Invasive Species Centre BMP Database

The Best Management Practices (BMP) Database provides a collection of easily accessible resources on various invasive species and pathways in Canada and the U.S. It is a tool that includes best management practices, response plans, management plans, action plans, and protocols to help individuals and organizations manage terrestrial and aquatic invasive species!

Please note that management documents and recommendations vary across jurisdictions to address diverse objectives and criteria. Before implementing any management strategy, check with your local rules, regulations, and authorities.

Have a resource to add? Send us a message at info@invasivespeciescentre.ca!

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SpeciesScientific NameType of PlanDeveloped byReference/Link
American BullfrogLithobates catesbeianusBest Management PracticeMetro Vancouver & Invasive
Species Council of Metro Vancouver
Metro Vancouver and the Invasive Species Council of Metro
Vancouver. 2021. Best Management Practices for American Bullfrog in the Metro
Vancouver region. Retrieved from (link) 
Dog Strangling VineCynanchum
rossicum & Cynanchum louiseae
Best Management PracticeOntario
Invasive Plant Council (OIPC), partners, & Ontario Ministry of Natural
Resources (OMNRF)
Anderson,
H. 2012. Invasive Dog-strangling Vine (Vincetoxicum rossicum) Best Management
Practices in Ontario. Ontario Invasive Plant Council, Peterborough, ON.
Retrieved from
(link)
European BuckthornRhamnus catharticaBest Management
Practice
OIPC, partners, &
OMNRF
Anderson,
H. 2012. Invasive Common (European) Buckthorn (Rhamnus cathartica): Best
Management Practices in Ontario. Ontario Invasive Plant Council,
Peterborough, ON. Retrieved from
(link)
European BuckthornRhamnus catharticaBest Management
Practice
Michigan Department
of Natural Resources 
Michigan
Department of Natural Resources, Michigan Natural Features Inventory. 2012.
Invasive Species - Best Control Practices. Retrieved from
(link)
European BuckthornRhamnus catharticaBest Management
Practice
Nature Manitoba and
City of Winnipeg
Nature
Manitoba. 2014. European buckthorn best management practices – a manual for
managers and stewards of natural areas. Winnipeg, Manitoba. Retrieved from
(link)
English and Irish IviesHedera helix Hedera
hibernica
Best Management
Practice
Metro Vancouver &
Invasive Species Council of Metro Vancouver
Metro Vancouver and the Invasive Species Council of Metro
Vancouver. 2019. Best Management Practices for English and Irish Ivies in the
Metro Vancouver Region. Retrieved from (link)
English HollyIlex aquifoliumBest Management
Practice
Metro Vancouver &
Invasive Species Council of Metro Vancouver
Metro Vancouver and the Invasive Species Council of Metro
Vancouver. 2019. Best Management Practices for English Holly in the Metro
Vancouver Region. Retrieved from (link)
Garlic MustardAlliaria petiolataBest Management
Practice
OIPC, partners, &
OMNRF
Anderson,
H. 2012. Invasive Garlic Mustard (Alliaria petiolate) Best Management
Practices in Ontario. Ontario Invasive Plant Council. Peterborough, ON.
Retrieved from
(link)
Garlic MustardAlliaria petiolataBest Management
Practice
Nature Conservancy of
Canada
Nature
Conservancy of Canada (NCC). 2007. Control Methods for the Invasive Plant
Garlic Mustard (Alliaria petiolata) within Ontario Natural Areas.V1.0. NCC –
Southwestern Ontario Region, London, Ontario. 16 pp. Retrieved from
(link)
Garlic MustardAlliaria petiolataBest Management
Practice
Michigan Department
of Natural Resources 
Michigan
Department of Natural Resources, Michigan Natural Features Inventory. 2018.
Invasive Species - Best Control Practices. Retrieved from
(link)
Garlic MustardAlliaria petiolataBest Management
Practice
Ramsey CountyRamsey
Conservation District. 2016. Garlic Mustard Best Management Practices.
Retrieved from
(link)
Garlic MustardAlliaria petiolataManagement PlanClean Annapolis River
Project (CARP)
Godwin,
M. 2008. Garlic Mustard (Alliaria petiolate) Management Plan 2012 Update for
the Village of Grand Pre and Surrounding Area Nova Scotia, Canada. Retrieved
from
(link)
Garlic MustardAlliaria petiolataBest Management
Practice
King CountyKing
County Noxious Weed Control Program. 2010. Garlic Mustard Best Management
Practices. Retrieved from
(link)
Giant HogweedHeracleum
mantegazzianum
Best Management
Practice
OIPC, partners, &
OMNRF
MacDonald,
F., & Anderson, H. 2012. Giant Hogweed (Heracleum mantegazzianum): Best
Management Practices in Ontario. Ontario Invasive Plant Council,
Peterborough, ON. Retrieved from
(link)
Giant HogweedHeracleum
mantegazzianum
Best Management
Practice
Metro
Vancouver & Invasive Species Council of Metro Vancouver
Metro
Vancouver and the Invasive Species Council of Metro Vancouver. 2019. Best
Management Practices for Giant Hogweed in the Metro Vancouver Region.
Retrieved from
(link)
Giant HogweedHeracleum
mantegazzianum
Best Management
Practice
King CountyKing
County Noxious Weed Control Program. 2010. Giant Hogweed Best Management
Practices. Retrieved from
(link)
PhragmitesPhragmites australis
subsp. Australis
Best Management
Practice
OIPC, partners, &
OMNRF
Ontario
Ministry of Natural Resources, Invasive Phragmites – Best Management
Practices, Ontario Ministry of Natural Resources, Peterborough, Ontario.
Version 2011. 15p. Retrieved from
(link)
PhragmitesPhragmites australis
subsp. Australis
Best Management
Practice
OIPC, Ministry of
Environment, Conservation and Parks
Nichols, G. 2021. Invasive Phragmites (Phragmites australis)
Best management Practices in Ontario: Improving species at risk habitat
through the management of Invasive Phragmites. Ontario Invasive Plant
Council, Peterborough, ON. Retrieved from (link)
PhragmitesPhragmites australis
subsp. Australis
Management PlanLambton
Shores Phragmites Community Group
Gilbert,
J. M., & Vidler, N. 2013. Invasive Phragmites Management Plan for the
Municipality of Lambton Shores, Ontario. Retrieved from
(link)
PhragmitesPhragmites australis
subsp. Australis
Best Management
Practice
King CountyKing
County Noxious Weed Control Program. 2010. Common Reed - Phragmites Best
Management Practices. Retrieved from
(link)
Himalayan BalsamImpatiens
glandulifera
Best Management
Practice
Metro
Vancouver & Invasive Species Council of Metro Vancouver
Metro
Vancouver and the Invasive Species Council of Metro Vancouver. 2019. Best
Management Practices for Himalayan Balsam in the Metro Vancouver Region.
Retrieved from
(link)
Himalayan BalsamImpatiens
glandulifera
Best Management
Practice
King CountyKing
County Noxious Weed Control Program. 2010. Policeman's Helmet Best Management
Practices. Retrieved from
(link)
Japanese KnotweedReynoutria japonica
var. japonica
Best Management
Practice
OIPC, partners, &
OMNRF
Anderson,
H. 2012. Invasive Japanese Knotweed (Fallopia japonica (Houtt.)). Best
Management Practices in Ontario. Ontario Invasive Plant Council,
Peterborough, ON. Retrieved from
(link)
Japanese KnotweedReynoutria japonica
var. japonica
Best Management
Practice
Metro
Vancouver & Invasive Species Council of Metro Vancouver
Metro Vancouver and the
Invasive Species Council of Metro Vancouver. 2019. Best Management Practices
for Knotweed Species in the Metro Vancouver Region. Retrieved from (link)
Japanese KnotweedReynoutria japonica
var. japonica
Best Management
Practice
New
Hampshire Department of Agriculture, Markets & Food
Cygan, D.
2018. Preventing the Spread of Japanese Knotweed (Reynoutria japonica) Best
Management Practices. New Hampshire Department of Agriculture, Markets &
Food. Retrieved from
(link)
Japanese KnotweedReynoutria japonica
var. japonica
Best Management
Practice
King CountyKing
County Noxious Weed Control Program. 2010. Invasive Knotweeds Best Management
Practices. Retrieved from
(link)
Japanese KnotweedReynoutria japonica
var. japonica
Best Management
Practice
Michigan Department
of Natural Resources
Michigan
Department of Natural Resources, Michigan Natural Features Inventory. 2012.
Invasive Species - Best Control Practices. Retrieved from
(link)
Wild ParnsipPastinaca
sativa
Best Management
Practice
OIPC, partners, &
OMNRF
Tassie,
D., & Sherman, K. 2014. Invasive Wild Parsnip (Pastinaca sativa) Best
Management Practices in Ontario. Ontario Invasive Plant Council,
Peterborough, ON. Retrieved from
(link)
Wild ParnsipPastinaca
sativa
Best Management
Practice
Michigan Department
of Natural Resources
Michigan
Department of Natural Resources, Michigan Natural Features Inventory. 2018.
Invasive Species - Best Control Practices - Wild Parsnip. Retrieved from
