for
Businesses. Retrieved from
(link)
Spotted LanternflyLycorma delicatulaAction PlanSes
Construction and Fuel Services LLC
Ses Construction and Fuel
Services LLC. 2019. Spotted Lanternfly Action Plan. Prepared for US Army
Garrison For Belvoir Directorate of Public Works Environmental Division.
Retrieved from
(link)
Hemlock Woolly AdelgidAdelges tsugaeManagement Plan Natural
Resources Canada, Canadian Food Inspection Agency, Silv-Econ Ltd, and Cornell
University
Emilson, C., Bullas-Appleton,
E., McPhee, D., Ryan, K., Stastny, M., Whitemore, M., & MacQuarrie, C.
J.K. 2018. Hemlock Woolly Adelgid Management Plan for Canada. Natural
Resources Canada, Sault Ste. Marie, ON. Retrieved from
(link)
Hemlock Woolly AdelgidAdelges tsugaeManagement Plan West Virginia
Department of Agriculture Cooperative Forest Health Protection Program 
Kish, K. 2007. Hemlock Woolly
Adelgid Management Plan. West Virginia Department of Agriculture Cooperative
Forest Health Protection Program. Retrieved from
(link)
Hemlock Woolly AdelgidAdelges tsugaeAction PlanNH Division of
Forests and Lands
NH Division of Forests and
Lands. 2018. Action Plan to Slow the Spread and Manage Hemlock Woolly Adelgid
within the State of New Hampshire. Retrieved from
(link)
Mountain Pine BeetleDendroctonus ponderosaeManagement Plan Alberta Sustainable
Resource Development
Alberta Sustainable Resource
Development. 2007. Mountain Pine Beetle Management Strategy. Retrieved from
(link)
Mountain Pine BeetleDendroctonus ponderosaeManagement Plan USDA Forest ServiceGibson, K.E. 2004. Management
Guide for Mountain Pine Beetle. USDA Forest Service. Retrieved from
(link)
Mountain Pine BeetleDendroctonus ponderosaeManagement Plan Jasper National
Park, Government of Alberta, and Canadian Forest Service
Jasper National Park, Government
of Alberta, & Canadian Forest Service. 2016. Mountain Pines Beetle
Management Plan Jasper National Park. Parks Canada, Jasper, AB. Retrieved
from
(link)
Mountain Pine BeetleDendroctonus ponderosaeManagement Plan Natural
Resources Canada, Canadian Forest Service and Pacific Forestry Centre
Natural Resources Canada,
Canadian Forest Service, & Pacific Forestry Centre. 2004. Mountain Pine
Beetle Management A Guide for Small Woodland Operations. Natural Resources
Canada, Victoria, BC. Retrieved from
(link)
Mountain Pine BeetleDendroctonus ponderosaeManagement Plan Land and Forest
Division of Alberta Government
Land and Forest Division. 2002.
Mountain Pine Beetle Management Strategy. Retrieved from
(link)
Mountain Pine BeetleDendroctonus ponderosaeAction PlanAlberta
Sustainable Resource Development
Alberta Sustainable Resource
Development. 2007. Mountain Pine Beetle Action Plan. Retrieved from
(link)
Mountain Pine BeetleDendroctonus ponderosaeAction PlanBC First
Nations Mountain Pine Beetle Interim Working Group
British Columbia Assembly of
First Nations, First Nations Summit, & Union of British Columbia Indian
Chiefs. 2005. BC First Nations Mountain Pine Beetle Action Plan. Retrieved
from
(link)
Mountain Pine BeetleDendroctonus ponderosaeAction PlanBritish
Columbia Ministry of Forests
British Columbia Ministry of
Forests. 2001. West-Central B.C. Mountain Pine Beetle Action Plan. Retrieved
from
(link)
Mountain Pine BeetleDendroctonus ponderosaeAction PlanBritish
Columbia Ministry of Forests, Mines and Lands
British Columbia Ministry of
Forests, Mines and Lands. 2006. Mountain Pine Beetle Action Plan 2006-2011.
Retrieved from
(link)
Brown Marmorated Stink BugHalyomorpha halysBest Management
Practice
FMC Professional
Solutions 
FMC Professional Solutions.