(link)
Purple LoosestrifeLythrum salicariaBest Management
Practice
OIPC, partners, &
OMNRF
Warne, A.
2016. Purple Loosestrife (Lythrum salicaria) Best Management Practices in
Ontario. Ontario Invasive Plant Council, Peterborough, ON. Retrieved from
(link)
Purple LoosestrifeLythrum salicariaBest Management
Practice
King CountyKing
County Noxious Weed Control Program. 2011. Purple Loosestrife Best Management
Practices. Retrieved from
(link)
Purple LoosestrifeLythrum salicariaManagement PlanThe
Regional Lythrum salicaria Working Group
The
Regional Lythrum salicaria Working Group. 2004. Purple Loosestrife (Lythrum
salicaria) in the Chesapeake Bay Watershed: A Regional Management Plan.
Retrieved from
(link)
Tree of HeavenAilanthus altissimaBest Management
Practice
Penn
State
Penn
State. (n.d.). Managing Tree-of-Heaven (Ailanthus altissima) on Roadsides.
Retrieved from
(link)
Tree of HeavenAilanthus altissimaBest Management
Practice
Lower
Hudson Valley Prison
Travis,
K.B. 2016. Best Management Practices for Invasive Plants – Tree-of-Heaven
(Ailanthus altissima). Retrieved from
(link)
European Black AlderAlnus glutinosaBest Management
Practice
OIPC, partners, &
OMNRF
Anderson,
H. 2013. Invasive European Black Alder (Alnus glutinosa) Best Management
Practices in Ontario. Ontario Invasive Plant Council, Peterborough, ON.
Retrieved from
(link)
Black LocustRobinia pseudoacaciaBest Management
Practice
OIPC, partners, &
OMNRF
Warne, A.
2016. Black locust (Robinia pseudocacia L.) Best Management Practices in
Ontario. Ontario Invasive Plant Council, Peterborough, ON. Retrieved from
(link)
Black LocustRobinia pseudoacaciaBest Management
Practice
Michigan Department
of Natural Resources
Michigan
Department of Natural Resources, Michigan Natural Features Inventory. 2012.
Invasive Species - Best Control Practices. Retrieved from
(link)
Reed Canary GrassPhalaris
arundinacea subsp. Arundinacea
Best Management
Practice
OIPC, partners, &
OMNRF
Anderson,
H. 2012. Invasive Reed Canary Grass (Phalaris arundinacea subsp. Arundinacea)
Best Management Practices in Ontario. Ontario Invasive Plant Council,
Peterborough, ON. Retrieved from
(link)
Reed Canary GrassPhalaris
arundinacea subsp. Arundinacea
Best Management
Practice
Minnesota Department
of Transportation
Reinhardt,
C., & Galatowitsch, S.M. 2004. Best Management Practices for the Invasive
Phalaris arundinacea L. (Reed canary grass) in Wetland Restorations. Water
Resources Science, University of Minnesota & Department of Horticultural
Science, University of Minnesota. Retrieved from
(link)
Reed Canary GrassPhalaris
arundinacea subsp. Arundinacea
Best Management
Practice
The Nature ConservancyTu, M. 2004. Reed Canarygrass
(Phalaris arundinacea L.) Control & Management in the Pacific Northwest.
The Nature Conservancy, Oregon Field Office. Retrieved from
(link)
Reed Canary GrassPhalaris
arundinacea subsp. Arundinacea
Management PlanWisconsin
Reed Canary Grass Management Working Group
Wisconsion
Reed Canary Grass Management Working Group. 2009. Reed Canary Grass (Phalaris
arundinacea) Management Guide: Recommendations for Landowners and Restoration
Professionals. Retrieved from
(link)
Reed Canary GrassPhalaris
arundinacea subsp. Arundinacea
Best Management
Practice
King
County
King
County Noxious Weed Control Program. 2015. Reed Canarygrass Best Management
Practices. Retrieved from
(link)
Invasive Honeysuckles Best Management
Practice
OIPC, partners, &
OMNRF
Tassie,
D., & Sherman, K. 2014. Invasive Honeysuckles (Lonicera spp.) Best
Management Practices in Ontario. Ontario Invasive Plant Council,
Peterborough, ON. Retrieved from
(link)
Invasive Honeysuckles Management PlanIllinois Department
of Natural Resources
Nyboer,
R. 2007. Vegetation Management Guideline Bush Honeysuckles: Tartarian,
MorrowÂ’s, Belle, and Amur Honeysuckle (Lonicera tatarica L., L. morrowii
Gray, L. x bella Zabel, and L. maackii (Rupr.) Maxim.). Illinous Department
of Natural Resources. Retrieved from
(link)
Invasive Honeysuckles Best Management
Practice
Green Ribbon
Initiative
Green
Ribbon Initiative. 2019. Oak Openings Region Best Management Practices
MorrowÂ’s Honeysuckle. Retrieved from
(link)
White Sweet CloverMelilotus albusBest Management
Practice
OIPC, partners, &
OMNRF
Anderson,
H. 2013. Invasive White Sweet Clover (Melilotus albus) Best Management
Practices in Ontario. Ontario Invasive Plant Council, Peterborough, ON.
Retrieved from
(link)
Scots PinePinus sylvestrisBest Management
Practice
OIPC, partners, &
OMNRF
Marinich,
A., and Powell, K. 2017. Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris L.) Best Management
Practices in Ontario. Ontario Invasive Plant Council, Peterborough, ON.
Retrieved from
(link)
Spotted KnapweedCentaurea stoebeBest Management
Practice
OIPC, partners, &
OMNRF
Sherman,
K., & Powell, K. 2017. Spotted Knapweed (Centaurea stoebe) Best
Management Practices in Ontario. Ontario Invasive Plant Council,
Peterborough, ON. Retrieved from
(link)
Spotted KnapweedCentaurea stoebeBest Management
Practice
King CountyKing
County Noxious Weed Control Program. 2010. Spotted Knapweed Best Management
Practices. Retrieved from
(link)
Spotted KnapweedCentaurea stoebeBest Management
Practice
Tillamook
County Soil & Water Conservation District
Tillamook
County Soil & Water Conservation District. (n.d.). Tillamook County SWCD
Best Management Practices Spotted Knapweed. Retrieved from
(link)
Spotted KnapweedCentaurea stoebeBest Management
Practice
Jefferson
County Noxious Weed Control Board
Jefferson
County Noxious Weed Control Board. (n.d.). Best Management Practices Spotted
Knapweed (Centaurea stoebe). Retrieved from
(link)
Spotted KnapweedCentaurea stoebeManagement PlanDepartment
of Conservation and Recreation and Friends of Myles Standish State Park
Baecker,
J., & Kadis, I. 2012. Department of Conservation and Recreation Revised
Spotted Knapweed Management Plan Myles Standish State Forest. Department of
Conservation and Recreation & Friends of Myles Standish State Forest.
Retrieved from
(link)
Multiflora RoseRosa multifloraBest Management
Practice
OIPC, partners, &
OMNRF
Warne, A.
2018. Multiflora rose (Rosa multiflora) Best Management Practices in Ontario.
Ontario Invasive Plant Council, Peterborough, ON. Retrieved from
(link)
Multiflora RoseRosa multifloraBest Management
Practice
Green Ribbon
Initiative
Green Ribbon Initiative. 2018. Oak
Openings Region Best Management Practices Multiflora Rose. Retrieved from
(link)
Multiflora RoseRosa multifloraBest Management
Practice
Illinois Department
of Conservation
Szafonia, B. 2007. Vegetation
Management Guideline Multiflora Rose (Rosa multiflora Thunb.). Illinois
Department of Conservation. Retrieved from (link)
Multiflora RoseRosa multifloraBest Management
Practice
Illinois Department
of Natural Resources
Szafonia,
B. 2017. Vegetation Management Guideline Multiflora Rose (Rosa multiflora
Thunb.). Illinois Department of Natural Resources. Retrieved from
(link)
Autumn OliveElaeagnus umbellataBest Management
Practice
OIPC, partners, &
OMNRF
Warne, A.
2018. Autumn olive (Elaeagnus umbellate) Best Management Practices in
Ontario. Ontario Invasive Plant Council, Peterborough, ON. Retrieved from
(link)
Autumn OliveElaeagnus umbellataBest Management
Practice
Michigan Department
of Natural Resources 
Michigan
Department of Natural Resources, Michigan Natural Features Inventory. 2012.
Autumn Olive Invasive Species - Best Control Practices. Retrieved from
(link)
Japanese BarberryBerberis thunbergiiBest Management
Practice
Michigan Department
of Natural Resources
Michigan
Department of Natural Resources, Michigan Natural Features Inventory. 2012.
Japanese Barberry Invasive Species - Best Control Practices. Retrieved from
(link)
Japanese BarberryBerberis thunbergiiBest Management
Practice
Green Ribbon
Initiative
Green
Ribbon Initiative. 2019. Oak Openings Region Best Management Practices
Japanese Barberry. Retrieved from
(link)
Japanese StiltgrassMicrostegium vimineumBest Management
Practice
Western
New York Partnership for Regional Invasive Species Management
Western
New York Partnership for Regional Invasive Species Management (WNY PRISM).
2018. Best Management Practices: Japanese Stiltgrass. Retrieved from
(link)
Japanese StiltgrassMicrostegium vimineumBest Management
Practice
Green
Ribbon Initiative
Green
Ribbon Initiative. 2019. Oak Openings Region Best Management Practices
Japanese Stiltgrass. Retrieved from
(link)
Grass CarpCtenopharyngodon
idella
Response PlanGreat Lakes Fishery
Commission
Lake Erie
Committee, Great Lakes Fishery Commission. 2018. Lake Erie Grass Carp
Adaptive Response Strategy, 2019-2023. Retrieved from
(link)
Grass CarpCtenopharyngodon
idella
Response PlanOhio Department of
Natural Resources
ODNR
Division of Wildlife. 2019. Lake Erie Grass Carp Response Strategy:
2019-2023. Ohio Department of Natural Resources, Division of Wildlife.
Columbus, Ohio. Retrieved from
(link)
Grass CarpCtenopharyngodon
idella
Management PlanAsian Carp Working
Group
Conover,
G., Simmonds R., & Whalen M., editors. 2007. Management and control plan
for bighead, black, grass, and silver carps in the United States. Asian Carp
Working Group, Aquatic Nuisance Species Task Force, Washington, D.C. 223 pp.
Retrieved from
(link)
Grass CarpCtenopharyngodon
idella
Response PlanMississippi
Interstate Cooperative Resource Association Asian Carp Advisory Committee
Mississippi
Interstate Cooperative Resource Association Asian Carp Advisory Committee.
2017. Monitoring and Response Plan for Asian Carp in the Mississippi River
Basin. Retrieved from
(link)
Grass CarpCtenopharyngodon
idella
Response PlanAsian
Carp Regional Coordinating Committee
Asian Carp Regional Coordinating
Committee. 2018. The Asian Carp Monitoring and Response Plan. Retrieved from
(link)
Grass CarpCtenopharyngodon
idella
Action PlanAsian
Carp Regional Coordinating Committee
Asian Carp Regional Coordinating
Committee. 2020. Asian Carp Action Plan for Fiscal Year 2020. Retrieved from
(link)
Black CarpMylopharyngodon
piceus
Management PlanAsian Carp Working
Group
Conover,
G., Simmonds R., & Whalen, M., editors. 2007. Management and control plan
for bighead, black, grass, and silver carps in the United States. Asian Carp
Working Group, Aquatic Nuisance Species Task Force, Washington, D.C. 223 pp.
Retrieved from
(link)
Black CarpMylopharyngodon
piceus
Action PlanAsian
Carp Regional Coordinating Committee
Asian Carp Regional Coordinating
Committee. 2020. Asian Carp Action Plan for Fiscal Year 2020. Retrieved from
(link)
Black CarpMylopharyngodon
piceus
Response PlanAsian
Carp Regional Coordinating Committee
Asian Carp Regional Coordinating
Committee. 2018. The Asian Carp Monitoring and Response Plan. Retrieved from
(link)
Black CarpMylopharyngodon
piceus
Response PlanMississippi
Interstate Cooperative Resource Association Asian Carp Advisory Committee
Mississippi
Interstate Cooperative Resource Association Asian Carp Advisory Committee.
2017. Monitoring and Response Plan for Asian Carp in the Mississippi River
Basin. Retrieved from
(link)
Round GobyNeogobius
melanostomus
Response PlanFisheries
and Oceans Canada
Dimond, P.E., Mandrak, N.E.,
& Brownson, B. 2010. Summary of the Rapid Response to Round Goby
(Neogobius melanostomus) in Pefferlaw Brook with an Evaluation of the
National Rapid Response Framework based on the Pefferlaw Brook Experience.
Retrieved from
(link)
Silver CarpHypophthalmichthys
molitrix
Management PlanAsian Carp Working
Group
Conover,
G., Simmonds, R., & Whalen, M., editors. 2007. Management and control
plan for bighead, black, grass, and silver carps in the United States. Asian
Carp Working Group, Aquatic Nuisance Species Task Force,
Washington, D.C. 223 pp. Retrieved
from
(link)
Silver CarpHypophthalmichthys
molitrix
Action PlanAsian
Carp Regional Coordinating Committee
Asian Carp Regional Coordinating
Committee. 2020. Asian Carp Action Plan for Fiscal Year 2020. Retrieved from
(link)
Silver CarpHypophthalmichthys
molitrix
Response PlanAsian
Carp Regional Coordinating Committee
Asian Carp Regional Coordinating
Committee. 2018. The Asian Carp Monitoring and Response Plan. Retrieved from
(link)
Silver CarpHypophthalmichthys
molitrix
Response PlanMississippi
Interstate Cooperative Resource Association Asian Carp Advisory Committee
Mississippi
Interstate Cooperative Resource Association Asian Carp Advisory Committee.
2017. Monitoring and Response Plan for Asian Carp in the Mississippi River
Basin. Retrieved from
(link)
Bighead CarpHypophthalmichthys
nobilis
Management PlanAsian Carp Working
Group
Conover,
G., Simmonds, R., & Whalen, M., editors. 2007. Management and control
plan for bighead, black, grass, and silver carps in the United States. Asian
Carp Working Group, Aquatic Nuisance Species Task Force, Washington, D.C. 223
pp. Retrieved from
(link)
Bighead CarpHypophthalmichthys
nobilis
Response PlanMississippi
Interstate Cooperative Resource Association Asian Carp Advisory Committee
Mississippi
Interstate Cooperative Resource Association Asian Carp Advisory Committee.
2017. Monitoring and Response Plan for Asian Carp in the Mississippi River
Basin. Retrieved from
(link)
Bighead CarpHypophthalmichthys
nobilis
Response PlanAsian
Carp Regional Coordinating Committee
Asian Carp Regional Coordinating
Committee. 2018. The Asian Carp Monitoring and Response Plan. Retrieved from
(link)
Bighead CarpHypophthalmichthys
nobilis
Action PlanAsian
Carp Regional Coordinating Committee
Asian Carp Regional Coordinating
Committee. 2020. Asian Carp Action Plan for Fiscal Year 2020. Retrieved from
(link)
European Green CrabCarcinus maenasManagement PlanGreen Crab Control
Committee
Green
Grab Control Committee. 2002. Management Plan for the European Green Crab.
Retrieved from
(link)
European Green CrabCarcinus maenasAction PlanNatural
Resources Consultants Inc., Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife,
Department of Fisheries and Oceans Canada, Washington Sea Grant, University
of Washington, and Puget Sound Partnership
Drinkwin,
J., Pleus, A., Therriault, T., Talbot, R., Grason, E.W., McDonald, P.S.,
Adams, J., Hass, T., Litle K. 2019. Salish Sea Transboundary Action Plan for
Invasive European Green Crab. Puget Sound Partnership. Retrieved from
(link)
Zebra and Quagga MusselsDreissena
polymorpha & Dreissena bugensis
Action PlanWestern
Regional Panel on Aquatic Nuisance Species
Western Regional Panel on
Aquatic Nuisance Species. 2010. Quagga-Zebra Mussel Action Plan for Western
U.S. Waters. Retrieved from
(link)
Zebra and Quagga MusselsDreissena
polymorpha & Dreissena bugensis
Management PlanColorado
Division of Wildlife (CDOW)
Colorado
Division of Wildlife (CDOW). 2009. State of Colorado Zebra and Quagga Mussel
Management Plan. Retrieved from
(link)
Zebra and Quagga MusselsDreissena
polymorpha & Dreissena bugensis
Response PlanNational
Park Service U.S. Department of the Interior, Natural Resources Program
Center Fort Collins, Colorado
National
Park Service U.S. Department of the Interior. 2007. Quagga/Zebra Mussel
Infestation Prevention and Response Planning Guide. Natural Resources Program
Center Fort Collins, Colorado. Retrieved from
(link)
Zebra and Quagga MusselsDreissena
polymorpha & Dreissena bugensis
Response PlanWashington
Invasive Species Council & Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife
DeBruyckere,
L.A., Brown, W., & Tweit, B. 2014. Washington Dreissenid Mussel Rapid
Response Plan. Creative Resource Strategies, LLC, Washington Invasive Species
Council, & Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife. Retrieved from
(link)
Zebra and Quagga MusselsDreissena
polymorpha & Dreissena bugensis
Action PlanSt.
Croix National Scenic Riverway Aquatic Invasive Species Interagency Task
Force
St. Croix
National Scenic Riverway Aquatic Invasive Species Interagency Task Force.
2017. 2017 Action Plan for the Lower St. Croix River. Retrieved from
(link)
Zebra and Quagga MusselsDreissena
polymorpha & Dreissena bugensis
Response PlanENSR
International
ENSR
International. 2005. Rapid Response Plan for the Zebra Mussel (Dreissena
polymorpha) in Massachusetts. Retrieved from
(link)
Zebra and Quagga MusselsDreissena
polymorpha & Dreissena bugensis
Management PlanPaterson
Earth & Water Consulting
Paterson
Earth & Water Consulting. 2018. Dreissenid Mussels and AlbertaÂ’s
Irrigation Infrastructure: Strategic Pest Management Plan and Cost Estimate.
Prepared for the Eastern Irrigation District, Brooks, Alberta. 130 pp.
Retrieved from
(link)
Zebra and Quagga MusselsDreissena
polymorpha & Dreissena bugensis
Response PlanPacific
States Marine Fisheries Commission & US Army Corps of Engineers,
Bonneville Lock and Dam
Athearn,
J., & Darland, T. 2007. Bonneville Hydroelectric Project Response Plan
for Zebra Mussels (Dreissena polymorpha). Pacific States Marine Fisheries
Commission & US Army Corps of Engineers, Bonneville Lock and Dam.
Retrieved from
(link)
Zebra and Quagga MusselsDreissena
polymorpha & Dreissena bugensis
Response PlanBritish
Columbia Inter-Ministry Invasive Species Working Group
Province
of British Columbia. 2015. British Columbia Zebra and Quagga Mussel Early
Detection and Rapid Response Plan. Retrieved from
(link)