2011. Best Management Practices Brown Marmorated Stink Bugs (BMSB). Retrieved
from
(link)
Southern Pine BeetleDendroctonus frontalisManagement Plan New
York State Department of Environmental Conservation
Hassett, M., Cole, R., &
Dodds, K. 2017. New York State Southern Pine Beetle Management Plan.
Retrieved from
(link)
Oak WiltBretziella fagacearumManagement Plan New
York State Department of Environmental Conservation
Hassett M., Kotary J., &
Cole R. 2018. New York State Oak Wilt Management Plan. Retrieved from
(link)
Beech Bark DiseaseNectria coccinea var, faginataBest Management PracticeWisconsin
Department of Natural Resources
Wisconsin Department of Natural
Resources. 2012. Beech Bark Disease Best Management Practices for Reducing
the Movement of the Beech Scale. Retrieved from
(link)
Thousand Cankers DiseaseGeosmithia morbidaResponse PlanUSDA Forest ServiceUS Forest Service, Animal Plant
Health Inspection Service, National Association of State Foresters, and the
National Plant Board. 2011. National Response Framework for Thousand Cankers
Disease (TCD) on Walnut. Retrieved from
(link)
Thousand Cankers DiseaseGeosmithia morbidaManagement Plan Kansas
Department of Agriculture, Kansas Department of Forestry, & Kansas State
University of Plant Pathology
Appel, J.A., Atchinson, R.L.,
Armbrust, R., & Kennelly, M. 2014. State of Kansas Thousand Cankers
Disease of Walnut Strategic Plan. Kansas Department of Agriculture, Kansas
Department of Forestry & Kansas State University Department of Plant Pathology.
Retrieved from
(link)
Thousand Cankers DiseaseGeosmithia morbidaAction PlanTennessee
Department of Agriculture
Haun, G., Powell, S.,
Strohmeier, C., & Kirksey, J. 2010. State of Tennessee Thousand Cankers
Disease Action Plan. Tennessee Department of Agriculture. Retrieved from
(link)
Thousand Cankers DiseaseGeosmithia morbidaAction PlanPennsylavnia
Forest Pest Task Force
Pennsylvania
Forest Pest Task Force. 2012. Commonwealth of Pennsylvania Thousand Cankers
Disease Action Plan. Retrieved from
(link)
Thousand Cankers DiseaseGeosmithia morbidaAction PlanMissouri
Invasive Forest Pest Council
Missouri Invasive Forest Pest
Council. 2015. Thousand Cankers Disease of Black Walnut Action Plan.
Retrieved from
(link)
Sudden Oak DeathPhytophthora ramorumBest Management
Practice
HRI P. ramorum
Industry Working Group
HRI P. ramorum Industry Working
Group. (n.d.). Nursery Industry Best Management Practices for Phytophthora
ramorum. Retrieved from
(link)
Sudden Oak DeathPhytophthora ramorumBest Management
Practice
USDA Forest ServiceSuslow, K. 2008. Recommended
industry best management practices for the prevention of Phytophthora ramorum
introduction in nursery operations. In: Frankel, Susan J.; Kliejunas, John
T.; Palmieri, Katharine M., tech. coords. 2008. Proceedings of the sudden oak
death third science symposium. Gen. Tech. Rep. PSW-GTR-214. Albany, CA: U.S.
Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Pacific Southwest Research
Station. pp. 115-128. Retrieved from
(link)
Sudden Oak DeathPhytophthora ramorumAction PlanSudden Oak Death Task ForceSudden Oak Death Task Force.
2017. Strategic Action Plan. Retrieved from
(link)
Sudden Oak DeathPhytophthora ramorumResponse PlanUniversity of
California Cooperative Extension, Sonoma County and the Sonoma County
Department of Emergency Services
University of California
Cooperative Extension, Sonoma County & the Sonoma County Department of
Emergency Services. 2008. Sonoma County Sudden Oak Death Strategic Response
Plan. Retrieved from
(link)
Sudden Oak DeathPhytophthora ramorumManagement Plan US Forest
Service, Animal Plant Health Inspection Service, National Association of
State Foresters, and the National Plant Board
US Forest Service, Animal Plant
Health Inspection Service, National Association of State Foresters, and the
National Plant Board. 2011. National Response Framework for Sudden Oak Death.