Zebra and Quagga MusselsDreissena
polymorpha & Dreissena bugensis
Response PlanUpper
Colorado Region Dreissenid Taskforce
Upper
Colorado Region Dreissenid Taskforce. 2010. Upper Colorado Region Prevention
and Rapid Response Plan for Dreissenid Mussels. Retrieved from
(link)
Parrot FeatherMyriophyllum
aquaticum
Best Management
Practice
King CountyKing
County Noxious Weed Control Program. 2010. Parrotfeather Best Management
Practices. Retrieved from
(link)
Parrot FeatherMyriophyllum
aquaticum
Best Management
Practice
Metro
Vancouver & Invasive Species Council of Metro Vancouver
Metro
Vancouver and the Invasive Species Council of Metro Vancouver. 2019. Best
Management Practices for Parrot's Feather in the Metro Vancouver Region.
Metro Vancouver’s Regional Planning Advisory Committee – Invasive Species
Subcommittee, Burnaby, British Columbia. Retrieved from
(link)
HydrillaHydrilla verticillataManagement PlanNew
York State Department of Environmental Conservation
New York
State Department of Environmental Conservation. 2018. Croton Hydrilla Control
Project Five-Year Management Plan. Retrieved from

(link)
HydrillaHydrilla verticillataResponse PlanIllinois Hydrilla Task ForceIllinois Hydrilla Task Force.
2015. Early Detection Rapid Response Plan for Hydrilla verticillate in
Illinois. Illinois Hydrilla Task Force, Glencoe, Illinois. Retrieved from
(link)
HydrillaHydrilla verticillataManagement PlanLake Austin Hydrilla Task ForceLake
Austin Hydrilla Task Force. 2000. Lake Austin Hydrilla Management Plan.
Retrieved from
(link)
HydrillaHydrilla verticillataManagement PlanNew
York City Department of Environmental Protection
New York
City Department of Environmental Protection. 2018. Hydrilla Management Plan
for New Croton Reservoir. Retrieved from
(link)
European Water ChestnutTrapa natansManagement PlanOARSOARS.
2017. Water Chestnut Management Guidance & Five-Year Management Plan for
the Sudbury, Assabet, and Concord River Watershed. OARS, Concord, MA.
Retrieved from
(link)
European Water ChestnutTrapa natansManagement PlanMaryland
Department of Natural Resources
Maryland
Department of Natural Resources. 2003. Water Chestnut (Trapa natans) in the
Chesapeake Bay Watershed: A Regional Management Plan. Retrieved from
(link)
European Frog-bitHydrocharis
morsus-ranae
Management PlanLewis Creek
Association
Kuebbing,
S., Smith, S., & Wills, M., Lewis Creek Association. 2010. European
Frogbit (Hydrocharis morsus-ranae) Management Plan for Town Farm Bay Wetland.
Lewis Creek Association, Charlotte, VT. Retrieved from
(link)
European Frog-bitHydrocharis
morsus-ranae
Best Management
Practice
OIPC, ECCC &
Canadian Wildlife Service-Ontario
Simkovic, V. 2020. European Frog-Bit (Hydrocharis
morsus-ranae): Best Management Practices in Ontario. Ontario Invasive Plant
Council, Peterborough, ON. Retrieved from (link)
Eurasian Water-milfoilMyriophyllum spicatumBest Management
Practice
King CountyKing
County Noxious Weed Control Program. 2010. Eurasian Watermilfoil &
Variable-leaf Milfoil Best Management Practices. Retrieved from
(link)
Eurasian Water-milfoilMyriophyllum spicatumManagement PlanOkanagan Basin Water
Board
Okanagan
Basin Water Board. 2009. Management Plan for Eurasian watermilfoil
(Myriophyllum spicatum) in the Okanagan, British Columbia. Retrieved from
(link)
Eurasian Water-milfoilMyriophyllum spicatumManagement PlanMadrone Environmental
Services Ltd.
Madrone
Environmental Service Ltd. 2018. Eurasian Water-Milfoil Management Plan for
Shawnigan Lake, BC. Prepared for Richard J.P. Nesbitt & Shawnigan Lake
School. Retrieved from
(link)
Eurasian Water-milfoilMyriophyllum spicatumBest Management
Practice
Minnesota
Department of Natural Resources
Minnesota
Department of Natural Resources. 2017. Invasive Aquatic Plant Management Best
Management Practices Eurasian Watermilfoil (Myriophyllum spicatum). Retrieved
from
(link)
Eurasian Water-milfoilMyriophyllum spicatumManagement PlanNH Department of
Environmental Services
NH
Department of Environmental Services. 2018. Long-Term Eurasian Water-Milfoil
Management Plan. NH Department of Environmental Services, Post Pond, Lyme,
NH. Retrieved from
(link)
Eurasian Water-milfoilMyriophyllum spicatumManagement PlanQuantitative
Environmental Analysis, LLC
Quantitative
Environmental Analysis, LLC. 2008. Black Lake Eurasian Watermilfoil
Management Plan. Prepared for Black Lake Invasive Weeds Committee, Hammond,
NY. Retrieved from
(link)
Eurasian Water-milfoilMyriophyllum spicatumManagement PlanFraser Basin CouncilFraser
Basin Council. 2015. Nicola Lake Eurasian Watermilfoil Management Plan –
Pilot Program. Retrieved from
(link)
Eurasian Water-milfoilMyriophyllum spicatumBest Management
Practice
OIPC, ECCC &
Canadian Wildlife Service-Ontario
Simkovic, V. 2020. Eurasian Water-Milfoil (Myriophyllum
spicatum): Best Management Practices in Ontario. Ontario Invasive Plant
Council, Peterborough, ON. Retrieved from (link) 
Brazilian ElodeaEgeria densaBest Management
Practice
King CountyKing
County Noxious Weed Control Program. 2014. Brazilian Elodea Best Management
Practices. Retrieved from
(link)
FanwortCabomba carolinianaManagement PlanNH Department of
Environmental Services
NH
Department of Environmental Services. 2018. Long-Term Variable Milfoil and
Fanwort Management Plan. NH Department of Environmental Services, Phillips
Pond, Sandown, New Hampshire. Retrieved from
(link)
FanwortCabomba carolinianaResponse PlanENSR InternationalENSR
International. 2005. Rapid Response Plan for Fanwort (Cabomba caroliniana) in
Massachusetts. Prepared for Massachusetts Department of Conservation and
Recreation. Retrieved from
(link)
Flowering RushButomus umbellatusBest Management
Practice
OIPC, ECCC &
Canadian Wildlife Service-Ontario
Simkovic, V. 2020. Flowering Rush (Butomus umbellatus): Best
Management Practices in Ontario. Ontario Invasive Plant Council,
Peterborough, ON. Retrieved from (link)
Yellow IrisIris pseudacorusBest Management
Practice
King CountyKing
County Noxious Weed Control Program. 2020. Yellow Flag Iris Best Management
Practices. Retrieved from
(link)
Sea LampreyPetromyzon marinusManagement PlanConnecticut
River Atlantic Salmon Commission
Connecticut
River Atlantic Salmon Commission. 2018. Connecticut River Anadromous Sea
Lamprey Management Plan. Connecticut River Atlantic Salmon Commission,
Sunderland, Massachusetts. Retrieved from
(link)
Northern SnakeheadChanna argusManagement PlanSnakehead Plan
Development Committee
Snakehead
Plan Development Committee. 2014. National Control and Management Plan for
Members of the Snakehead Family (Channidae). Prepared for the Aquatic
Nuisance Species Task Force. Retrieved from
(link)
Northern SnakeheadChanna argusBest Management
Practice
New
York Invasive Species Research Institute
Brenner,
J. 2018. Northern Snakehead (Channa argus): Best Management Practices.
Retrieved from
(link)
Emerald Ash BorerAgrilus planipennisManagement PlanRegional Municipality
of York
Marchant,
K.R. 2011. York Region Emerald Ash Borer Management Plan. Prepared for the
Regional Municipality of York. Retrieved from
(link)
Emerald Ash BorerAgrilus planipennisManagement PlanCity of PeterboroughCity of
Peterborough. 2013. Emerald Ash Borer Management Plan. Retrieved from
(link)
Emerald Ash BorerAgrilus planipennisManagement PlanCounty
of Simcoe, County Forests Department
Marchant,
K.R. 2014. A Strategic Plan to Manage the Emerald Ash Borer in Simcoe County.
Prepared for the County of Simcoe, County Forests Department. Retrieved from
(link)
Emerald Ash BorerAgrilus planipennisManagement PlanCity of LakevilleCity of
Lakeville. 2018. Emerald Ash Borer Management Plan. Retrieved from
(link)
Emerald Ash BorerAgrilus planipennisManagement PlanCity of MississaugaMarchant,
K.R. 2012. City of Mississauga Emerald Ash Borer Management Plan. Prepared
for the City of Mississauga. Retrieved from
(link)
Emerald Ash BorerAgrilus planipennisManagement PlanCity of GuelphMarchant, K.R. 2013. City of
Guelph Emerald Ash Borer Plan. Prepared for the City of Guelph. Retrieved
from
(link)
Emerald Ash BorerAgrilus planipennisManagement PlanTownship of SelwynTownship
of Selwyn. 2017. Emerald Ash Borer (EAB) Management Plan. Retrieved from
(link)
Emerald Ash BorerAgrilus planipennisManagement PlanUrban Forests
Innovations Inc.
Urban
Forests Innovations Inc. 2015. Emerald Ash Borer (EAB) Management Plan.
Prepared for Township of Centre Wellington, Elora, ON. Retrieved from
(link)
Emerald Ash BorerAgrilus planipennisResponse PlanManitoba Sustainable
Development
Manitoba
Sustainable Development. 2017. Manitoba Emerald Ash Borer Response Plan.
Retrieved from
(link)
Asian Longhorned BeetleAnoplophora
glabripennis
Response PlanUnited
States Department of Agriculture, Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service,
Plant Protection and Quarantine
Rose, R.
2014. Asian Longhorned Beetle Response Guidelines. Retrieved from
(link)
Spotted LanternflyLycorma delicatulaBest Management
Practice
Pennsylvania
Hardwoods Development Council
Pennsylvania
Hardwoods Development Council. 2018. Recommended Best Management Practices
For the Forest Products Industry Related to Spotted Lanternfly and Other
Potential Forest Pests in Pennsylvania. Retrieved from
(link)
Spotted LanternflyLycorma delicatulaBest Management
Practice
Penn
State Extension & Pennsylvania Department of Agriculture
Penn
State Extension, & Pennsylvania Department of Agriculture. 2018.
Recommended Best Management Practices Preventing Spread of Spotted Lanternfly
For the Wine and Vineyard Industry. Retrieved from
(link)
Spotted LanternflyLycorma delicatulaBest Management
Practice
Virginia
Cooperative Extension, Virginia Tech, Virginia State University
Day, E.,
Sutphin, M., & Dellinger, T. 2019. Best Management Practices for Spotted
Lanternfly in Yards and Landscapes. Department of Entomology, Virginia Tech
and Virginia Cooperative Extension. Retrieved from