Retrieved from
(link)
Sudden Oak DeathPhytophthora ramorumManagement Plan US
Forest Service, Animal Plant Health Inspection Service, National Association
of State Foresters, and the National Plant Board
US Forest Service, Animal Plant
Health Inspection Service, National Association of State Foresters, and the
National Plant Board. 2011. National Framework for Managing Sudden Oak Death
caused by Phytophthora ramorum in Forests and Wildlands. Retrieved from
(link)
Firewood Best Management PracticeCalifornia Firewood Task ForceCalifornia Firewood Task Force.
2017. Firewood Best Management Practices. Retrieved from
(link)
Firewood Best Management
Practice
Invasive Species CentreInvasive Species Centre. 2018.
Firewood Best Management Practices – Jurisdictional Scan and Analysis.
Prepared for the Canadian Council on Invasive Species. Retrieved from
(link)
Firewood Best Management PracticeCanadian Council on Invasive SpeciesCanadian Council on Invasive
Species. (n.d.) Firewood Best Practices for Producers. Retrieved from
(link)
Firewood Best Management
Practice
California Firewood Task ForceCalifornia Firewood Task Force.
(n.d.). Best Management Practices For Arborists and Tree Care Workers.
Retrieved from
(link)
Firewood Best Management
Practice
US Forest
Service, Department of Agriculture
USDA Forest Service. 2013.
Forest Service Handbook Pacific Southwest – Chapter 60 – Management of
Specific Pests. Section 64.1. Retrieved from
(link)
Firewood Best Management
Practice
 Tribal Best Management Practices
for Harvesting Firewood in the Ceded Territories of 1836, 1837, and 1842.
(n.d.). Retrieved from
(link)
Firewood Best Management
Practice
Colorado
Department of Agriculture
Colorado Department of
Agriculture. 2007. Firewood and Pests Recommendations. Retrieved from
(link)
Firewood Best Management
Practice
Cornell
Cooperative Extension
Ochterski, J. 2004. “Do It
Yourself” Best Management Practices. Cornell Cooperative Extension. Retrieved
from
(link)
Firewood Best Management
Practice
West Virginia
University 
Basham, E., & McGill, D.
2012. Firewood Best Management Practices. West Virginia University Davis
College and West Virginia University Extension Service. Retrieved from
(link)
Firewood Best Management
Practice
UNH Cooperative
Extension
UNH Cooperative Extension.
(n.d.). Best Practices to Help Stop the Spread of EAB in New Hampshire.
Retrieved from
(link)
Firewood Best Management
Practice
Colorado
Department of Agriculture, Division of Plant Industry Nursery Program
Colorado Department of
Agriculture, Division of Plant Industry Nursery Program. 2011. Best
Management Strategies for Movement and Use of Firewood in Colorado. Colorado
Department of Agriculture, Division of Plant Industry Nursery Program,
Lakewood, CO. Retrieved from
(link)
Boating Best Management
Practice
The Green
Marina Education and Outreach Project Team 
Green Marina Education and
Outreach Project Team. (n.d.). Great Lakes Clean Marina Best Management
Practices Guide. Sea Grant Michigan, Sea Grant Wisconsin, and Sea Grant Ohio
Sea Grant College Program. Retrieved from
(link)
Boating Best Management
Practice
Gouvernement du Québec,
Ministère des Forêts, de la Faune et des Parcs
Gouvernement du Québec,
Ministère des Forêts, de la Faune et des Parcs. 2018. Guide to Best Practices
in Aquatic Environments to Prevent the Introduction and Propagation of
Aquatic Invasive Species. Gouvernement du Québec, Ministère des Forêts, de la
Faune et des Parcs, Canada. Retrieved from
(link)

Boating Best Management PracticeState of Wisconsin, Department
of Natural Resources
State of Wisconsin, Department
of Natural Resources. 2020. Best Management Practices for Boat, Gear and
Equipment Decontamination. Retrieved from
(link)
Boating Best Management PracticeWisconsin Department of Natural
Resources
Wisconsin Department of Natural
Resources. 2020. Best Management Practices for Boat, Gear and Equipment
Decontamination. Retrieved from
(link)
Boating Best Management PracticeClean MarineClean Marine. (n.d.). Marina
Program Manual. Retrieved from
(link)
Boating Best Management PracticeMinnesota Department of Natural
Resources
Minnesota Department of Natural
Resources, Division of Parks and Trails. 2012. Aquatic Invasive Species Best
Management Practices for Water Access. Retrieved from
(link)
Boating Best Management PracticeConnecticut Department of
Energy & Environmental Protection
Connecticut Department of Energy
& Environmental Protection. 2013. Best Management Practices for Vessel
Decontamination. Connecticut Department of Energy & Environmental
Protection, Old Lyme, CT. Retrieved from
(link)
Boating Action PlanOntario Ministry of Natural
Resources
Ontario Ministry of Natural
Resources. 2019. Boaters Action Plan. Retrieved from
(link)
Horticulture Best Management
Practice
Virginia
Cooperative Extension, Virginia Tech, Virginia State University
Virginia Cooperative Extension.
2015. Horticultural Best Management Practices for VCE Master Gardener
Volunteers. Retrieved from
(link)
Horticulture Best Management
Practice
Oregon State
University
Oregon State University. (n.d.).
Best Management Practices (BMPs). Retrieved from
(link)
Horticulture Action PlanOntario
Ministry of Natural Resources
Ontario Ministry of Natural
Resources. 2019. Gardeners Action Plan. Retrieved from
(link)

Horticulture Action PlanCanadian
Council on Invasive Species
Canadian Council on Invasive
Species. (n.d.). Horticulture Action Plan. Canadian Council on Invasive
Species, Williams Lake, BC. Retrieved from
(link)
Horticulture ProtocolCanadian
Council on Invasive Species, Canadian Society of Landscape Architects, and
Canadian Nursery Landscape Association
Canadian Council on Invasive
Species, Canadian Society of Landscape Architects, and Canadian Nursery
Landscape Association. (n.d.). National Voluntary Code of Conduct for the
Ornamental Horticulture Industry. Retrieved from
(link)
Equipment Best Management
Practice
Parks Canada
Agency
Parks Canada Agency. 2016. Best
Management Practices for the Prevention of Invasive Species. Retrieved from
(link)
Equipment Best Management
Practice
Government of
Alberta
Government of Alberta. (n.d.).
Best Management Practices – Equipment Sanitation. Retrieved from
(link)

Equipment ProtocolGovernment of AlbertaGovernment of Alberta, Alberta
Environment and Parks. (2017). Decontamination Protocol For Watercraft &
Equipment. Retrieved from
(link)
Equipment ProtocolPeterborough
Stewardship Council and Ontario Invasive Plant Council
Halloran, J., Anderson, H., and
Tassie, D. 2013. Clean Equipment Protocol for Industry. Peterborough
Stewardship Council and Ontario Invasive Plant Council. Peterborough, ON.
Retrieved from
(link)
Ballast Water Best Management
Practice
The Shipping
Federation of Canada
The Shipping Federation of
Canada. 2000. Code of Best Practices for Ballast Water Management. Retrieved
from
(link)
Ballast Water Best Management
Practice
GEF-UNDP-IMO
GloBallast Partnerships Programme and Florida Institute of Technology
GEF-UNDP-IMO GloBallast
Partnerships Programme and Florida Institute of Technology. 2017. Guidance on
Best Management Practices for Sediment Reception Facilities under the Ballast
Water Management Convention. GloBallast, Monograph No. 23. Retrieved from
(link)

Ballast Water Best Management
Practice
Congressional
Research Service
Buck, H. E. 2010. Ballast Water
Management to Combat Invasive Species. Retrieved from
(link)
Aquaculture Best Management
Practice
Florida
Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services Division of Aquaculture
Florida Department of
Agriculture and Consumer Services Division of Aquaculture. 2016. Aquaculture
Best Management Practices Manual. Florida Department of Agriculture and
Consumer Services Division of Aquaculture, Tallahassee, Florida. Retrieved
from
(link)
Aquaculture Best Management
Practice
Conservation
International, Sustainable Fisheries Partnership, University of California
Santa Barbara
Bone, J., Clavelle, T.,
Ferreira, J. G., Grant, J., Ladner, I., Immink, A., . . . Taylor, N. G. 2018.