(link)
Spotted LanternflyLycorma delicatulaBest Management
Practice
Penn
State Extension & Pennsylvania Department of Agriculture
Penn
State Extension, & Pennsylvania Department of Agriculture. 2018.
Recommended Best Management Practices Preventing Spread of Spotted Lanternfly
For the Green Industry. Retrieved from
(link)
Spotted LanternflyLycorma delicatulaBest Management
Practice
United
States Department of Agriculture & Virginia Department of Agriculture and
Consumer Services
United
States Department of Agriculture & Virginia Department of Agriculture and
Consumer Services. (n.d.). Spotted Lanternfly (Lycorma delicatula) Best
Management Practices for Businesses. Retrieved from
(link)
Spotted LanternflyLycorma delicatulaAction PlanSes
Construction and Fuel Services LLC
Ses
Construction and Fuel Services LLC. 2019. Spotted Lanternfly Action Plan.
Prepared for US Army Garrison For Belvoir Directorate of Public Works
Environmental Division. Retrieved from
(link)
Hemlock Woolly AdelgidAdelges tsugaeManagement PlanNatural
Resources Canada, Canadian Food Inspection Agency, Silv-Econ Ltd, and Cornell
University
Emilson, C., Bullas-Appleton,
E., McPhee, D., Ryan, K., Stastny, M., Whitemore, M., & MacQuarrie, C.
J.K. 2018. Hemlock Woolly Adelgid Management Plan for Canada. Natural
Resources Canada, Sault Ste. Marie, ON. Retrieved from
(link)
Hemlock Woolly AdelgidAdelges tsugaeManagement PlanWest
Virginia Department of Agriculture Cooperative Forest Health Protection
Program
Kish, K.
2007. Hemlock Woolly Adelgid Management Plan. West Virginia Department of
Agriculture Cooperative Forest Health Protection Program. Retrieved from
(link)
Hemlock Woolly AdelgidAdelges tsugaeAction PlanNH
Division of Forests and Lands
NH
Division of Forests and Lands. 2018. Action Plan to Slow the Spread and
Manage Hemlock Woolly Adelgid within the State of New Hampshire. Retrieved
from
(link)
Hemlock Woolly AdelgidAdelges tsugaeManagement PlanUSDA
Forest Service, Forest Health Assessment and Applied Sciences Team
Mayfield, A.E., III; S.M. Salom;
K. Sumpter; T. McAvoy; N.F. Schneeberger; R. Rhea. 2020. Integrating chemical
and biological control of the hemlock woolly adelgid: a resource managerÂ’s
guide. FHAAST-2018-04. USDA Forest Service, Forest Health Assessment and
Applied Sciences Team. Retrieved from
(link)
Mountain Pine BeetleDendroctonus
ponderosae
Management Plan Alberta Sustainable
Resource Development
Alberta
Sustainable Resource Development. 2007. Mountain Pine Beetle Management
Strategy. Retrieved from
(link)
Mountain Pine BeetleDendroctonus
ponderosae
Management PlanUSDA Forest ServiceGibson,
K.E. 2004. Management Guide for Mountain Pine Beetle. USDA Forest Service.
Retrieved from
(link)
Mountain Pine BeetleDendroctonus
ponderosae
Management PlanJasper
National Park, Government of Alberta, and Canadian Forest Service
Jasper
National Park, Government of Alberta, & Canadian Forest Service. 2016.
Mountain Pines Beetle Management Plan Jasper National Park. Parks Canada,
Jasper, AB. Retrieved from
(link)
Mountain Pine BeetleDendroctonus
ponderosae
Management PlanNatural
Resources Canada, Canadian Forest Service and Pacific Forestry Centre
Natural
Resources Canada, Canadian Forest Service, & Pacific Forestry Centre.
2004. Mountain Pine Beetle Management A Guide for Small Woodland Operations.
Natural Resources Canada, Victoria, BC. Retrieved from
(link)
Mountain Pine BeetleDendroctonus
ponderosae
Management PlanLand
and Forest Division of Alberta Government
Land and
Forest Division. 2002. Mountain Pine Beetle Management Strategy. Retrieved
from
(link)
Mountain Pine BeetleDendroctonus
ponderosae
Action PlanAlberta
Sustainable Resource Development
Alberta
Sustainable Resource Development. 2007. Mountain Pine Beetle Action Plan.
Retrieved from
(link)
Mountain Pine BeetleDendroctonus
ponderosae
Action PlanBC
First Nations Mountain Pine Beetle Interim Working Group
British Columbia Assembly of
First Nations, First Nations Summit, & Union of British Columbia Indian
Chiefs. 2005. BC First Nations Mountain Pine Beetle Action Plan. Retrieved
from
(link)
Mountain Pine BeetleDendroctonus
ponderosae
Action PlanBritish
Columbia Ministry of Forests
British
Columbia Ministry of Forests. 2001. West-Central B.C. Mountain Pine Beetle
Action Plan. Retrieved from
(link)
Mountain Pine BeetleDendroctonus
ponderosae
Action PlanBritish
Columbia Ministry of Forests, Mines and Lands
British
Columbia Ministry of Forests, Mines and Lands. 2006. Mountain Pine Beetle
Action Plan 2006-2011. Retrieved from
(link)
Norway MapleAcer platanoidesBest Management
Practice
OIPC,
Regional Municipality of York & City of Toronto
Simkovic, V. 2020. Norway Maple (Acer platanoides): Best
Management Practices in Ontario. Ontario Invasive Plant Council,
Peterborough, ON. Retrieved from (link) 
Brown Marmorated Stink BugHalyomorpha halysBest Management
Practice
FMC Professional
Solutions
FMC
Professional Solutions. 2011. Best Management Practices Brown Marmorated
Stink Bugs (BMSB). Retrieved from
(link)
Southern Pine BeetleDendroctonus
frontalis
Management PlanNew
York State Department of Environmental Conservation
Hassett,
M., Cole, R., & Dodds, K. 2017. New York State Southern Pine Beetle
Management Plan. Retrieved from
(link)
Oak WiltBretziella fagacearumManagement PlanNew
York State Department of Environmental Conservation
Hassett
M., Kotary J., & Cole R. 2018. New York State Oak Wilt Management Plan.
Retrieved from
(link)
Thousand Cankers DiseaseGeosmithia morbidaResponse PlanUSDA Forest ServiceUS Forest
Service, Animal Plant Health Inspection Service, National Association of
State Foresters, and the National Plant Board. 2011. National Response
Framework for Thousand Cankers Disease (TCD) on Walnut. Retrieved from
(link)
Thousand Cankers DiseaseGeosmithia morbidaManagement PlanKansas
Department of Agriculture, Kansas Department of Forestry, & Kansas State
University of Plant Pathology
Appel,
J.A., Atchinson, R.L., Armbrust, R., & Kennelly, M. 2014. State of Kansas
Thousand Cankers Disease of Walnut Strategic Plan. Kansas Department of
Agriculture, Kansas Department of Forestry & Kansas State University
Department of Plant Pathology. Retrieved from
(link)
Thousand Cankers DiseaseGeosmithia morbidaAction PlanTennessee
Department of Agriculture
Haun, G.,
Powell, S., Strohmeier, C., & Kirksey, J. 2010. State of Tennessee
Thousand Cankers Disease Action Plan. Tennessee Department of Agriculture.
Retrieved from
(link)
Thousand Cankers DiseaseGeosmithia morbidaAction PlanPennsylavnia
Forest Pest Task Force
Pennsylvania Forest Pest Task Force. 2012. Commonwealth of
Pennsylvania Thousand Cankers Disease Action Plan. Retrieved from
(link)
Thousand Cankers DiseaseGeosmithia morbidaAction PlanMissouri
Invasive Forest Pest Council
Missouri Invasive Forest Pest
Council. 2015. Thousand Cankers Disease of Black Walnut Action Plan.
Retrieved from (link)
Sudden Oak DeathPhytophthora ramorumBest Management
Practice
HRI P. ramorum
Industry Working Group
HRI P.
ramorum Industry Working Group. (n.d.). Nursery Industry Best Management
Practices for Phytophthora ramorum. Retrieved from