BEST PRACTICES FOR AQUACULTURE MANAGEMENT GUIDANCE FOR IMPLEMENTING THE
ECOSYSTEM APPROACH IN INDONESIA AND BEYOND [PDF]. Retrieved from
(link)
Aquaculture Best Management
Practice
Sea Grant Law
Center
Nichols, A. 2018. Regulating
Invasive Species in Aquaculture: Common State Approaches and Best Management
Practices. Sea Grant Law Center. Retrieved from
(link)
Aquaculture Management Plan Department of
Fisheries and Oceans Canada
Department of Fisheries and
Oceans Canada. 2017. Pacific Region Shellfish Integrated Management of
Aquaculture Plan. Canada., Department of Fisheries and Oceans. Retrieved from
(link)
Aquaculture Action PlanDepartment of
Fisheries and Oceans Canada
Department of Fisheries and
Oceans Canada. 2010. National Aquaculture Strategic Action Plan Initiative
(NASAPI) 2011-2015. Fisheries and Oceans Canada, Ottawa, Ontario. Retrieved
from
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Hunting/Game Management Plan Government of
Saskatchewan
Government of Saskatchewan.
2018. Game Management Plan. Retrieved from
(link)
Hunting/Game Action PlanOntario
Ministry of Natural Resources
Ontario Ministry of Natural
Resources. 2019. Anglers Action Plan. Retrieved from
(link)
Canal Management Plan Parks CanadaParks Canada. 2005. Rideau Canal
National Historic Site of Canada Management Plan (Canada). Retrieved from
(link)
Live Bait Best Management PracticeWisconsin
Department of Natural Resources
Wisconsin Department of Natural
Resources. 2011. Best Management Practices (BMPs) and Other Strategies For
Minimizing the Risk of Importing Invasive Fish Species in Bait and Forage
Shipments. Retrieved from
(link)
Outdoor Recreation Best Management
Practice
British
Columbia Ministry of Water, Land and Air Protection Ecosystem Standards and
Planning Biodiversity Branch & Grasslands Conservation Council of British
Columbia
British Columbia Ministry of
Water, Land and Air Protection Ecosystem Standards and Planning Biodiversity
Branch & Grasslands Conservation Council of British Columbia. 2004. Best
Management Practices for Recreational Activities on Grasslands in the Thompson
and Okanagan Basins. Retrieved from
(link)
Outdoor Recreation Best Management PracticeWisconsin
Council on Forestry
The Wisconsin Council on
Forestry. 2009. Best Management Practices for Preventing the Spread of
Invasive Species by Outdoor Recreation Activities in Wisconsin. Retrieved
from
(link)
Outdoor Recreation Best Management PracticeNorth
Country Trail Association
Ketchmark, A. 2010. Invasive
species: Best Management Practices. North Country Trail Association, Lowell,
MI. Retrieved from
(link)

Outdoor Recreation Best Management PracticeParks
Canada
Parks Canada. 2016. Parks Canada
National Best Management Practices for Trail Maintenance and Modification.
Retrieved from
(link)
Outdoor Recreation Management Plan Alberta
Environment and Parks
Alberta Environment and Parks.