(link)
Sudden Oak DeathPhytophthora ramorumBest Management
Practice
USDA Forest ServiceSuslow,
K. 2008. Recommended industry best management practices for the prevention of
Phytophthora ramorum introduction in nursery operations. In: Frankel, Susan
J.; Kliejunas, John T.; Palmieri, Katharine M., tech. coords. 2008.
Proceedings of the sudden oak death third science symposium. Gen. Tech. Rep.
PSW-GTR-214. Albany, CA: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service,
Pacific Southwest Research Station. pp. 115-128. Retrieved from
(link)
Sudden Oak DeathPhytophthora ramorumAction PlanSudden Oak Death Task
Force
Sudden
Oak Death Task Force. 2017. Strategic Action Plan. Retrieved from
(link)
Sudden Oak DeathPhytophthora ramorumResponse PlanUniversity
of California Cooperative Extension, Sonoma County and the Sonoma County
Department of Emergency Services
University
of California Cooperative Extension, Sonoma County & the Sonoma County
Department of Emergency Services. 2008. Sonoma County Sudden Oak Death
Strategic Response Plan. Retrieved from
(link)
Sudden Oak DeathPhytophthora ramorumManagement PlanUS
Forest Service, Animal Plant Health Inspection Service, National Association
of State Foresters, and the National Plant Board
US Forest
Service, Animal Plant Health Inspection Service, National Association of
State Foresters, and the National Plant Board. 2011. National Response
Framework for Sudden Oak Death. Retrieved from
(link)
Sudden Oak DeathPhytophthora ramorumManagement PlanUS
Forest Service, Animal Plant Health Inspection Service, National Association
of State Foresters, and the National Plant Board
US Forest
Service, Animal Plant Health Inspection Service, National Association of
State Foresters, and the National Plant Board. 2011. National Framework for
Managing Sudden Oak Death caused by Phytophthora ramorum in Forests and
Wildlands. Retrieved from
(link)
White MulberryMorus albaBest Management
Practice
OIPC,
Ministry of the Environment, Conservation and Parks
Warne, A. 2020. White Mulberry (Morus alba) Best Management
Practices in Ontario. Ontario Invasive Plant Council, Peterborough, ON. 
Firewood Best Management
Practice
California Firewood
Task Force
California
Firewood Task Force. 2017. Firewood Best Management Practices. Retrieved from
(link)
Firewood Best Management
Practice
Invasive Species
Centre
Invasive
Species Centre. 2018. Firewood Best Management Practices – Jurisdictional
Scan and Analysis. Prepared for the Canadian Council on Invasive Species.
Retrieved from
(link)
Firewood Best Management
Practice
Canadian Council on
Invasive Species
Canadian
Council on Invasive Species. (n.d.) Firewood Best Practices for Producers.
Retrieved from
(link)
Firewood Best Management
Practice
California Firewood
Task Force
California
Firewood Task Force. (n.d.). Best Management Practices For Arborists and Tree
Care Workers. Retrieved from
(link)
Firewood Best Management
Practice
US
Forest Service, Department of Agriculture
USDA
Forest Service. 2013. Forest Service Handbook Pacific Southwest – Chapter 60
– Management of Specific Pests. Section 64.1. Retrieved from
(link)
Firewood Best Management
Practice
Colorado
Department of Agriculture
Colorado
Department of Agriculture. 2007. Firewood and Pests Recommendations.
Retrieved from
(link)
Firewood Best Management
Practice
Cornell
Cooperative Extension
Ochterski,
J. 2004. “Do It Yourself” Best Management Practices. Cornell Cooperative
Extension. Retrieved from
(link)
Firewood Best Management
Practice
West
Virginia University 
Basham, E., & McGill, D.
2012. Firewood Best Management Practices. West Virginia University Davis
College and West Virginia University Extension Service. Retrieved from
(link)
Firewood Best Management
Practice
UNH
Cooperative Extension
UNH
Cooperative Extension. (n.d.). Best Practices to Help Stop the Spread of EAB
in New Hampshire. Retrieved from
(link)
Firewood Best Management
Practice
Colorado
Department of Agriculture, Division of Plant Industry Nursery Program
Colorado
Department of Agriculture, Division of Plant Industry Nursery Program. 2011.
Best Management Strategies for Movement and Use of Firewood in Colorado.
Colorado Department of Agriculture, Division of Plant Industry Nursery
Program, Lakewood, CO. Retrieved from
(link)
Firewood Action PlanOntario's
Invading Species Awareness Program 
Ontario's Invading Species Awareness Program. 2017. Cottager
Action Plan. Retrieved from (link) 
Boating Best Management
Practice
The
Green Marina Education and Outreach Project Team 
Green
Marina Education and Outreach Project Team. (n.d.). Great Lakes Clean Marina
Best Management Practices Guide. Sea Grant Michigan, Sea Grant Wisconsin, and
Sea Grant Ohio Sea Grant College Program. Retrieved from
(link)
Boating Best Management
Practice
Gouvernement
du Quebec Ministaire des Forats, de la Faune et des Parcs
Gouvernement
du Québec, Ministère des Forêts, de la Faune et des Parcs. 2018. Guide to
Best Practices in Aquatic Environments to Prevent the Introduction and
Propagation of Aquatic Invasive Species. Gouvernement du Québec, Ministère
des Forêts, de la Faune et des Parcs, Canada. Retrieved from
(link)

Boating Best Management
Practice
State
of Wisconsin, Department of Natural Resources
State of
Wisconsin, Department of Natural Resources. 2020. Best Management Practices
for Boat, Gear and Equipment Decontamination. Retrieved from
(link)
Boating Best Management
Practice
Wisconsin
Department of Natural Resources
Wisconsin Department of Natural
Resources. 2020. Best Management Practices for Boat, Gear and Equipment
Decontamination. Retrieved from
(link)
Boating Best Management
Practice
Clean
Marine
Clean Marine. (n.d.). Marina
Program Manual. Retrieved from
(link)
Boating Best Management
Practice
Minnesota
Department of Natural Resources
Minnesota
Department of Natural Resources, Division of Parks and Trails. 2012. Aquatic
Invasive Species Best Management Practices for Water Access. Retrieved from
(link)
Boating Best Management
Practice
Connecticut
Department of Energy & Environmental Protection
Connecticut
Department of Energy & Environmental Protection. 2013. Best Management
Practices for Vessel Decontamination. Connecticut Department of Energy &
Environmental Protection, Old Lyme, CT. Retrieved from
(link)
Boating Action PlanOntario
Ministry of Natural Resources
Ontario
Ministry of Natural Resources. 2019. Boaters Action Plan. Retrieved from
(link)
Boating Action PlanOntario's
Invading Species Awareness Program 
Ontario's Invading Species Awareness Program. 2017. Boater
Action Plan. Retrieved from (link)
Horticulture Best Management
Practice
Virginia
Cooperative Extension, Virginia Tech, Virginia State University
Virginia
Cooperative Extension. 2015. Horticultural Best Management Practices for VCE
Master Gardener Volunteers. Retrieved from
(link)
Horticulture Best Management
Practice
Oregon
State University
Oregon
State University. (n.d.). Best Management Practices (BMPs). Retrieved from
(link)
Horticulture Action PlanOntario
Ministry of Natural Resources
Ontario
Ministry of Natural Resources. 2019. Gardeners Action Plan. Retrieved from
(link)

Horticulture Action PlanCanadian
Council on Invasive Species
Canadian
Council on Invasive Species. (n.d.). Horticulture Action Plan. Canadian
Council on Invasive Species, Williams Lake, BC. Retrieved from
(link)
Horticulture Action PlanOntario's
Invading Species Awareness Program
Ontario's Invading Species Awareness Program. 2017. Gardener
Action Plan. Retrieved from (link)
Horticulture ProtocolCanadian
Council on Invasive Species, Canadian Society of Landscape Architects, and
Canadian Nursery Landscape Association
Canadian
Council on Invasive Species, Canadian Society of Landscape Architects, and
Canadian Nursery Landscape Association. (n.d.). National Voluntary Code of
Conduct for the Ornamental Horticulture Industry. Retrieved from
(link)
Equipment Best Management
Practice
Parks
Canada Agency
Parks
Canada Agency. 2016. Best Management Practices for the Prevention of Invasive
Species. Retrieved from
(link)
Equipment Best Management
Practice
Government
of Alberta
Government
of Alberta. (n.d.). Best Management Practices – Equipment Sanitation.
Retrieved from
(link)

Equipment ProtocolGovernment of AlbertaGovernment
of Alberta, Alberta Environment and Parks. (2017). Decontamination Protocol
For Watercraft & Equipment. Retrieved from
(link)
Equipment ProtocolPeterborough
Stewardship Council and Ontario Invasive Plant Council
Halloran,
J., Anderson, H., and Tassie, D. 2013. Clean Equipment Protocol for Industry.
Peterborough Stewardship Council and Ontario Invasive Plant Council.
Peterborough, ON. Retrieved from
(link)
Equipment Best Management
Practice
Saskatchewan
Forage Council
Saskatchewan Forage Council. 2011. BMPs for Invasive Plant
Species - Transportation. Retrieved from (link)
Ballast Water Best Management
Practice
The
Shipping Federation of Canada
The
Shipping Federation of Canada. 2000. Code of Best Practices for Ballast Water
Management. Retrieved from
(link)
Ballast Water Best Management
Practice
GEF-UNDP-IMO
GloBallast Partnerships Programme and Florida Institute of Technology
GEF-UNDP-IMO
GloBallast Partnerships Programme and Florida Institute of Technology. 2017.
Guidance on Best Management Practices for Sediment Reception Facilities under
the Ballast Water Management Convention. GloBallast, Monograph No. 23.
Retrieved from
(link)

Ballast Water Best Management
Practice
Congressional
Research Service
Buck, H.
E. 2010. Ballast Water Management to Combat Invasive Species. Retrieved from
(link)
Aquaculture Best Management
Practice
Florida
Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services Division of Aquaculture
Florida
Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services Division of Aquaculture.
2016. Aquaculture Best Management Practices Manual. Florida Department of
Agriculture and Consumer Services Division of Aquaculture, Tallahassee,
Florida. Retrieved from
(link)
Aquaculture Best Management
Practice
Conservation
International, Sustainable Fisheries Partnership, University of California
Santa Barbara
Bone, J.,
Clavelle, T., Ferreira, J. G., Grant, J., Ladner, I., Immink, A., . . .
Taylor, N. G. 2018. BEST PRACTICES FOR AQUACULTURE MANAGEMENT GUIDANCE FOR
IMPLEMENTING THE ECOSYSTEM APPROACH IN INDONESIA AND BEYOND [PDF]. Retrieved
from
(link)
Aquaculture Best Management
Practice
Sea
Grant Law Center
Nichols,
A. 2018. Regulating Invasive Species in Aquaculture: Common State Approaches
and Best Management Practices. Sea Grant Law Center. Retrieved from
(link)
Aquaculture Management PlanDepartment
of Fisheries and Oceans Canada
Department
of Fisheries and Oceans Canada. 2017. Pacific Region Shellfish Integrated
Management of Aquaculture Plan. Canada., Department of Fisheries and Oceans.
Retrieved from
(link)
Aquaculture Action PlanDepartment
of Fisheries and Oceans Canada
Department of Fisheries and
Oceans Canada. 2010. National Aquaculture Strategic Action Plan Initiative
(NASAPI) 2011-2015. Fisheries and Oceans Canada, Ottawa, Ontario. Retrieved
from
(link)
Hunting/Game Management PlanGovernment
of Saskatchewan
Government
of Saskatchewan. 2018. Game Management Plan. Retrieved from
(link)
Hunting/Game Action PlanOntario
Ministry of Natural Resources
Ontario
Ministry of Natural Resources. 2019. Anglers Action Plan. Retrieved from
(link)
Canal Management PlanParks
Canada
Parks Canada. 2005. Rideau Canal
National Historic Site of Canada Management Plan (Canada). Retrieved from
(link)
Live Bait Best Management
Practice
Wisconsin
Department of Natural Resources
Wisconsin
Department of Natural Resources. 2011. Best Management Practices (BMPs) and
Other Strategies For Minimizing the Risk of Importing Invasive Fish Species
in Bait and Forage Shipments. Retrieved from
(link)
Live Bait Action PlanOntario's
Invading Species Awareness Program 
Ontario's Invading Species Awareness Program. 2017. Angler
Action Plan. Retrieved from (link)
Outdoor Recreation Best Management
Practice
British
Columbia Ministry of Water, Land and Air Protection Ecosystem Standards and
Planning Biodiversity Branch & Grasslands Conservation Council of British
Columbia
British
Columbia Ministry of Water, Land and Air Protection Ecosystem Standards and
Planning Biodiversity Branch & Grasslands Conservation Council of British
Columbia. 2004. Best Management Practices for Recreational Activities on
Grasslands in the Thompson and Okanagan Basins. Retrieved from
(link)
Outdoor Recreation Best Management
Practice
Wisconsin
Council on Forestry
The
Wisconsin Council on Forestry. 2009. Best Management Practices for Preventing
the Spread of Invasive Species by Outdoor Recreation Activities in Wisconsin.
Retrieved from
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Outdoor Recreation Best Management
Practice
North
Country Trail Association
Ketchmark,
A. 2010. Invasive species: Best Management Practices. North Country Trail
Association, Lowell, MI. Retrieved from
(link)