2017. Livingstone-Porcupine Hills Recreation Management Plan. Government of
Alberta. ISBN No. 978-1-4601-3967-7. Retrieved from
(link)
Outdoor Recreation Action PlanOntario
Ministry of Natural Resources
Ontario Ministry of Natural
Resources. 2019. Hiking Action Plan. Retrieved from
(link)
Invasive Species Best Management PracticeThe University of GeorgiaMoorhead, D.J., K.A. Rawlins,
C.W. Evans, C.E. Barlow and C.T. Bargeron. 2011. A Land Manager’s Guide to
Best Management Practices (BMPs) to Prevent the Introduction and Spread of
Invasive Species. The University of Georgia. Center for Invasive Species and
Ecosystem Health, Tifton GA. BW-2011-03. 28 p. Retrieved from
(link)
Invasive Species Best Management
Practice
US
Forest Service, Department of Agriculture
US Forest Service Department of
Agriculture. 2012. Non-native Invasive Species Best Management Practices –
Guidance for the U.S. Forest Service Eastern Region. Retrieved from
(link)
Invasive Species Best Management
Practice
Wisconsin
Department of Natural Resources
Wisconsin Department of Natural
Resources. 2009. Wisconsin’s Forestry Best Management Practices For Invasive
Species. Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources, Madison, WI. Retrieved
from
(link)
Invasive Species Best Management
Practice
The
Maryland-National Capital Park and Planning Commission Department of Parks,
Montgomery County, Park Planning and Resource Stewardship Division, &
Natural resources Stewardship Section
The Maryland-National Capital
Park and Planning Commission Department of Parks, Montgomery County, Park
Planning and Resource Stewardship Division, & Natural Resources
Stewardship Section. 2015. Best Management Practices for Control of
Non-Native Invasives. Maryland-National Capital Park & Planning
Commission, Silver Spring, MD. 43 p. Retrieved from
(link)
Invasive Species Best Management
Practice
California
Invasive Plant Council
Cal-IPC. 2012. Preventing the
Spread of Invasive Plants: Best Management Practices for Land Managers (3rd
ed.). Cal-IPC Publication 2012-03. California Invasive Plant Council,
Berkeley, CA. Available at
(link)
Invasive Species Best Management
Practice
Ministry
of Environment and Climate Change Strategy (BC Parks) and Invasive Species
Council of British Columbia
Ministry of Environment and
Climate Change Strategy (BC Parks) and Invasive Species Council of British
Columbia. 2018. Best Management Practices For Invasive Plants in Parks and
Protected Areas of British Columbia (2018 ed.). Retrieved from
(link)
Invasive Species Best Management
Practice
District
of West Vancouver
District of West Vancouver.
2014. Best Management Practices and Target Plant Profiles Excerpt from
Invasive Plants Strategy. Retrieved from
(link)
Invasive Species Best Management
Practice
Saskatchewan
Forage Council
Saskatchewan Forage Council.
2011. BMPs for Invasive Plant Species – Hay. Retrieved from
(link)
Invasive Species Best Management
Practice
Saskatchewan
Forage Council
Saskatchewan Forage Council.
2010. BMPs for Invasive Plant Species – Forage Seed. Retrieved from
(link)
Invasive Species Best Management PracticeMN Invasive Species Advisory CouncilMN Invasive Species Advisory
Council. 2015. Best Management Practices for Preventing the Introduction,
Establishment, and Spread of Invasive Species. Retrieved from
(link)
Invasive Species Management Plan Ontario Ministry of Natural ResourcesOntario Ministry of Natural
Resources. 2020. Fisheries Management Plan (Fisheries Management Zone 4).
Ontario Ministry of Natural Resources, Canada. Retrieved from
(link)
Invasive Species Management Plan Ontario Ministry of Natural ResourcesOntario Ministry of Natural
Resources. 2018. Fisheries Management Plan (Fisheries Management Zone 5).
Ontario Ministry of Natural Resources, Canada. Retrieved from
(link)
Invasive Species Management Plan British
Columbia Ministry of Environment Lower Mainland Region Environmental
Stewardship Division
British Columbia Ministry of
Environment Lower Mainland Region Environmental Stewardship Division. 2007.
Skwelwil’em Squamish Estuary Wildlife Management Area Management Plan.
Retrieved from
(link)
Invasive Species Management Plan Keweenaw
Bay Indian Community Natural Resources Department
Keweenaw Bay Indian Community
Natural Resources Department. 2018. Terrestrial Invasive Species Management
Plan. Retrieved from
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Best Management Practices: provide recommendations on how to effectively manage or control invasive species while adhering to all necessary legislation, regulations and policies.

Management Plan: provides a clear approach towards preventing and managing the spread of invasive species and their potential impacts. This document outlines approaches to achieve these objectives and goals.

Action Plan: outlines the projects or activities needed to meet the goals and objectives by identifying and prioritising invasive species management. The plan can provide information on the species habitat; guidance on setting management priorities; how to coordinate public outreach and engagement; and evaluate the socio-economic costs and benefits.

Response Plan: is a support tool/framework that provides detailed instructions to follow in the event a new invasive species is reported. It serves as a guide to help identify, assess and determine when a response is required and what type of response should be considered.

Protocol: an official document that outlines preventative actions to help prevent the spread and introduction of invasive species