Outdoor Recreation Best Management
Practice
Parks
Canada
Parks
Canada. 2016. Parks Canada National Best Management Practices for Trail
Maintenance and Modification. Retrieved from
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Outdoor Recreation Management PlanAlberta
Environment and Parks
Alberta Environment and Parks.
2017. Livingstone-Porcupine Hills Recreation Management Plan. Government of
Alberta. ISBN No. 978-1-4601-3967-7. Retrieved from
(link)
Outdoor Recreation Action PlanOntario
Ministry of Natural Resources
Ontario
Ministry of Natural Resources. 2019. Hiking Action Plan. Retrieved from
(link)
Outdoor Recreation Action PlanOntario's
Invading Species Awareness Program 
Ontario's Invading Species Awareness Program. (2017). Hikers
Action Plan. Retrieved from (link)
Invasive Species Best Management
Practice
The University of
Georgia
Moorhead, D.J., K.A. Rawlins,
C.W. Evans, C.E. Barlow and C.T. Bargeron. 2011. A Land ManagerÂ’s Guide to
Best Management Practices (BMPs) to Prevent the Introduction and Spread of
Invasive Species. The University of Georgia. Center for Invasive Species and
Ecosystem Health, Tifton GA. BW-2011-03. 28 p. Retrieved from
(link)
Invasive Species Best Management
Practice
US
Forest Service, Department of Agriculture
US Forest
Service Department of Agriculture. 2012. Non-native Invasive Species Best
Management Practices – Guidance for the U.S. Forest Service Eastern Region.
Retrieved from
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Invasive Species Best Management
Practice
Wisconsin
Department of Natural Resources
Wisconsin
Department of Natural Resources. 2009. WisconsinÂ’s Forestry Best Management
Practices For Invasive Species. Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources,
Madison, WI. Retrieved from
(link)
Invasive Species Best Management
Practice
The
Maryland-National Capital Park and Planning Commission Department of Parks,
Montgomery County, Park Planning and Resource Stewardship Division, &
Natural resources Stewardship Section
The
Maryland-National Capital Park and Planning Commission Department of Parks,
Montgomery County, Park Planning and Resource Stewardship Division, &
Natural Resources Stewardship Section. 2015. Best Management Practices for
Control of Non-Native Invasives. Maryland-National Capital Park &
Planning Commission, Silver Spring, MD. 43 p. Retrieved from
(link)
Invasive Species Best Management
Practice
California
Invasive Plant Council
Cal-IPC.
2012. Preventing the Spread of Invasive Plants: Best Management Practices for
Land Managers (3rd ed.). Cal-IPC Publication 2012-03. California Invasive
Plant Council, Berkeley, CA. Available at
(link)
Invasive Species Best Management
Practice
Ministry
of Environment and Climate Change Strategy (BC Parks) and Invasive Species
Council of British Columbia
Ministry
of Environment and Climate Change Strategy (BC Parks) and Invasive Species
Council of British Columbia. 2018. Best Management Practices For Invasive
Plants in Parks and Protected Areas of British Columbia (2018 ed.). Retrieved
from
(link)
Invasive Species Best Management
Practice
District
of West Vancouver
District
of West Vancouver. 2014. Best Management Practices and Target Plant Profiles
Excerpt from Invasive Plants Strategy. Retrieved from
(link)
Invasive Species Best Management
Practice
Saskatchewan
Forage Council
Saskatchewan
Forage Council. 2011. BMPs for Invasive Plant Species – Hay. Retrieved from
(link)
Invasive Species Best Management
Practice
Saskatchewan
Forage Council
Saskatchewan
Forage Council. 2010. BMPs for Invasive Plant Species – Forage Seed.
Retrieved from
(link)
Invasive Species Best Management
Practice
MN Invasive Species
Advisory Council
MN
Invasive Species Advisory Council. 2015. Best Management Practices for
Preventing the Introduction, Establishment, and Spread of Invasive Species.
Retrieved from
(link)
Invasive Species Management PlanOntario Ministry of
Natural Resources
Ontario
Ministry of Natural Resources. 2020. Fisheries Management Plan (Fisheries
Management Zone 4). Ontario Ministry of Natural Resources, Canada. Retrieved
from
(link)
Invasive Species Management PlanOntario Ministry of
Natural Resources
Ontario
Ministry of Natural Resources. 2018. Fisheries Management Plan (Fisheries
Management Zone 5). Ontario Ministry of Natural Resources, Canada. Retrieved
from
(link)
Invasive Species Management PlanBritish
Columbia Ministry of Environment Lower Mainland Region Environmental
Stewardship Division
British
Columbia Ministry of Environment Lower Mainland Region Environmental
Stewardship Division. 2007. SkwelwilÂ’em Squamish Estuary Wildlife Management
Area Management Plan. Retrieved from
(link)
Invasive Species Management PlanKeweenaw
Bay Indian Community Natural Resources Department
Keweenaw
Bay Indian Community Natural Resources Department. 2018. Terrestrial Invasive
Species Management Plan. Retrieved from
(link)
Invasive Species Management Plan<Michigan
Department of Agriculture and Rural Development, Michigan Department of
Environmental Quality, Michigan Department of Natural Resources, &
Michigan Department of Transportation
Michigan
Department of Agriculture and Rural Development, Michigan Department of
Environmental Quality, Michigan Department of Natural Resources, &
Michigan Department of Transportation. (n.d.). MichiganÂ’s Terrestrial
Invasive Species State Management Plan. Retrieved from
(link)
Invasive Species Management PlanPennsylvania
Department of Conservation and Natural Resources
Pennsylvania
Department of Conservation and Natural Resources. 2011. Invasive Species
Management Plan. Retrieved from
(link)
Invasive Species Management PlanUnited
States Department of Agriculture Forest Service
United
States Department of Agriculture Forest Service. 2009. Invasive Species
Management Strategy. United States Department of Agriculture Forest Service,
Ogden, Utah. Retrieved from
(link)

Invasive Species Management PlanDiamond
Head Consulting Ltd.
Diamond
Head Consulting Ltd. 2015. Mundy Park Forest Management Plan. Prepared for
the City of Coquitlam, Coquitlam, BC. Retrieved from

(link)

Invasive Species Management PlanDiamond
Head Consulting & Invasive Species Council of Metro Vancouver
Diamond
Head Consulting & Invasive Species Council of Metro Vancouver. 2019.
Glenbrook Ravine Park Invasive Plant Management Plan. Prepared for
Engineering and Parks and Recreation Departments, New Westminster, BC.
Retrieved from
(link)
Invasive Species Management PlanDistrict
of Saanich
District
of Saanich. 2013. Invasive Species Management Strategy. Retrieved from
(link)
Invasive Species Management PlanCity
of London
City of
London. (n.d.). London Invasive Plant Management Strategy. Retrieved from
(link)
Invasive Species Management PlanOak
Ridge National Laboratory
McCracken,
M. K., & Giffen, N. R. 2017. Invasive Plant Management Plan for the Oak
Ridge Reservation. Prepared for US Department of Energy, Office of Science.
Retrieved from
(link)
Invasive Species Management PlanNew
York State Department of Environmental Conservation
New York
State Department of Environmental Conservation. 2015. New York State Aquatic
Invasive Species Management Plan. Retrieved from

(link)
Invasive Species Action PlanCity
of Richmond Engineering and Public Works Division - Sustainability and
District Energy Section
City of Richmond Engineering and
Public Works Division – Sustainability and District Energy Section. 2015.
City of Richmond Invasive Species Action Plan. Retrieved from
(link)
Invasive Species Action PlanCanadian
Council of Fisheries and Aquaculture Ministers Aquatic Invasive Species Task
Group
Canadian Council of Fisheries
and Aquaculture Ministers Aquatic Invasive Species Task Group. 2004. A
Canadian Action Plan to Address the Threat of Aquatic Invasive Species.
Retrieved from
(link)
Invasive Species Action PlanOntario
Ministry of Natural Resources
Ontario
Ministry of Natural Resources. 2019. Cottagers Action Plan. Retrieved from
(link)
Invasive Species Action PlanCanadian
Council on Invasive Species
Canadian
Council on Invasive Species. 2017. National Taking Action Plan. Canadian
Council on Invasive Species, Williams Lake, BC. Retrieved from
(link)
Invasive Species Response PlanBritish
Columbia Inter-Ministry Invasive Species Working Group
British
Columbia Inter-Ministry Invasive Species Working Group. 2014. Invasive
Species Early Detection and Rapid Response Plan for British Columbia.
Retrieved from
(link)
Invasive Species Response PlanEnvironment
and Parks, Government of Alberta
Environment
and Parks, Government of Alberta. 2019. Alberta Aquatic Invasive Species
Early Detection Rapid Response Plan. Retrieved from
(link)

Best Management Practices: provide recommendations on how to effectively manage or control invasive species while adhering to all necessary legislation, regulations and policies.

Management Plan: provides a clear approach towards preventing and managing the spread of invasive species and their potential impacts. This document outlines approaches to achieve these objectives and goals.

Action Plan: outlines the projects or activities needed to meet the goals and objectives by identifying and prioritising invasive species management. The plan can provide information on the species habitat; guidance on setting management priorities; how to coordinate public outreach and engagement; and evaluate the socio-economic costs and benefits.

Response Plan: is a support tool/framework that provides detailed instructions to follow in the event a new invasive species is reported. It serves as a guide to help identify, assess and determine when a response is required and what type of response should be considered.

Protocol: an official document that outlines preventative actions to help prevent the spread and introduction of invasive species